If spring is coming and your cat starts to behave strangely, everything indicates that she might be in heat. These are some symptoms:

If lately you are noticing strange behavior in your cat, since she is more affectionate than normal and meats in a very strong way, do not worry, surely nothing dangerous happens, has simply gone into heat. Here we explain what a cat's zeal consists of and list its main symptoms.

When does a cat get into heat?

The zeal, also called estrus is a period of the sexual cycle of animals that promotes reproduction. It usually affects females moreIn this case, cats, therefore, becomes the only period in which they allow and seek intercourse with the male. Like the rest of mammals, the zeal reaches the cats when they reach puberty, that is, when they begin to be fertile and are prepared for reproduction.

Although the first heat does not always reach the same age in all specimens, it is normal for this animal to enter estrus between 6 and 9 months of life. This will depend on your weight and the breed of the cat. These mammals must have a minimum weight to enter into heat and for example Siamese are earlier than Persian cats. There are also other external factors that influence the cat's heat, such as light and closeness to the male. Thus, the most frequent time is usually in spring. Although sometimes, if a cat lives in a house with heating and artificial light it may be in heat even in winter. Females wake up sexually before males.

Periods of a cat's heat

The cat can have several jealousy a year with an interval of 2 to 3 weeks. The zeal of the cat is divided into five periods:

- Proestro: Start of ovulation. In this phase the cat shows the behaviors of heat, wants to attract the male but does not allow himself to be mounted. It lasts 1 or 2 days.

- Oestrus: This phase is what is known as true zeal. The animal is allowed to ride by the male. The symptoms of heat such as meowing and scrubbing become more evident. It lasts between 3 and 14 days, but on average one week.

-Interesting: If ovulation does not occur, there is a space between two jealousy that lasts between 3 days and two weeks. This is why jealousy is so annoying, since there are animals that are practically in heat all year long.

- Right handed: If there is ovulation but the cat does not get pregnant, the uterus prepares for a possible pregnancy. It lasts about a month and is also known as "false pregnancy." Later, the animal could go back into proestro, it depends on the time of the year and the hours of light.

- Anestro: In this phase the mammal rests.

Symptoms of cat's heat

When this animal is prepared for reproduction it has strong behavioral changes:

They become more affectionate: The cats that go into heat become much more cuddly than normal. When this animal goes into heat it is strongly restricted with its owner and seeks at all times contact with him and his caresses. This occurs even with cats that are normally arisca.

Riding position: It is possible that by stroking a cat in heat it acquires the position of intercourse better known as "lordosis". To carry it out they sink the spine and deviate the tail laterally.

They roll on the ground: When this animal goes into heat, it usually throws itself on the floor and rolls and rolls on the carpet.

Maullan very strong: This is the main symptom that a cat has entered into heat. His meows become much louder and sharper. These types of meows are more a kind of crying or whining that try to get the attention of the males. They tend to meow more during the night. Is very annoying.

Escape attempts: When a cat is in heat you have to pay attention and avoid leaving doors and windows open as the cat could escape. In this case, you will probably not return or come back pregnant.

Loss of appetite: This does not happen to all cats but some may lose their appetite or eat less.

He licks his genitals: Another sign that a kitten has gone into heat will be licking the genitals a lot, and they will be more swollen because they are inflamed.

Your urine smells stronger: When a cat goes into heat the chemical composition of its urine changes and smells much stronger, as if it were ammonia. Some also urinate outside the sandbox to mark the house with its pheromones. This smell serves to make the male alert that a female is close and willing to copulate. Unlike bitches, cats don't bleed.

Zeal in male cats: Males like females will mark the house with urine. If they hear the meow of a female they will try to escape by all means of home and they can become very aggressive even fighting with other cats

What can you do?

There is a false belief that states that it is necessary for the cat to breed at least once in her life, however this is totally false. The mammal can develop perfectly without getting pregnant and it has even been shown that early castration decreases the risk of suffering from breast tumors as an adult. Therefore the best option to end the discomfort of a cat's heat is sterilization. There are also a kind of pills to stop the heat in cats but they are not very recommended since they can harm the animal and can have very negative side effects. If on the contrary you want the cat to breed, you have to wait for it to finish growing. It is recommended to let several jealousy pass until you have approximately a year and a half to manage without having any health problems.


María José says

Hello, is it normal for my 8 month old kitten to pee less and more times ... and when she leaves the sandbox, she doesn't bury her pee and directly licks her genitals? How do I know that it is not cystitis. thank you!!

My kitten is 19 months old and has never manifested symptoms of zeal. What will it be?

thanks, my cat helped me a lot, don't stop bothering my friend's

What is zeal?

Zeal is the phase in which our pets are more receptive to copulation in order to reproduce. Reference is made to cats when talking about heat and it is the period of time in which they are fertile. "The females go into heat between four and twelve months," explains veterinarian Ana Anglada, a specialist in feline medicine at AnagaVets, in Madrid. But there are some peculiarities. "Those with short hair, such as Siamese, tend to do so before, while those with long hair can take up to 18 months," he says.

As in our sexual cycle, there are several phases: proestro, estrus, right handed, anestro.

Proestro It lasts about three or four days. During this stage, the cat will be more affectionate, look for pampering, but will not let any male mount it.

Estro or zeal. This is the stage where you can get pregnant. You will recognize that it is in it because the above mentioned symptoms will accentuate. In addition, it will rub between the legs, objects, roll on the ground, meow and increase the sounds, its body will bend slightly (lordosis) and keep the tail tilted to discover the vulvar orifice. There are cats that can even pee more, eliminating pheromones by doing so. This stage lasts about 7 days.

Keep in mind that a cat can become pregnant from the second day of heat. Our little hairy "have induced ovulation, that is, they need stimulation during intercourse so that a series of hormones are released and ovulation occurs. But it has even been seen that there may be spontaneous ovulation in the case of colonies in the that the male is in relation to the females but the riding is not allowed (for example in hatcheries.) To become pregnant, generally, they need between three or four mounts for a period of 24 hours for ovulation to occur, so different males can be the parents of a litter (if the cat has been ridden by different cats during that period), "adds the specialist.

Right handed. If the cat has been pregnant, it will enter a gestation period that will last about 60 days.

Anestro If the riding does not occur, they stop showing signs of heat and spend a period of inactivity of between one and two weeks, until they show signs of heat again. This cycle lasts between one and three weeks weeks and is repeated during the breeding period.

This is very influenced by environmental conditions. "The cats are 'seasonal poliestrics', that is, they may have several jealousy during the breeding season and this will be influenced by light. For example, they usually go into heat when there is between 14 and 16 hours of light (either artificial or natural) In our area (northern hemisphere) this is usually from mid-January to mid-October. Cats that live exclusively inside the houses can show signs of zeal throughout the year, "explains the veterinarian.

Male cats, on the other hand, do not have zeal proper, since they feel the urge to procreate throughout the year, as long as the cats are receptive and willing to be mounted.

Can you avoid jealousy?

The only way to avoid the zeal of cats is the sterilization. In fact, it is a measure recommended by veterinarians, since in this way unnecessary litters and overpopulation of uncontrolled cat colonies are avoided, which obviously pose a danger to the health and survival of these small cats.

"Formerly, pills or injections were used to inhibit heat, but it has been shown that the use of these contraceptives favors the appearance of breast tumors, which in cats are malignant in a very high percentage, so today they are used it is contraindicated, "clarifies the expert.

The sterilization of the cat is a relatively simple operation that is performed under general anesthesia. Previously, a preoperative will have been performed with a blood test, echocardiogram and, sometimes, a chest x-ray to know the animal's state of health.

What is sterilization?

The Sterilization in females not only prevents the appearance of heat, but it has also been shown that if it is done early it reduces breast cancer by almost 100% (We have already said that they are very aggressive and mostly malignant and tend to metastasize). In the case of the males, we will avoid marking at home (in addition, the pee of unmastered male has a much stronger smell), that they escape and we can have scares of outrages, falls from the windows, or fights.

In the case of males remove the testicles (orchidectomy), and in females, only ovaries (ovariectomy) can be removed, or ovaries and uterus (ovariohysterectomy) may be chosen. "Until recently, the latter was recommended. But, recently, studies have appeared that could favor the first, ovariectomy, since it is being seen that there is no difference. Even so, I prefer not to give an opinion until we review the evidence completely medical, "says the veterinarian.

The sterilization operation can be performed by open surgery (the traditional one) or by laparoscopy. "Our experience makes us lean towards this technique, since it allows us to have smaller surgical incisions. This reduces pain during surgery and surgical time. In addition, being able to visualize the interior with increases, the intervention is simpler," he concludes. Ana Anglada

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