There are two types of anemia in cats:
- Regenerative Anemia: It is the lightest, easy to treat and short-lived. The cat's bone marrow is still capable of generating red blood cells, but it has anemia because the rate of loss is greater than that of regeneration. That is, although it generates red blood cells, they are not enough.
- Non-regenerative anemia: The cat is no longer able to produce red blood cells, so the loss is much more serious and the treatment is longer and more complicated.
The main cause of Both types of anemia in cats are hemorrhages that cause a great loss of blood. Sometimes, these hemorrhages can be internal, caused by trauma, and are more complicated to detect. However, it is not the only cause, the inability to produce red blood cells can also be the result of a parasitic invasion, iron deficiency, feline leukemia, peritonitis, renal failures ...
Be very careful with anemia, It is important to detect it in time, because if it is serious it could kill your cat.
How anemia is detected in cats
Anemia in cats usually appears gradually, but it can also happen suddenly, this second case is more worrying, as it could be life-threatening.
The easiest way to detect feline anemia is to smell your breath. Anemia usually gives the cat a somewhat unpleasant and strange breath, in addition, its tongue and gums become quite pale. Since cats are excellent actors and masterfully conceal their diseases, Looking at your cat's mouth can help you a lot to know if it is anemic.
Symptoms of anemia in cats
Not only does your breath and the color of your mouth change, anemia in cats will also produce symptoms such as:
- Short and fast breathing, try to fight against the lack of oxygenation of the blood
- Tiredness and constant weaknessapparently unjustified
- Yellowish skin color
- Lack of appetite
- Rejection of the game and to exercise, just want to rest
If your cat has these symptoms, it is almost certainly in a state of anemia! In that case, you should go to the vet as soon as possible!
Treatment of anemia in cats
It is very urgent to treat it, you will probably have to have blood transfusions if the cause of the anemia has been hemorrhage. In the case of nutritional deficiencies, the appropriate changes in your diet will have to be made, as well as resorting to antiparasitic treatments if they have caused it.
Anemia in cats cannot be treated at home with natural remedies. The earlier you go to the clinic, the more likely your pet will survive.
Stay tuned for your cat's behavior to detect anemia! If it is progressive, at first the symptoms can be really subtle.
Many of the diseases that occur in humans also occur in pets. Anemia in cats is a disease that can be very common, however detecting it requires a thorough knowledge about the symptoms and behavior of our cat.
Anemia is a disease that attacks red blood cells that are responsible for transporting oxygen throughout the body, so the absence of these weakens the body, tissues and organs in general. The consequence of this disease is almost always death when it is not treated in time and in the right way.
Today in our article we will talk a little about the signs or symptoms of anemia in cats, so you can offer the right treatment once the disease is detected.
How to know if my cat has anemia ?: 5 warning signs
The causes for which this disease develops in our cats can be diverse. One of the most important is due to the absence of certain vitamins that the body does not produce and that it is not receiving either and that are responsible for the formation of red blood cells.
Iron, for example, and vitamin B12 are two of the many vitamins that are required for health. The absence or deficit in these vitamins, causes anemia in our cats.
Within the warning signs with which we can detect the anemia in cats, we found the following:
1. Recent surgeries: If your cat has gone through a recent surgery process in which he lost a lot of blood, it is most possible that as a result of this he may develop anemia. In this case, it is most likely that from the center where they have intervened the animal will give us indications about the care and feeding that we should give to our feline.
2. Lack of appetite: one of the symptoms that are more common in pets that have anemia is the loss of appetite. However, we should not confuse this symptom, since many other causes occur in the same way, such as the stress or another type of disease.
However, it is important to consider it to rule out anemia in cats.
3. Weight: Another warning sign about anemia is that our pets lose weight very quickly and for no apparent reason. Because of the anemia, the body is forced to use as much energy as possible so that the weight is lost very easily and the animal weakens rapidly.
4. Exhaustion or decay: exhaustion is also a clear alarm signal that something is wrong with our cat. In general, cats are lazy and have very long sleep episodes. However, if we detect an excess of fatigue and lack of physical activity in our pussy, let's get alert and if it lasts more than a couple of days it is essential that we take it to a veterinarian as soon as possible.
5. Presence of blood: blood in bowel movements may be a sign of other complications, however it also occurs in cats with anemia.
This is one of the most alarming signs we can see in our pet, so we should see a professional immediately.
The anemia in cats or in any other pet it is a symptom of disease and can lead the animal to certain death if it is not treated immediately since it is detected. If you have any of the symptoms described above, do not hesitate to take your pet to the veterinarian for a review.
How to know if my cat has anemia is a tip for Cats, and talks about Health and Hygiene.
Symptoms of iron deficiency in cats
Iron is necessary for the hemoglobin formation, a protein found in red blood cells and used to transport oxygen through the blood. For this reason, the symptoms of iron deficiency in cats are typical of anemia in these animals.
In these cases, you can see a progressive feeling tired, in the animal, which tends to start as a lack of desire to play and end in lethargy. Another symptom that may appear are the pica, that is, the need to ingest substances that are not food, such as garbage or feces.
But the most representative sign of anemia, and one of the easiest to detect is the pale mucous membranes. The paleness of mucous membranes can be easily observed by looking at the gums of the cat, which, in cases of anemia, will look whitish rather than flushed. Look at the image that we show you below.
If these symptoms are detected, it is recommended visit a veterinarian to diagnose the process that causes them.
A poorly compensated food It can cause iron deficiency in cats. This is extremely rare in animals that consume commercial diets either based on dry feed or wet food (cans), but can occur in cats fed on homemade diets.
Therefore, if you have decided to leave the feed and opt for a homemade diet, we advise you to go to a veterinarian to advise you and carry out a analytical routine to help you prevent any health problems in your cat.
Also, in most cases of anemia, a good iron supply in food it is a great help to improve the situation. The blood losses, whether due to internal hemorrhages (such as those caused by ulcers, the rupture of an organ, or certain types of cancer) or external (typical case of wounds), cause anemia.
When this happens, in general, the animal's organism tries to correct the situation, creating more red blood cells, for which need iron, with what an extra contribution or a supplement It can be a great help.
Also, some parasites such as fleas or certain intestinal worms are capable of causing a state of anemia, and iron supply is also helpful in these cases.
Iron-rich cat foods
Fortunately, there are many iron-rich foods that can be offered to cats. Usually, the most appropriate is to provide nutritional supplements for animals rich in this nutrient, available in veterinary centers and specialty stores.
In addition, there are some specific feed for cats with anemia, useful for animals with a lack of iron. However, it is possible to find iron-rich foods that can be used with good results, such as those reviewed below:
- Red meat: a good option, it is usually rich in iron and is appropriate food for cats. In any case, the sanitary risks that raw meat can carry, especially if it is not fresh and of first quality, make it advisable to cook it minimally before.
- Fish: food very rich in iron too, and very well accepted by cats. In addition to health issues, it is advisable to cook it since raw contains thiamines, substances harmful to the cat.
- Liver: one of the best known and most advisable iron-rich foods. Nor should it be crude.
- Also the green leafy vegetables and some cereals, especially the integral ones, contain iron in an interesting amount, but they seem more suitable for the characteristics of the animal, fundamentally carnivorous.
It should be remembered that, although iron supplementation in the diet is very effective, in cases of anemia the iron-rich diet for several months.
In addition, if the cause of iron deficiency is not an unbalanced diet, but some type of anemia, it is necessary to end the disease that causes it first, otherwise the problem will not be resolved. For this it is necessary visit a veterinarian if we detect any symptoms of anemia in the cat, as we have said.
If you want to read more articles similar to Iron-rich cat foods, we recommend that you enter our section on feeding problems.
Causes of anemia in cats
Your cat can have it for several reasons, from an inadequate feeding for cats, in which essential vitamins and minerals such as iron are missing, to the presence of external parasites in cats, fleas or lice, or internal, such as mycoplasma haemophilus, which can be contracted by the bite or scratch of another cat.
Symptoms of anemia in your cat
There are some symptoms that warn of the possibility that your cat has anemia and to which you should not hesitate to consult the veterinarian.
- The most obvious and easy to see is the general state of your pet. A shabby cat, who does not want to play and has lost his appetite ... something happens to him and it may be anemia.
- Together with the above, the weakness and lack of energy is another of the clearest symptoms.
- Weightloss. If your cat loses weight without cause, the cause may be anemia.
- The breathing difficulties and beats stronger than normal and irregular rhythm are also possible indicators.
- Look at the stool, because in some cases of anemia they have hidden blood.
- Sometimes a cat with anemia can have the tongue and jawsespecially pale, lacking their normal reddish color.
How to treat anemia in cats
Fortunately, anemia, detected in time and confirmed by the corresponding blood test, is solved with proper treatment. If your cat, for some reason such as internal or external bleeding, has lost a lot of blood, you may need, as a first step, a transfusion. In mild cases, it will only be necessary to modify your diet to provide you with the missing nutrients and, perhaps, reinforce it with some supplement based on minerals and vitamins. Remember that anemia can mask other diseases such as feline leukemia virus, cancer or kidney failure.
What is anemia?
The term anemia means medically lack of any element in the blood and it is a disease that we can also suffer from human beings. There are two types of anemia that can affect our feline.
When we talk about anemia in cats, this condition is defined by a decreased number of Red blood cells in the blood, these cells being the cells responsible for transporting oxygen to nourish the tissues and carbon dioxide until it is eliminated through breathing.
As we will see below, anemia can be caused by many factors, but all of them will result in a decrease in red blood cells and hemoglobin, which is the pigment responsible for oxygen uptake and transport.
Causes of anemia in cats
Between the main causes of anemia in cats We must highlight the following:
- Blood loss from external or internal hemorrhage
- Autoimmune disease
- Viral infection
- Renal disease
- Adverse drug reaction
How is anemia diagnosed in cats?
To diagnose anemia in cats, we mainly have two analytical tests that are performed through a blood draw and subsequent study of this sample:
- Hematocrit: It will indicate the volume of red blood cells present in the cat's blood, determining if this range is normal or if on the contrary it corresponds to a state of anemia:
- Blood count: Also known as a complete blood count, this test gives us information about all the elements of the blood, red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets.
Obviously it is not enough to diagnose anemia but it will be a priority to establish the causeFor this, the veterinarian will take into account the patient's medical history, all the symptoms he presents, will perform a complete physical examination and should also rule out the presence of viral diseases such as leukemia.
Can anemia be prevented in cats?
Some of the causes of anemia are unpredictable and its prevention can be difficult, however, if we can employ several measures that help us to maintain the welfare of our cat and to prevent this disease as much as possible:
- Try to keep your cat inside the home to avoid the transmission of infectious diseases, if your cat has contact with the outside, check with your veterinarian which vaccines are suitable for the prevention of these diseases
- Smash your cat frequently
- Try to keep your cat healthy and balanced and stay alert for any change in habits
This article is purely informative, at ExpertAnimal.com we have no power to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any kind of diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the veterinarian in case he presents any type of condition or discomfort.
If you want to read more articles similar to Anemia in cats - Symptoms and treatment, we recommend that you enter our section of cardiovascular diseases.