How to feed your dog based on its breed and age
The feeding is one of the variables on which the health of our dog will depend. If the guideline responsible for providing energy and nutrients to our friend is not correct, we cannot expect your v>
Know your options to feed your dog
Opting for wet or dry food is really a matter of personal preferences, both yours and your dog. A mixture of wet and dry food is good for your teeth and it can be useful for your dog to get used to both textures in case you need to change your diet at some point. Like humans, dogs have their likes and dislikes, so you will have to try until you find the formula you like best.
Regardless of the formula chosen, you will see that any complete and good quality adult dog food will provide your dog with a basic nutritional balance.
If your dog has a special health problem, such as skin or stomach tenderness, ask your veterinarian for information on special foods for adult dogs.
Once you have found the right food for your dog, you will no longer have to change your diet until you start getting older, around 6 or 7 years old. Find out how to feed your adult dog ..
Always monitor your fitness with your dog's dog fitness tool, since weight gain or loss may be an indication that your diet needs to be readjusted.
Food products for adult dogs
There is a wide range of nutritionally balanced adult dog food on the market and designed for the specific needs of your four-legged friend. So, you have a lot to choose from when deciding what to feed your dog.
Race, size, age, lifestyle and health status can make a big difference:
- Smaller breeds have a faster metabolism, that is, they burn energy at a much faster rate. Depending on their physical form and their degree of activity, some may need twice daily calories than other larger breeds. The best food formulas for small dogs contain additional proteins and are rich in fats and carbohydrates to provide them with the extra energy boost they need. In addition, they are presented in smaller sizes to also fit the size of their mouths and stomachs.
- Larger breeds may have slower metabolisms, but without a doubt, their appetite is greater! Formulas prepared specifically for large breeds have larger and more satisfying snacks that encourage large dogs to chew more, instead of swallowing their food. A lower fat content and a higher concentration of protein helps control weight gain, minimizing its impact on joints and vital organs, as well as glucosamine to strengthen joints.
- If your dog is very active or is a working dog, you can opt for a specialized meal suitable for your "active" lifestyle. This will provide you with greater amounts of fats, proteins and vitamins, such as vitamin B12, to help you transform food into energy. Vitamin E can also help your tired muscles recover more effectively after periods of strenuous exercise.
- It is often recommended to give good quality puppy food back to pregnant dogs to provide them with the extra calories and higher amounts of other essential nutrients they need. Find out how to feed your dog during pregnancy.
- Less active dogs need less fat, so feeding them with a "light" formula can help them avoid weight gain.
- Some dogs may develop sensitivity to some food groups, or suffer from medical problems that require a special diet. The veterinarian can recommend a diet suitable for the needs of your dog.
If you are not sure what is the right diet for your dog, do not hesitate to ask your veterinarian or a veterinary nurse.
How to feed your dog
Our Pet Services team usually receives the following question: "How often should I feed my dog?" Depending on the breed, we usually recommend once or twice a day. If your dog is small, his belly will be too and he may need to feed more frequently. Similarly, larger breeds, which have a tendency to swallow food, can benefit from two smaller meals, rather than a large one. Gobble up a lot of food at once can cause intestinal problems.
If you are not sure how often you should feed your dog, do not hesitate to ask your veterinarian.
Feed your dog in a quiet place away from the noise and bustle of domestic life. Always serve the dog's food on a clean plate and place it on an easy to clean surface, such as a tiled floor. If you see that your dog's plate slides on the floor, use a non-slip plate or put a rubber mat under the plate.
Dogs that devour food could benefit from a special anti-glutton dish whose form forces them to eat more slowly, while older dogs (who put everything lost when eating) will prefer an elevated feeder.
If you have more than one dog at home, feed them at the same time but separately so they don't bother or fight.
When feeding your dog, try to serve the wet food (cans / cans / bags) at room temperature, since its smell is more attractive and is easier to digest. To do this, remove them from the refrigerator at least one hour before serving. You can use the microwave to temper them a little, but always without letting them heat up.
Wet foods spoil quickly, so you should not leave them uncovered. Once opened, do not store wet food for more than 24 hours, even if it is in the fridge.
Dry food, on the other hand, can be left out all day without spoiling it. Store it in a dry and clean environment, preferably in an airtight container or in a closed box, to maintain its aroma and prevent it from spoiling.
Most dogs like the crunch of dry food, but if your pet prefers its slightly damp food, or if there is a medical problem that recommends avoiding hard food, soak the food in water for up to 30 minutes before of serving it Dry croquettes help eliminate plaque, so if you add water to dry food, it is recommended that you supplement your usual diet with a dental treat. Remember that regular brushing is the best way to avoid canine dental diseases.
Which option is better?
"The trigger for these sensitivities [in pets] is the carbohydrate, gluten and chemical aggregates that commercial foods bring," BarfChile's medical director, Christian Vergara, tells BBC Mundo about the case of the dog Miguel who kept on scratch.
Vergara, an international speaker of the BARF diet, states bluntly that "the ideal is that a pet, be it a dog or a cat, Do not feed on croquettes because their nature is not prepared for that kind of food, dry, sterile. "
This expert thinks that the only advantage of processed food is "comfort" for the user. "A highly processed food damages the intestinal microbiota [. ] compromising the immune system and intestine walls, leading to diseases such as diabetes or obesity. "
On the benefits of the BARF diet, Vergara identifies an increase in the quality of the pet's coat, the stimulation of the immune system, the decrease of stool by 80% or the improvement of the teeth.
And according to Australian veterinarian Ian Billinghurst, author of the 1993 book "The BARF diet: raw feeding for dogs and cats using evolutionary principles" in which the concept of BARF was used for the first time, its benefits are more universal.
"A biologically appropriate raw food diet It has been developed for all creatures, it's not just a particular way of feeding a dog or cat with a raw diet, as many think, "he tells BBC Mundo.
However, many other experts Do not defend this theory.
Interviewed by BBC Mundo, Dr. Hyunmin Kim, of the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, believes for example that "raw food diets they can put pets at a higher risk of exposure to bacteria like E. coli and salmonella. "
And at this point César Hernán Calad, Colombian specialist in internal medicine and feline and canine dermatology agrees. In his opinion, although there are stray dogs used throughout their lives to feed on leftovers or food with the presence of bacteria, this cannot be applied to a pet "that has been eating the feed and then is changed to a BARF diet".
"If the food does not have a good storage and the bacteria arrive, the situation can be terrible "add.
Calad notes that the advantage of processed food is that brings all the right compounds for the nutrition of cats and dogs, In addition to that it is divided by ages and protected against bacteria thanks to its storage.
On the BARF diet, Calad says that - despite not recommending it - he has patients who use it and have had no problems. But nuance: "they have frozen food or buy portions for the day, maybe that's why nothing happened to them. "
The intermediate option
Although the choice of raw food for animals is an upward trend in recent years, it is still clearly inferior to those who opt for processed food.
According to David Lummis, a pet industry analyst for the market research company Packaged Facts, the sale of homemade food in specialized supermarkets in the United States during 2017 was US $ 200 million, 45% more than five years ago.
However, the figures they are still far from the US $ 33,000 million which reached the sale of processed food last year.
"The raw food market for pets it didn't take off as I expected ", he recognizes in conversation with BBC Mundo, after in 2012 he predicted a greater "accelerated growth" of homemade food.
In addition, the truth is that between one and another diet choice there may also be an intermediate option: cocinate food.
Vergara, defender of the BARF method, recognizes that food should be cooked in case the pet suffers from some digestive pathologies.
"In that case it is recommended to seal the meat, for example, because The bacteria are found on the surface of the meat. Some vegetables such as asparagus and pumpkins are recommended cooked for their conformation. "
To opt for one or the other option, therefore, it will be decisive to consult with the veterinarian, be aware of the reaction of the pet and, ultimately, Choose the one with which you are healthier and happier.
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Many bells about the com>
In the topic of pet feeding there are diverse opinions on what is the best way to face it. In many cases, the positions are extreme.
There are the defenders at the top of the feed, who argue that it is a diet developed specifically for the needs of each dog or cat. For this reason it is the only one that ensures the correct nutrition of the animals.
Moreover, many of those who advocate a meal prepared in a homemade way and with natural ingredients, think that the balanced ones are harmful For your hairy.
Even there are those whothey believethat pets should eat the same way they would in nature. Here the defenders of the raw diet are registered.
Beyond the type of food you choose to give, remember that to properly feed your pet you must provide quality food and according to their nutritional needs at each stage of their life. So, before making a decision about it, inform yourself well and ask for more than one opinion.
Consider these issues to decide how to properly feed your furry
From My Animals We recommend that, before deciding what kind of food you are going to give your four-legged friends, you inform yourself very well on the subject. For example:
- Try to abstract yourself from advertisements and commercial interests.
- Consult veterinarians and animal nutrition specialists.
- Do not stay with a single opinion.
The important thing, after all, is that you draw your own conclusions on how to properly feed your pets.
Your animals will tell you, in their own way, if they are feeding them correctly
Once you have chosen the diet that you consider most convenient for your hairy, observe very well how they react to it. Is that your pets are the ones that will tell you, finally, if the food you are supplying them is the mostproperfor them.
Note that a little animal feeding well usually looks healthy and happy. Pay attention to these details:
- Your hair has to be shiny and silky.
- You should not be overweight or, conversely, be very thin.
- You have to be active and willing to play or ride.
Food according to age
· I think for puppies. The food for growing dogs has a higher caloric density and a higher proportion of proteins and minerals (calcium and phosphorus). A puppy you also need antioxidants (taurine, lutein, vitamin C and E) mannan oligosaccharides and omega 3 and 6 essential fatty acids, as they will help your immune system.
After choosing and controlling the amount of food, we must keep in mind that supplementation with vitamins, minerals or any type of food is unnecessary and in most cases, harmful.
It is also important to stand firm against the inevitable inapetence of the puppy. We should not opt for a change of food brand to the first problem that arises and even less without consulting with the veterinarian.
Feed for adults. An adult dog (from approximately 9 months to 7 years old), if healthy, should consume a high-quality commercial food of the "maintenance" or "adult" type.
An adult dog must be fed exclusively (without additions of homemade food or "pecks") with a balanced food of high quality for adults (better in feed) and clean fresh water. If we make changes in food, these should be done gradually for seven to ten days, increasing the new food while reducing the amount of the old product. If this is not done we will cause digestive disorders that manifest with vomiting and diarrhea.
Feed for senior dogs. The objective that we must mark with older animals (more than seven years) in relation to their diet, is to "extend" and improve their quality of life. To achieve this objective we must look for possible problems (annual review), eliminate or alleviate the possible symptoms of disease, prevent the development and progression of diseases and maintain the optimal body weight (correct food and exercise according to their possibilities). Adequate food and proper exercise are two of the most important pillars to meet these objectives.
Animals over 7 years of age undergo numerous body changes that cause different needs and different use of nutrients. Also, being less active, require fewer calories and do not forget that not having the same olfactory and taste capacity as youngsters, they will need a much more palatable food (palatable) and easily digestible.
These diets exist and are the ones we should use for our older animals, diets with a lower percentage of protein but of better quality, diets that control the amounts of phosphorus and sodium to prevent kidney problems. You can find them from brands like Royal Canin, Hill’s, Purina, Affinity, etc.
Food according to race
Being extremely specific, some brands have developed products according to some types of races. From the conclusions of several studies on canine nutrition it has been determined that there are certain dog breeds that need a specific diet, due to their metabolism particular or to combat and / or prevent diseases of the breed. Let's list some of the dogs that have their own food:
Boxer. This feed is specially adapted to the Boxer to facilitate grip and stimulate chewing. In addition, it helps maintain muscle mass thanks to the adapted protein content.
Yorkshire Its specific food is rich in high quality fatty acids to help improve the quality of its coat since dogs of this breed have very fine and silky hair. Your feed ball should have a texture adapted to favor a brushed effect, since due to the shape of its jaw it tends to accumulate tartar. Note that it contains polyphosphates to promote dental hygiene and stop the formation of tartar.
French Bulldog This is one of the races that develop dermatological sensitivities so your diet must contain omega 3 fatty acids, known as a modulating effect of inflammation, a common sign in dermatitis. Also consider the shape of your jaw. They need special croquettes that facilitate grip and encourage chewing.
Border Collie These dogs are very nervous and active, so they will need a food with high energy density (performance, high energy ...).
Labrador. It shows a tendency to gain more weight than the average of the races. Therefore, they require a diet Light: They have a moderate restriction of energy density and an increase in fiber, which will make you feel full. In addition, like the French bulldog, croquettes with a specific shape and density allow to increase the volume of the ration.
The big races. The growth of dogs of large breeds have, in proportion, a smaller digestive tract to smaller dogs, so a croquette adapted to that size is better. On the other hand, their development is slower than that of small dogs (about 14 months) and the length of some of their bones is spectacular, so they need a food that is rich in calcium. Keep these tips in mind if your animal is a Saint Bernard, Mastiff, Great dane or a race of similar size.
Small breeds. Mini dogs have a lot of energy, and they spend it, so we have to give them a food with a high energy component. Our chihuahua or dwarf poodle has a delicate stomach and if we give it a human food or a feed of poor quality the problems will come: diarrhea, vomiting, indigestion, dental problems ...