The Tibetan Mastiff is a giant dog that stands out for its protective work. Discover how to adopt or buy a Tibet bulldog and how to train a Tibetan Mastiff.
Characteristics of the Tibetan Mastiff
The Tibetan Mastiff is the biggest dog in the world It can weigh between 85-100 kg. Is a breed of dog Strong, heavy and well proportioned mastiff. It is characterized by having a fairly wide head, with a strong jaw, medium and very expressive eyes, medium and triangular ears. In addition, of a medium tail pulling long without reaching below the tibio-tarsal joint. We can see this in Tibetan Mastiff pictures.
Is breed of dog It has a muscular back covered with a long and dense coat, formed by two layers of intense black, brown, gold or bluish gray. It is necessary to brush it at least three times a week.
The Tibetan Mastiff is giant. This is because the height of the Tibetan Mastiff is 66 cm in males and 61 cm in females.
Regarding behavior, it highlights its nobility, work, protection and courageI would not hesitate to take care of a family. However, without proper education and the necessary exercise the Tibetan Mastiff He is aggressive and stubborn.
How to breed a Tibetan Mastiff?
To raise a dog from this race you should know that they need to exercise so they don't get nervous or aggressive. They can live in hot and cold climates, thanks to their layer is very thick and resistant. This dog is not for everyone because of its large size, since it needs ample land where it can run freely and enjoy its freedom. On the contrary, if the spaces are reduced, it will end up becoming aggressive due to stress, so it is inadvisable to have it in an apartment or apartment.
The Tibet Bulldog may suffer diseases as the hip dysplasia, hypothyroidism or cataracts. It has a life expectancy of 11 to 14 years.
How to train or train a Tibetan Mastiff?
Have a Tibetan Mastiff It is a great responsibility and you should be educated or trained to have a correct behavior. This training should start from the first three months, since the Tibetan Mastiff puppy Acquire easier the guidelines we give you.
To start you have to develop socialization, that is, you should be accustomed to sharing and interacting with people and other animals to maintain a proper behavior. As it grows and develops, more complex instructions are incorporated, such as following the master, stopping or waiting for permission to move forward, being very useful for getting Tibetan Mastiff checked. However, if we do not feel prepared for it, it is best to hire a canine trainer Help us.
In addition, it must be stimulated with a series of rewards as snacks, petting, pampering, flattery that he likes and makes him repeat the desired behavior. Tibetan Mastiff attack on strangers is common if the dog is not well trained. This is because for centuries it has been used as a guard dog, having to face different predators.
Where do you get a Tibetan Mastiff?
To get a Tibet Bulldog There are two options: adopt it or buy it. Before making the decision to have a Tibetan Mastiff As a pet, you should know five important facts.
1 - One of the largest dogs in the world. Males, larger than females, can measure up to 66 centimeters in cross and weigh 80 kilos!
2 - The guardian of the Tibetan monasteries. In their origin, the shepherds of the Himalayas they created this breed to watch the flocks, while the Tibetan monks they were trained as guard dogs of their monasteries.
3 - An excellent guard dog. Fiercely defends its territory, warns with barking in case of intrusion and is very faithful to its owner.
4 - A true ball of energy. At Tibet, this magnificent mastiff used to manage alone, to guide and watch over the flock, and, also, to firmly defend the places of worship of the Himalayas.
5 - An iron hand with a silk glove. It is better not to adopt this type of mastiff If we have children, it is a guard dog that can react aggressively against young children full of energy.
How can we adopt a Tibetan Mastiff?
It is very easy, even if it is a specific breed dog, there are a wide variety of entities that are looking for a home for these animals. Most of these are the result of dropouts, being adoption a great option to give this unconditional partner a second chance.
Where do they sell Tibetan Mastiff?
You have to be sure that you want one because they are quite complicated to find in Spain because there are few in the world and they are very coveted. However, they are easy to find in hatcheries of Mexico or China. It should be taken into account that they are not available to all pockets.
What is the price of a Tibetan Mastiff?
This may vary depending on race and pedigree between 50,000 or 100,000 dollars and even more. Is a very exclusive dog breed. An example is the case in which a Tibetan Mastiff puppy for more than 1.5 million dollars.
History and Origin of Tibetan Mastiff
References to the existence of Tibetan Mastiff, date back up to 2,000 years before Christ. There are paintings and under reliefs that give account of this magnificent animal, used as war dog and prisoner guardian of the Assyrian war, was mentioned in the Chronicles of Aristotle, the Greek philosopher, in the years 384-322 B.C. Subsequently, he is admired by Marco Polo, which reflects in his writings that narrate his trip to Asia in 1271, being a notorious story, the raids on the battlefield of this animal, accompanying the armies of Genghis Khan, of whom he He says he had 30,000 copies, one for each soldier.
Its millenary origin, places them exercising pastoral work with the ancient inhabitants of the Himalayas and as eternal guardians of the Buddhist monasteries, which adds an aura of mysticism that makes them even more attractive and therefore coveted. Own a Tibetan Mastiff It is synonymous with ancestral knowledge of the origins of this dog of such special and varied qualities, which has adapted very well, according to the needs of the inhabitants of the Asian continent, in its process of evolution through the centuries.
The British occupation of India, allowed the West to get to know these millenary canine specimens more closely, when one was sent to Queen Victoria in 1847. The royal house was attracted to the Tibetan Mastiff, thanks to its origin It goes back to very remote times, accompanying the great representatives of the history of mankind and by 1898, he already realized several of these peculiar dogs, including the first birth of a puppy at the zoo in Berlin, Germany. In England, they were assigned to performances in circus performances, where they constituted a special attraction, looking like giant lions, being dogs.
At present, China adapts to international standards on the distinction of purity of Tibetan Mastiff and already has recognized breeding sites, where the genetic links of this ancient and mythical race are maintained. However, in the remote grazing areas of Tibet, it is common to find the Tibetan Mastiff, also known as the Tibet Bulldog, accompanying the children, children of the shepherds, while running along with them in the field and taking care of the herds.
For Occ> owning a dog of this breed is equivalent to sporting an expensive luxury item, since the price of these incomparable specimens has been quoted at 1.6 million Euros.
Physical characteristics of the Tibetan Mastiff dog
It is a very large dog, weighing between 85 and 100 kilos, its height can reach more than one meter. With a wide chest and large thick legs, it has a defined musculature to support its weight and height. Its head stands out from the body for its size, the eyes are sunken and dark in color.
Due to its origin in the mountains of Tibet, it has two layers of abundant and long fur that makes it resemble a lion, the snout is black and round, with hanging cheeks leaving enough space in the gums, where large fangs are appreciated that give it a strong bite ability.
The tail curls forward and rests on its hindquarters.
The color of its coat varies between black with yellow details on the eyebrows, chest and legs, white, red, gray, yellow in various shades and there are two colors, mixed between the natural variety.
Its diaphragm is longer than in other races because its body is equally longer than tall, the inner chamber is distended when it barks and with the passage of air, it provides a sound like thunder, resembling the roar of a lion, which he adds a fierceness that he doesn't really possess in his character.
In general terms, the Tibetan Mastiff is a strong and healthy dog, but due to its size and weight, it usually suffers from the joints and the wear of its bones is faster than that presented by other breeds, for this reason, it should be provided with a good space so you can move and run comfortably, it is also recommended not to subject it to stressful activities in which you have to use a lot of force.
In its physical structure, it has not evolved through the centuries, making this a really pure dog since its origins.
As for its abundant coat, she changes the inner layer twice a year, causing her appearance to change, to achieve a healthy appearance on her skin, she must brush frequently and in a dedicated manner, taking care of each part of her body with special care.
Other varieties of this species:
Character and personality of the Tibetan Mastiff dog
Having not suffered morphological changes in his body structure, his character has not changed, despite having been a war dog, where only his size and powerful barking infused terror in the opposing armies, The nature of the Tibetan Mastiff is grazing and in attention to this quality, it is a pack dog, which considers those who are constantly in its environment as parts of its own.
This makes this breed an ideal dog to care for children, property and herds. His character is docile and affectionate, but he can become fierce in the presence of strangers, especially if he feels or perceives any threat to his pack. For this reason, it is recommended to discipline him from a young age and if he is going to have them at home, visitors should be warned, so that they do not make sudden movements in the presence of the dog in order to prevent the situation from getting out of control.
If the Tibetan Mastiff is in the mountains, developing according to its shepherd nature, you will be seen running around, taking care of all types of livestock and children without the lack of space altering it.
If you are going to have a Tibet bulldog in the city, you should be given enough space inside the house and in any case, get used to long walks, where you can walk and run without problems, but you must be trained to face the constant changes of cities, where the noise of cars or the lack of foresight of those who cross their path, may be threatening.
Due to its territorial nature, the Tibetan Mastiff is usually a jealous dog with its territory and does not admit incursions of any kind, which makes it an excellent guardian, but this carries a great responsibility for the owners, who must keep the dog isolated from the external area, with fences resistant to ramming, in case any nearby presence makes you feel uncomfortable.
Generally speaking, despite its large size and intimidating appearance, It is a docile and affectionate dog that does not represent any danger to its ownersLikewise, you can live with other animals and smaller dog breeds if you are used to it since you are a puppy.
The Tibetan Mastiff is considered a very intelligent dog, able to understand and react favorably to different situations if he is trained properly and treated with affection.
How to educate a mastiff dog?
Mastiff training may be different from training other types of dog breeds. We are facing some races that enjoy pleasing their owner, making the mastiff a pleasant breed to train, however they can also be very stubborn and with a strong character that in some cases makes their training difficult. Dealing with the character of a Tibetan mastiff may not be an easy task.
In fact, mastiffs are known as breeds that do not respond well to scolding tactics or negative training, but do not be discouraged there to use the appropriate techniques and strategies, you can train your mastiff to be a very dog Well educated and balanced.
Mastiffs are not known for their good results in obedience classes. Neither are the agility or the follow-up of the typical areas of the breed. It is important that the owner of the dog is aware of these facts. Normally you don't expect the same results when training a mastiff as we would with a Border Collie. This is not because the mastiff is stupid or less intelligent than other races. It is more a matter of different personalities. The most common "problem" is to make the mastiff do things fast enough, not because it cannot move quickly, but because in general we are faced with races rather more relaxed than others more predisposed for training.
Why is it so important to train a mastiff?
Being a very large dogs and with a strong instinct for protection, it is very important that a dog of any mastiff breed be socialized and properly trained. Without proper training, their size, strength and inclination to protect can be dangerous, if left unchecked.
However, these dogs can be trained and get good results if we do it properly. Once the dog has a deep bond with its owner and family they will want to protect them by instinct, that is why it is essential to focus on behavioral training, rather than how to protect.
In addition, mastiffs can be quite stubborn. It may be a phase or part of the dog's personality in general, it will depend a lot on how the dog is raised and cared for while it is still a puppy.
Let's go into how to train these calm, relaxed and adorable giant dogs.
Tibetan Mastiff puppies
In this breed there is a limitation in relation to the offspring, since the female only goes into heat once a year, having medium litters, that is, from five to ten puppies per litter, they are large and abundant fur, presenting the particularity of the natural birth control in these huge dogs, which would represent a serious problem for their places of origin, if they reproduce with the frequency of other breeds.
Depending on the care given to the puppies, unusually large pups can be obtained, which reach a height of one meter before the first year of age.
They reach maturity at four years, during which time, despite their size, abundant fur and deep and intimidating bark, in their character they are still playful and affectionate puppies, to which it is necessary to discipline from very early to avoid disorders of behavior that would be very difficult to control because of their physical characteristics and natural strength.
Start training your mastiff since he is a puppy
Start training as soon as you canIn general, it is recommended to start from the moment they leave their mother, from 8 to 10 weeks. All puppies are different and adapt in different ways to training routines, some learn quickly while others are more obstinate and it takes them longer to learn to obey. Be patient in the process and don't give up if your mastiff is giving you trouble at first.
As with everything else in life, it is important to set goals for training your mastiff. What do you want the dog to do or not do? Write it down and track by parts. This will help you achieve your goals and verify if your dog achieves what you are working for. Divide the main objective into several partial objectives.
Setting goals makes the learning process easier to follow. It also gives you a good feeling when you see that small goals are being met and progress is made.
Food and health of the Tibetan Mastiff dog
A large dog, strength and energy like the Tibetan Mastiff, requires a diet rich in proteins that keep your muscles in good condition and favor their abundant fur.
The bulldogs of Tibet grow very quickly and this particularity makes them that their joints and bone composition can be affected more frequently than other dog breeds, it is for this reason, that a dietary supplement of cartilage should be incorporated into their diet Shark, whose properties for the benefit of joints, are widely known.
If you want to get a puppy of this breed, awareness of the cost of feeding is required, which is usually in large quantities, consistent with its structure and size, which inevitably determine your appetite.
It is recommended that the veterinarian be consulted about the food that is best for him, as well as the supplements he may require to prevent his joint or bone problems.
Train the mastiff to store cattle
In case of training a mastiff for the care of cattle, it must spend its first months of life in close contact with the herd that will become his family. By being in constant contact with the animals of the herd, the mastiff will accept them as his family and will be accepted by them, in this way as an adult he will defend them from any danger. A Spanish mastiff is a magnificent dog for guarding cattle.
Given the independent nature of the mastiffs, it is not convenient to give them a specific training for the keeping of cattle, but they have to learn to attend 3 basic commands,
- They must understand what В «ВЎno! В» means and leave what they are doing when they hear it.
- They have to come to the call of their master and let themselves be held and remain still.
- It must return with the flock when indicated
Dog care Tibetan Mastiff
Given the peculiarities of size, nature and character of the Tibetan Mastiff, special care must be given, not only for its physical appearance, but emotionally.
As for the physical part, attending to their diet properly will allow them to look healthy in their fur and that their growth is not affected by joint conditions, providing sufficient space and long walks will contribute to good blood circulation. Taking care of the toilet, brushing your hair two or three times a day and taking care of the hygiene of your mouth, you will have a healthy specimen.
As for the emotional aspect, you must take advantage of its sweet and affectionate character so that you get used to interacting in the different scenarios offered by urban centers, full of noise and people, to which you must get used without suffering any disturbance that could cause situations dangerous, for not being able to control it if it is altered in an unusual way.
It must be teach from puppy to obey orders, which must be given vigorously, to learn who has control of the situation.
Once these goals have been achieved, you will be in possession of a docile dog that will not represent major problems.
Reward and punishment in training your mastiff
Basically, we talk about two types of rewards What can you give your dog when you try to teach him something. The first and most important is that clearly We make the dog understand that we appreciate what he just did. The dog loves to succeed, and the feeling he has when the owner is happy with him. This is the best motivation that a dog can have. When you have learned what the word "Sit" means and sits down when you tell him to do it, you must reward him verbally. You should not use the verbal reward too much and in the wrong situations, the effect of this type of reward will not be as good as when you try to learn something new to the dog.
Another way to reward the dog is using food. This may be effective, but some obedience instructors disagree with these methods. Make sure your dog doesn't get excited about food. He is supposed to concentrate on training, not on the reward that is in your hand. Always remember to give a verbal reward first, and then the food reward.
The opposite of reward is punishment. A golden rule says that you will never use any kind of physical punishment while training a dog or other animal. Hitting or shouting is totally anti-learning. The best way to show your dog that you are not satisfied with his behavior, is to say with a firm "No!", Take him back to his position and not give him verbal comments beyond this. . The mastiff wants your attention in a positive way. If you do not understand, you understand perfectly that he did not do what you expected him to do. When he finally succeeds and receives your compliments, he will try to make you happy again the next time he has the chance. Screaming and hitting is never the right solution, no matter what kind of teaching you are dealing with. Reward or not reward is the only learning psychology you need with a normal mastiff.
Make your mastiff training positive and fun
Certain breeds of dogs were bred to follow orders, such as the Border Collie, which is also one of the most intelligent dog breeds but the most intelligent. By contrast, It is not innate for mastiffs to obey orders, these breeds were basically bred to keep and protect, which makes them very independent dogs and therefore need a different training.
The training should be pleasant as a motivation for it to continue and succeed. Praise affectionately with specific and continuous words when the dog obeys and advances in his training. Observe the commands of activities and demonstrations of affection that make your dog happy. Take note and use those!
It is key to focus on positive training for mastiffs. If they behave incorrectly, you may just have to raise your voice or stare at them. Praise is a really fantastic learning tool for most dog breeds.
Education and training of Tibetan Mastiff
Owning a puppy of this breed requires a high sense of responsibility, which is why it is recommended that training begins from the first three months of life, which is the time when it begins to form its definitive character.
The first thing to do is to accustom the puppy to share and interact with several people and different animals, to identify different places on their walks and give him the opportunity to satisfy his natural curiosity, teaching him little by little, to maintain an adequate behavior , that is, correct it firmly if it becomes aggressive or if it does not obey an instruction such as lying down or staying still.
To the extent that it is growing and developing, more complex instructions are incorporated, such as following the master, stopping, waiting for the advancement and all the instructions that make up a training that allows a perfectly controlled Tibetan Mastiff adult to be authorized, without fear of any eventuality, because this breed is extremely intelligent and therefore able to understand the different situations that may arise, being able to react in a timely, accurate and adequate manner, if it has a good training.
If the aspiring owner of a Tibetan Mastiff does not feel prepared or has no experience in handling dogs, he should resort to the services of a canine trainer.
Socialize your mastiff
You must get your mastiff used to be surrounded by people and other dogs from an early age (Although some breeds of mastiffs, especially males, are not very socializable with other dogs and animals). Socializing your dog is key in training if you want your puppy to behave correctly later when it is an adult dog. Present it to friends and family, other dogs, neighborhood people and make him live and experience new situations in which he can find himself, so that they will no longer represent a novelty for him in the future
When you meet and observe other dogs, your mastiff begins to have a better idea of how good dog manners are. Presenting it to other human beings you usually get close to people, it allows you to understand what kind of person you should accept (such as a neighbor or a delivery man) compared to an intruder.
Ancestral, millennial and mythical, the Tibetan Mastiff or Bulldog of Tibet, It is a fabulous canine specimen, framed in the category of the most coveted colossi in Central Asia and with renewed popularity in the West, by becoming one of the races that are synonymous with power and social status.
In ancient times it was considered an ideal complement to the machinery of war, by virtue of its large size and intelligence to learn to use its strength in the art of war, where only its appearance, already generated terror in the enemy armies.
However, its true nature is grazing and caring for those who consider members of its pack, its territorial and docile nature, make it ideal for the care of flocks and children, currently, it is still the playmate of the children of the mountains of Tibet and even enjoy the preference and sympathy of Tibetan monks, who since ancient times use them as guardians of their temples and monasteries.
The Tibetan Mastiff, is part of the oldest art and mentions full of admiration by philosophers and great warriors of antiquity, making it the protagonist of innumerable military feats, as well as for its unique characteristics in terms of its size and the appearance of a lion, who has contributed to his mythical lineage.
Great Britain introduces it to the West, where the admiration caused by the gifts given to royalty and were exposed to circuses and zoos throughout Europe was not expected.
Currently, they have regained their exclusive status, since Chinese breeders have been guided by world canine federations, achieving that their physical and character characteristics that denote their purity are defined, confirming that they have not suffered any variation in their structure genetics, despite the passage of time. This may be due to the fact that its place of origin in the mountains of Tibet did not allow crossing with other breeds that distort its particular characteristics, making this a dog of guaranteed purity, which contributes to its high price.
Although they can be obtained in Europe and possibly in several countries worldwide, they are not very common and there are really few specimens that can be observed.
The Tibetan Mastiff is a colossal dog, in the category of canine giants he is the most affectionate and docile, but it requires a great responsibility when acquiring it, because raising it without control and discipline could represent a great danger to the community where it develops.
Everything you should know about Tibetan Mastiff
This extraordinary guard and defense dog, whose main mission is the protect herds and families against the presence of predators and strangers, it is in that area stimulated to develop aggressive features, while too many times it remains tied, quite the opposite of what happens in our cultural environment.
A race that has remained virtually unchanged for thousands of years and that descends directly from the ancient Tibetan Mastiff, becoming the giant dog with whom villas and entire camps felt very protected. In some villages they were also used as a throwing weapon against enemies and as custody of prisoners, preventing their escape.
The protective dog of the Tibetan monasteries is known to be also a precious breed of work for former nomadic shepherds who inhabit the Himalayas. Unfortunately, such a majestic race was on the verge of extinction when Tibet was invaded by China, back in the 50s of the last century.
Luck wanted that at that time enough copies of this impressive dog arrived in Nepal and India, places where the breed began to develop again. Its popularity in the West grew at the time when other of these dogs were exported to the United States and England.
The first known historical mention of such a powerful can was made Aristotle, who lived from 384 to 322 a. C., although little is known about the real origin of the breed. Later, I would be praised for Marco Polo who, during his travels to Asia, around 1,271 A.D., was enchanted by these dogs whom he flattered for their great size and strength.
Much later, in 1847, Queen Victoria of England opened the doors of Europe to a magnificent specimen of Tibetan Bulldog, whose impact caused that a few years later, in 1898, was recorded in the Berlin zoo the first litter of Tibetan Mastiffs of the old continent.
Characteristics and physical features
With a height at the cross of 66 centimeters and a weight that ranges between 50 and 75 kilos this dog de apariencia solemne y seria, como indica su estándar, es también pesado, potente y de buena osamenta…
Su cabeza es pesada, ancha y fuerte y su cráneo es macizo y ligeramente redondeado. Sus ojos son ovalados y medianos, de tonalidad acorde al manto, aunque mejor cuanto más oscuros. Algo separados, cuentan con párpados bien adheridos que le confieren expresión digna.
Su nariz es ancha y su color depende también de la tonalidad del perro, si bien ha de ser lo más oscura posible y bien pigmentada. Su protuberancia occipital es bastante pronunciada y su depresión naso-frontal o stop está bien definido.
Su hocico es cuadrado y ancho. Sus mandíbulas son fuertes con una perfecta mordida de tijera, si bien se acepta igualmente la mordida en pinza. Sus labios están bien desarrollados y cubren la mandíbula superior.
Su cuello es fuerte, arqueado y bien musculoso y apenas debe tener papada. Sus orejas son triangulares, medianas, colgantes y caídas hacia adelante cuando el perro está en reposo. Cuando está alerta, las lleva levantadas. Su espalda es musculosa y recta. Su pecho es profundo y moderadamente amplio. Su cola, de inserción alta, es mediana-larga y la lleva enroscada hacia un lado, sobre la espalda.
Color y pelaje
Su asombroso pelaje está compuesto por pelo hirsuto y espeso, menos tupido en el caso de las hembras. La doble capa de pelo que exhibe el Dogo Tibetano le sirve para protegerse de las durísimas condiciones climatológicas del Tibet. While la capa externa es gruesa, áspera y de pelo no demasiado largo, la capa interna es lanosa y densa en la época fría, para convertirse en un pelo ralo cuando llega el calor.
El color de su pelaje es negro con marcas de fuego o sin ellas, azul con marcas de fuego o sin ellas, dorado o sable. Es aceptable una estrella blanca en el pecho y unas mínimas marcas blancas en los pies.
Si te llama la atención esta raza al punto de que estés pensando en convertir a uno de sus ejemplares en tu noble amigo canino, tienes que conocer de antemano que en España hay poquísimos Dogos del Tibet, lo que es algo que quizás hayas constatado, debido a que probablemente nunca te has cruzado con uno de ellos por la calle.
Ni que decir tiene que este perro no vas a poder adoptarlo porque no es un animal que encuentres en protectoras de animales ni instituciones similares, al ser prácticamente desconocido en nuestro país.
Aunque nadie duda que adoptar es la opción más aconsejada para hacerte con un animal, pues muchos de ellos resultan abandonados con el tiempo, como fruto de la irresponsabilidad de sus caprichosos dueños, en el caso del Mastín Tibetano sería bastante extraño que encontraras uno a tu disposición en esas circunstancias.
Queremos que conozcas un dato: el perro más caro del mundo es un Dogo del Tibet, una auténtica mole canina que parece valer “su peso en oro” ya que en el año 2014 uno de sus ejemplares se vendió por la friolera cantidad de ¡cerca de 2 millones de dólares!, lo que a nuestro entender supera toda la lógica.
Su compra se habría efectuado por un empresario chino cuya identidad se desconoce, probablemente relacionado con el mundo de la construcción, y que tendría la pretensión de dedicarse a la cría de estos perros en el futuro.
Como no podría ser de otra manera, en su momento trascendió que se trataba de un bellísimo ejemplar, inusual y del que se decía que por sus venas corría “sangre de leones”, lo que es más que cuestionable y probablemente responda a las técnicas de marketing que en su día rodearon a tan inusitada venta.
Todo un “lujo asiático”, que rezuma exclusividad por los cuatro costados y que revolucionó el mundo de las mascotas por lo desorbitado de sus cifras. No en vano, alrededor de esta fascinante especie canina parece haberse creado una auténtica “burbuja especulativa”, bastante indeseable si consideramos que de lo que estamos hablando no es de una mercadería “chic”, sino la vida de unos animales que no debieran ser objeto de millonarias transacciones económicas.
Evidentemente, esto no quiere decir que todos los perros de esta raza que muchos califican como de verdaderos “mitos vivientes”, dada su antigüedad y su carácter misterioso, casi místico, cuesten esta cifra, ni nada parecido, pero nos parece oportuno que estés al tanto de tal curiosidad.
Si hay un adjetivo para calificar a este sorprendente can es el de Independent, a la par que protector y leal con su familia humana de adopción. Sin ser un perro demasiado apegado, sí disfruta mucho de la compañía de sus familiares a los que protegerá a cualquier precio.
El que fuera el animal preferido de los lamas puede cambiar tu vida para bien, convirtiéndose en tu sombra protectora, si bien antes de tomar una decisión definitiva has de valorar si estás en condiciones de afrontar el importante desembolso económico que lleva aparejada la compra de un perro de gran tamaño.
Es importante que sepas que solo para alimentación deberás destinar una elevada cantidad de dinero todos los meses, pues un perro de este tamaño ingiere sacos de pienso a la velocidad del rayo.
Además, y a diferencia de otros perros muy grandes, el acicalamiento de este animal también es un aspecto a contemplar, pues su deslumbrante manto requiere para lucir como merece tanto de tu dedicación como de productos específicos que le saquen todo el partido posible, ya que si tienes un perro así de llamativo, vas a querer presumir de él.
Otra de las cuestiones que debes tomar en consideración es que este can precisa largos paseos y ejercicio cada día, por lo que deberás contar con tiempo suficiente para poder acompañarle.
Para que durante estos paseos todo transcurra con la normalidad debida, deberás someter a tu Mastín Tibetano desde cachorro a una intensa y adecuada socialización que le permita aceptar con naturalidad la cercanía de otras personas y animales a los que no debe considerar en ningún caso una amenaza.
Piensa que la educación de un animal de esta envergadura es toda una responsabilidad que recae sobre ti, pues al llevarle a vivir contigo cuando aún es solo un cachorro, le estás privando de la posibilidad de que aprenda por imitación de su familia biológica.
Relación con los niños
Amigable y dócil con los niños de la casa, desplegará con ellos todo su instinto protector, convirtiéndose en un buen compañero para ellos, aunque es muy recomendable la supervisión de los juegos entre este grandullón y los chiquitines de la casa por parte de un adulto, pues su desmesurado tamaño va a hacer que en más de una ocasión tus hijos acaben en el suelo.
Considerado como un perro stable, a menudo resulta más testarudo de lo que parece, rasgo que habrás de trabajar con él a nivel a fin de que matice esta conducta.
Ya hemos hecho mención a que enriquecer tu vida con la presencia de uno de estos sensacionales canes, tiene un precio. Piensa que no deberías plantearte su adopción a menos que cuentes con una casa amplia, dentro de la cual pueda moverse sin dificultad, pues a este perro le gusta incorporarse a la rutina del interior del hogar.
Además, dadas sus altas necesidades de ejercicio, que obedece a que este tipo de canes tienen que canalizar toda su energía, tu casa deberá contar también con un buen patio o jardín en el que pueda moverse a su antojo y en la que no sería descabellado que colocaras una gran caseta en la que pudiera guarecerse en aquellos ratos que le apetezca.
En cuanto a su cama, también deberá ser acorde a sus grandes dimensiones, debiendo disponer de un espacio dentro de la casa en la que colocarla sin que suponga un obstáculo para el resto de la familia.
Si además te planteas transportarlo en coche, tendrás que contar con un automóvil grande que además tenga un maletero espacioso. No olvides anclarle adecuadamente al asiento trasero para que no tenga acceso al conductor.
Ten mucho cuidado de no cometer el error de cuidar meticulosamente la apariencia de tu Dogo del Tibet, manteniendo resplandeciente su mano, pero de descuidar su higiene dental, pues un perro con una boca limpia tendrá muchas más posibilidades de estar sano que otro que no la tenga.
En contra de lo que muchos puedan pensar, la limpieza dental no solo evita enfermedades bucales sino también renales, hepáticas y hasta cardíacas, por lo que el cepillado dental periódico de tu mascota debe ser abordado desde cachorro como un hábito más de tu rutina diaria.
Bath and drying
La labor de bañar y secar a un perro gigante no es cuestión baladí. Meter en la bañera a un perro de tamaña envergadura al que además es posible que esta práctica desagrade, requiere destreza y grandes dosis de paciencia.
Si la situación te sobrepasa, siempre puedes acudir a un centro de estética canina en el que te devuelvan a un sedoso y perfumado perro que poco tenga que ver con el que les confiaste un rato antes.
Tendrás que cepillar y alisar el pelaje de tu Mastín Tibetano al menos 4 veces por semana, evitando la formación de nudos en el precioso manto de este peculiar perro.
Vaccines and antiparasitic treatments
Por muy grande que sea tu perro, el daño que pueden causar los diminutos virus y bacterias en su organismo puede llegar a ser gravísimo, por lo que atender adecuadamente a su vaccination schedule es una de las obligaciones que no puedes dejar de lado bajo ninguna circunstancia.
El denso pelaje del Dogo Tibetano se convertirá en objetivo principal de parásitos procedentes del exterior así como de otros perros, por lo que deberás tener la precaución de colocarle las pipetas o collares antiparásitos que el veterinario te recomiende, ya que si permites que estas formas de vida se cobijen en su gran cantidad de pelo, tu fiel amigo gigante podría salir muy perjudicado.
More common diseases
El Mastín Tibetano es un perro muy robusto que no es conocido por enfermedades específicas de la raza que sean graves, si bien pueden padecer algunas de las propias de los perros gigantes como la displasia de cadera, el hipotiroidismo, los problemas neurológicos y el entropión.
Como dato que indica lo primitivo de esta raza, queremos apuntar un rasgo que comparte con los lobos y es que las hembras solo tienen un celo al año, lo que las diferencia de las del resto de las razas caninas.
No olvides que es fundamental que tu mascota visite como mínimo una vez todos los años la consulta veterinaria, para que se le efectúe un buen chequeo a fondo que te permita tener la tranquilidad de que su salud está en buenas manos.
Convivir con un Dogo del Tibet supone que ambas partes tengáis claras las reglas del juego desde el primer momento. Tú deberás ser ese educador amable y considerado, pero al mismo tiempo firme y coherente, dando en todo momento muestras de la suficiente seguridad para que el animal te considere ese admirable líder alfa de la manada al que no le costará obedecer, pues contarás con todo su respeto.
Indudablemente un perro de este poderío físico no es un animal que esté hecho para cualquiera y mucho menos para dueños novatos atraídos únicamente por la excentricidad de contar con un perro único, con el que nunca llegarían a hacerse.
Piensa en el monumental lío en el que podrías meterte si no tienes experiencia previa con perros o si eres una persona a la que le resulta complicado el ejercicio de la autoridad. También tienes que reflexionar sobre si tienes la suficiente fuerza física para poder controlar a un perro como el Mastín Tibetano en caso de necesidad.
Parte de la base de que tendrás que pasear por la calle con un perro que además va a llamar la atención de todo aquel con el que te cruces y que no puedes permitir que se convierta en un verdadero “peligro en potencia” en plena vía pública. No pierdas de vista que podrías dar a alguien un susto colosal si tu perro reacciona de un modo agresivo ante la presencia de personas u otras mascotas.
En cuanto a la forma de adiestrarle, también tienes que tener prevista la posibilidad de que te hiciera falta ayuda profesional en caso de que tu forma de adiestrar a tu Mastín Tibetano no arrojara los resultados esperados.
En principio, si haces bien las cosas desde el mismo momento en que el cachorro llegue a tu casa y sabes mantener un “NO” a toda costa, educándole convenientemente en las normas básicas de obediencia, no habría razón para que tengas problemas, aunque lo cierto es que en esta raza, como en cualquier otra, puedes encontrar algún ejemplar con un comportamiento atípico, que sepa cómo ponerte las cosas especialmente difíciles.
Adiestra a tu Dogo Tibetano siempre en positivo pues está demostrado que los austeros y rígidos métodos de adiestramiento tradicionales, no lograban más que acrecentar la timidez de los perros, haciéndolos miedosos y huidizos. Como normal general, esto daba como resultado canes impredecibles que se volvían agresivos con más facilidad de la debida, tan pronto cómo se veían superados por cualquier situación.
En su lugar, deberás estimular a tu Mastín Tibetano con una serie de recompensas que sean de su agrado y que le haga querer repetir una y otra vez ese comportamiento que sabe que tú deseas y que tiene como contrapartida desde deliciosos snacks (teniendo cuidado de que el perro no engorde), hasta caricias, mimos, halagos y todo tipo de cariños que le reconforten al máximo.