Like horses, rabbits' teeth have evolved to grind fibrous and resistant plant matter, such as leaves, herbs, stems and twigs. This need>dental care of rabbits You must be scrupulous.
Most people know that rabbits have two sets of large incisors used to collect, nibble and cut plant matter. But Did you know that they also have smaller incisors just behind the front teeth? And that they have a set of 22 upper and lower cheeks to break the food into smaller pieces?
Rabbit teeth are from open roots, which means that they grow continuously throughout their lives. This is a process just like the nails of human beings. For this reason, they need a high fiber diet with a lot of hay. Problems with a rabbit's teeth will cause pain and discomfort and early identification is essential.
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Rabbits dental care
A rabbit whose diet lacks sufficient high quality fibrous material, such as those from a pellet-only program, won't wear your teeth enough. This makes dental problems inevitable. This is why it is essential that your pet's diet satisfy their dental needs.
When the teeth are underused, the upper part of the tooth (the crown) It wears unevenly. This causes him to meet his opposite abnormally. This can lead to the development of sharp edges or "spurs" They can cut the cheek or tongue. And this is usually very painful.
These lesions can, in turn, become infected, causing tissue abscesses> very painful and can cause infection of the jaw bone, a serious and life-threatening condition.
Once a rabbit has suffered a malocclusion It is unlikely that you will ever recover full dental health. They usually require close monitoring and frequent visits to the veterinarian to check the condition of your teeth and mouth.
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How to feed for proper dental care of rabbits
We must take our rabbit at least twice a year for a dental checkup. In addition to add a lot of high quality fiber in the diet. These are the keys to the dental care of rabbits.
The hay (of the best quality you can afford) is the most important element of your rabbit's diet. Not only because it maintains intestinal function, but because it requires a good dose of chewing. And this is the best for your pet's teeth!
Experts also suggest offer a mix of different hay. This will provide not only variety for the rabbit, but also a variation in the textures that again, is excellent for the teeth. As the chewing mechanics for each type will be different, this will mean more tooth action and wear.
Limit the amount of pellets What you offer will also encourage your pet to fill with hay and this will keep those teeth working.
It is also useful to offer your rabbit hard and fibrous tree branches as well as smaller leaves and branches. It is important to make sure you collect these from trees and shrubs safe for rabbits. This means that they have not been chemically treated with fertilizers, pesticides or herbicides.
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How do I know that my rabbit has bad teeth?
In this situation your pet ...
- Grinds teeth
- Holds food in the mouth with some difficulty
- He behaves as if he was hungry but does not eat
- Drink more than usual
- Their eyes have too many tears and are bulging (given the pressure the problem exerts on them)
How to prevent your rabbit from suffering dental problems
- Check your mouth once every two weeks, holding it firmly and separating your lips as in the image above. Check that your teeth are correctly aligned, that there are no breaks and that there is no problem with gums (bleeding, redness ...).
- Feed your rabbit with good quality hay, high in fiber.
- Observe their eating habits often, so that if there is a problem you can take it to the veterinarian on time.
- Get used to taking your rabbit to the vet from time to time, even if you do all this. What better than a specialist to check the good condition of your teeth, you also go to the dentist to check yours.
- Include in your diet fruits such as apples, kiwis, pears and mangoes (without abusing its high sugar content) and vegetables such as chard, endive, cucumber or artichoke.
In case your little one already has a dental disease, the veterinarian will apply the treatment that he considers, which in the case of the malocclusion mentioned above, consists of anesthetizing the animal to trim the affected teeth and eliminate the points that can be sharp in the gums
Some treats that can help in the dental care of rabbits include:
Fresh or dried branches. These branches can be fed fresh or dried and can be maple, pink or pine. The branches must be dry and can also consume the leaves. Another thing you can give them is Dandelion. Both stems and leaves can be given fresh.
What should you observe for good dental care of rabbits?
- It is important that you develop a routine of check your rabbit's teeth with regular> You must pay attention!
In nature, rabbits are prey animals. They are always in danger of being eaten. So hiding pain and illness is a strategy that they have developed over time to avoid being easy prey for predators.
A rabbit that shows calm not always It is a sign of perfect health. This attitude in the wild is used to show robust health as they disguise their pain in the same way as their wild cousins.
This is why it is up to you as the owner monitor closely to your animal This will allow you to act quickly if even the slightest change in behavior or condition is observed.
Unfortunately, many dental problems can be hidden for long periods before your pet shows any symptoms. It is possible for a rabbit to suffer with a abscess huge or have your tongue almost amputated for a long time before it shows any signs of illness.
Small as they are, rabbits are hard and cannot tell if they are feeling any discomfort or pain. That is why It is your job to ensure that the right foods are available. In addition to closely monitoring your dental health and addressing any problems as soon as possible.
The Cu> Maintain your health. Do not forget to make constant checks and take your pet to the veterinarian to check his teeth.