Infection of the uterus in the dog: symptoms and prevention


I have a female dog, a cocker is 12 years old and she never gave birth about three months ago. She started bleeding from the vagina and we thought it was jealousy but since then she has not stopped bleeding even throws black pieces. It is red blood and will tell me that because I have not taken it to the vet well I have a very serious situation at home we are 4 people all without work I only charge 426 euros that my husband has left, my family helps me with the food in order that I can not Take her anywhere. Nor pay the visit and less a treatment or operation but I do not want to suffer it makes me very sad to see it that way. The dog is worse walking and for three days that she does not eat today we have given her sweet ham and if she has eaten it but she is very weak my question is if please can you tell me any medicine to cut the bleeding since rule does not is. And if I can give you iron pills then losing so much blood must have anemia .. I have the ferogradumet

3 Answers

Last week I entered this site because my dog ​​Pixie, a 14-year-old poodle toy had been bleeding from the vagina for 3 days and read all the interesting comments from doctors and people worried about what was happening to her dogs. On the 3rd. Day the bleeding increased, I called the vet (who is a super doctor, very human) and my husband I worried we went to the consultation. They performed an ultrasound and turned out to be a pyrometer and said it had to be operated immediately, the next day. That's how it was and everything went well, he showed us photos of how horrible his uterus was, poor thing. He sent antibiotic treatment of amoxicillin and merthiolate in the wounds for 10 days. The next day the dog walked perfectly, no longer bled, sleeping and eating normally and urinating and defecating also very normal, and in a very good mood (although giving the antibiotic was something like a pitched battle). Today they took the points and discharged her. The doctor said she was very well and also very well taken care of.

I comment this with details because the day I read the comments I read the anguish that people had and it was that I was the same, so I really intend to convey tranquility telling them that mine went well taking into account that he is 14 years old.

Hello, sorry how often you gave him the hematoxylin, my dog ​​is bleeding I thought it was his period but no, he is weak, does not want to eat and it makes me want to see her like this - Jaquelin Regalado

Comment deleted by the author - Maricarmen Varela Padilla

Thank you very much for sharing this experience, I think my dog ​​is going through the same thing - ivonne pinzon

Infection in the womb of the dog, a dangerous disease

Infection of the uterus of the dog or pyrethrum is an infectious disease, characterized by the presence of pus in the uterus. This pathology has its origin in hormonal disorders that cause the canine female uterus Be less resistant to infections.

The bacteria penetrate the uterus when the neck opens during the heat of the dog and that is when the infection occurs. If the cervix closes after canine infection, a large volume of pus accumulates causing the pyrethrum (bag of pus).

But, Is uterine infection common in female dogs? A veterinary clinic with 5,000 clients can attend between two and three pyrometers per month. According to Imanol Sagarzazu, a veterinarian, "since the number of sterile bitches has increased, the number of uterine infections has decreased proportionally."

Uterus infections in female dogs - and in cats - occur more commonly in older females and are caused by hormonal alterations. According to Ana Cameno, a veterinarian, "treatments that inhibit the dog's heat can cause a hormonal imbalance that can be a risk factor that triggers uterine infections."

Uterine infection of the dog, signs

The symptoms of the uterine infection of the dog appear between three and six weeks after the heat. Each dog has different symptoms, but it is common for the female to show decay, have secretion of pus through the vagina, drink a lot of water and urinate very regularly. Dehydration, loss of appetite, fever and vomiting are also common.

The pyrethrum is a serious infection, which can affect other organs of the female and cause kidney problems, liver disorders, peritonitis (inflammation of the membrane that covers the abdominal cavity), due to toxins that are released into the blood by the infection uterine

Infection of the uterus in the dog, how to recognize it?

Against symptoms such as secretion of purulent vaginal fluid or increased thirst and loss of appetite in the dog, it is recommended go to the vet without delay. The pyrometer is a pathology of the female reproductive system whose healing depends largely on how soon it is diagnosed and treated.

Veterinarians who have a patient with uterine infection carry out tests to diagnose and assess the general condition of the animal. For this they usually do: blood test of the female can, to know the number of red blood cells in the blood of the sick dog and the state in which her kidneys are. Also, abdominal radiographs and ultrasound of the genital apparatus are performed.

Pus in the uterus in the bitch, prevention

The most effective way to prevent pymeters in the canine female is through sterilization or ovariohysterectomy (removal of ovaries and uterus). If this surgery is also performed at an early age, before the second heat, breast tumors are also prevented in the dog.

Medications or treatments that help prevent uterine infections in females are non-existent. As for the Hormonal treatments that prevent zeal in bitches turns out to be a risk factor for the onset of uterine infections.

The surgical intervention of the female to remove the ovaries and the uterus, as well as early diagnosis and treatment are the best way to fight this disease that can put the animal's life at risk.

Infection of uterus in female dogs: treatment

Infection of the uterus in the dog is prevented by sterilization

Almost all cases of pyrometer or uterine infection of the dog require surgery called ovariohysterectomy, which involves the removal of the ovaries and the canine uterus. There are cases in which before the surgery it is necessary to treat the dog with antibiotics to reduce the infection.

According to Cameno, "before operating the dog you have to stabilize your situation in case the renal function is altered and the blood intoxicated by the infection, but the surgical intervention can not take long, because the dog can die if you do not act with speed".

The Surgical operation to clean up the dog's uterine infection can be successful, but there are cases in which the dog dies hours after the operation, the veterinarian warns. Therefore, it is essential to treat the female when the disease is not in a very advanced state.

The use of medical treatment (without surgery) is possible only on very special and specific occasions, and must be assessed with great caution by the veterinarian.

Uterine infections of the dog: two keys

The pyrometer can be of two types: open or closed. In the first case it is less serious because the purulent secretion is expelled through the vagina and does not accumulate inside, with the consequent risk of causing a more serious infection.

In the second case, the pus is trapped inside the uterus and forms a large bag, which can infect the dog's blood and cause kidney and liver disorders.

A bag of uterine pus in the dog can reach the size of a melon in a female of medium or large size, such as the boxer.

The zeal of the bitches

The first explanation for why my dog ​​bleeds from the vulva is jealousy. Female dogs have a reproductive cycle that can be divided into four phases. In one of them, the proestro, is where causes bleeding from the vulva, which can last even a couple of weeks, is accompanied by an inflammation of the genitals and, towards the end of the period, the dog attracts the males and is going to find receptive to the mount (estrus).

The heat begins in the dogs at 6-8 months of age, being able to manifest themselves before in dogs of smaller breeds and rather later in the breeds of a larger size. We must also know that the zeal usually repeated a couple of times a year, that is, approximately every 6 months, although in younger females, up to two years of age on average, irregularities may appear in the cycle so that this is repeated at greater or lesser intervals without assuming any pathology. Generally these alterations are solved in the following jealousy without the need for any intervention. Therefore, in a healthy dog ​​with these characteristics and with a symptomatology like the one we are referring to, it is more than likely that she will bleed from the vulva simply because she is in her period of heat.

An interesting note: if our bitch bleeds from the vulva and is sterilized it could also be zeal if we were faced with a case of ovarian remainder or remnant, although it will be the veterinarian who must issue a diagnosis after ruling out diseases such as those described below.

My dog ​​bleeds without being in heat, why?

You can explain why a dog bleeds from the vulva without being in heat if have an infection in the uterus, technically known as a pyrometer. It has two ways of manifesting itself, which are known as an open neck pyrethrum or a closed neck pyrethrum. It is in the first type in which the secretions produced in the uterus go outside when the cervix or cervix is ​​open. In addition to bleeding from the vulva it is possible that our dog presents another symptomatology such as increased water intake, fever, lower belly pain, etc. It requires veterinary attention and the removal of the uterus is recommended, since it is usually an infection that is repeated after successive jealousy.

My bitch is pregnant and bleeds

Bleeding may have another cause if our dog is pregnant. If the emission of blood by the vulva occurs during pregnancy can indicate problems as serious as an abortion, so we must go without delay to our veterinarian. On the contrary, if our dog is in the final stretch of pregnancy a slight bleeding from the vulva, accompanied by flow and mucus, may indicate that childbirth time is approaching. During its development, we can see some slight bleeding, which is normal as long as it is not an excessive amount, which will be a reason for veterinary consultation.

My dog ​​bleeds from the vulva after giving birth

Once the delivery is finished, It is normal that bleeding from the vulva occurs. They are the secretions known as loquios, which must be sent over the days. If they stay, smell bad or the dog has a fever or is dejected, we should consult our veterinarian. Also, now that you know why your pregnant bitch drips blood, do not forget to consult the article on "Problems in the delivery of the most common bitch" to go to the clinic for any sign.

Bleeding from urine infection

Sometimes, the origin of the blood is not in the reproductive system but in the urinary. Why our dog bleeds from her parts could be due to a urine infection. In this case the bleeding would be of low intensity and we could observe only a few drops at the beginning or at the end of urination. Our dog will have more symptoms such as effort to urinate, increased frequency of doing so even if only a few drops, pain, etc. are eliminated. It requires veterinary treatment and can be diagnosed by analyzing a urine sample that we can try to collect ourselves using a glass for it, which we can acquire at any pharmacy. If not possible, the veterinarian should take care of it. The treatment usually consists of antibiotic administration. For more information, do not miss our article on "Symptoms, causes and treatment of urine infection in dogs".

Other causes of bleeding in female dogs

Finally, if the above causes have been ruled out, it is possible that your dog will bleed through the vulva due to some neoplasia (tumor) in the vaginal-vulvar area, that is, a lump that grows and causes bleeding. This lump sometimes becomes so large that it collapses and can be visible outside. It occurs more frequently in older and whole females, although this does not mean that it cannot affect younger bitches. Sometimes, the neoplasms are accompanied by frequent urination, constant licking of the area or inflammation. In these cases, removal is usually recommended.

This article is purely informative, at we have no power to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any kind of diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the veterinarian in case he presents any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Why does my dog ​​bleed from the vulva?, we recommend that you enter our Diseases section of the reproductive system.

Signs that indicate menstruation in female dogs

Keep a close eye on your pet, especially to protect it from unwanted reproduction. Males can detect the smell of the dog in heat and will do everything possible to find it. Also, remember: a dog is mature for mating from 4 months onwards.

Have extra patience and be gentle with your pet: Make love and protect her.

Avoid bathing your dog until the bleeding stops completely: This reduces the likelihood of a vaginal infection.

Control your pet from getting brucellosis: This disease is a bacterial infection that is transmitted sexually. It can cause the abortion of the young and infertility in both sexes. It is fought with antibiotics, dogs, to avoid contagion, must be neutered.

On the other hand, In case you want to cross your dog, you should go to your veterinarian. He will perform a vaginal cytology or a serum progesterone test to determine if your pet is currently ovulating.

Finally, if you want to eliminate any possibility that your pet ever has a litter, Ask your veterinarian what is the best method to sterilize it. That way, you won't have to deal with their zeal and avoid overpopulation of animals.