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The rottweiler is a breed of German origin, but goes back to its origins until the time of the Romans. This is an imposing dog that for a long time was trained as a sheepdog or protection dog, but today it is a very good companion dog.
If you are thinking of adopting a dog of this breed, it is clear that you will fall into controversy over the differences between the German and the American rottweiler. But are there really different types of rottweiler or is it rather a myth? In YourPetsBestFriends, here is an article to discover all about the German and American rottweiler: the differences and characteristics of each one.
To know what is the difference between a german and american rottweiler, Read this article in its entirety!
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- General characteristics of the rottweiler
- Aspect of the German rottweiler
- Appearance of the American rottweiler
General characteristics of the rottweiler
The current appearance of the rottweiler comes from the breed variety perfected during the nineteenth century and used to handle cattle. Then, during World War I, it will be used as a police dog.
This is a race that has a massive, muscular and compact body and can have an average weight of 45 kg. Despite being heavy enough, it has the typical agility of sheepdogs and also has a lot of energy and love for exercise.
its dress It is short and a color that mixes black with reddish brown. As for his personalityThey are very intelligent and therefore very independent. However, this will not be a problem to train as they develop a strong emotional connection with family members. They are also protective and loyal.
For a long time there has been a controversy about Rottweilers born and raised outside Germany, to the point that careers such as the German Rottweiler and the American Rottweiler compete for the "favorite" position among fans of this breed. So if you want learn to distinguish them, Read the differences and characteristics of each one.
Aspect of the German rottweiler
The German rottweiler is not only the one born in German territory, but also the one who respects the strict parameters that determine The purity of the breed. Who sets these parameters, questions? Since 1921 there is ADKR or Allgemeiner Deutscher Rottweiler Klub, The German club responsible for preserving the purity of this breed.
ADKR is very strict regarding the reproduction of rottweiler, to the point of allowing only parents with a family tree carefully studied reproduce in Germany, in order to avoid variations in the characteristics of the breed.
In accordance with the standards established by this association, the male rottweiler should measure between 61 and 68 cm, with an ideal weight of 50 kg. While females should measure between 52 and 62 cm, with an ideal weight of 43 kg.
The tail is long and the snout short, with a solid, robust and compact body. Its size is smaller than that of the Americans. In order for a rottweiler to be considered pure German, it must not only have all these characteristics, but ADKR is also in charge of conducting investigations to grant or not the pedigree certificate proving that the rottweiler has not been crossed with other races.
Appearance of the American rottweiler
This is where we enter the controversy, because many people say that the American rottweiler does not exist as a separate variant, while others claim that it is a variant. of the breed that has well-defined peculiarities.
In this sense, the American rottweiler can exceed the size of its German counterpart With a size of 68 or 69 cm. It is also known that many samples can weigh up to 80 kg.
The American, in addition, is characterized by its short tail and long snout, with a body that, despite being strong and tall, remains stylized. Does this mean there is another Rottweiler race?
Actually, for many experts, the difference between German and American is based mainly on the place of birth and the various controls (or lack) that are put in place for breeding. In the U.S, there is no association to monitor the reproduction of these dogs, resulting in crossings with other breeds, thus creating a gene for specimens that do not meet the "standard" characteristics of ADKR.
In addition, many breeders choose the tail mutilation, a process that is no longer practiced in Germany because, fortunately, it has been banned in many European countries, considered unnecessary and extremely cruel.
Similarly, the size and weight of the American, which sometimes doubles the German measures, responds rather to the fact that Americans almost always prefer to mate the puppies with the largest of the litters, which causes the spread of these measures. They have nothing to do with the normal standard.
If you are thinking of adopting a rottweiler or if you already have one, remember that you are classified as a potentially dangerous dog in several countries and need to have civil liability insurance Y wear a muzzle In public places. Do not forget to verify all these details before adopting.
If you want to read more, is this Is the difference between a German and American rottweiler?, we recommend that you check the Comparisons section.
What does the German rottweiler look like?
The German rottweiler is not only the one born in the Germanic territory, but also the one who meets the strict parameters that determine the purity of the breed. Who sets these parameters, you ask? Well, since 1921 there is ADRK or Allgemeiner Deutscher Rottweiler Klub, the German club in charge of preserving the purity of this breed.
The ADRK is very strict with regard to the reproduction of the rottweiler, so within Germany it only allows the mating of parents whose family tree has been carefully studied, to avoid variations in the characteristics of the breed.
According to the standards established by this association, the male rottweiler, from the small to the giant, should measure between 61 and 68 centimeters, with an ideal weight of 50 kilos, meanwhile, the females should measure between 52 and 62 centimeters, with an ideal weight of 43 kilograms.
The tail is long and the snout is short, with a robust, compact and solid body, shorter than the American. In order for a rottweiler to be considered "pure" German, it must not only show these characteristics, but also the ADRK is in charge of carrying out its investigations to grant or not the pedigree certificate, which accredits it as a copy of rottweiler without mixing with other races .
What does the American rottweiler look like?
At this point we enter the field of controversy, as many people claim that the American rottweiler does not really exist as a separate variety, while others say that it is a branch of the breed that has clearly defined particularities.
In this sense, the American rottweiler would exceed in German size, not only tearing his height in 68 or 69 centimeters, but also has knowledge that many individuals reach 80 kilos of weight.
The American, in addition, is characterized by its short end and elongated snout, with a body that, although strong and large, does not cease to be stylized. However, does that mean that there really is a subrace of the rottweiler?
In fact, for many experts the difference between German and American lies mainly in their place of birth and in the different controls (or lack thereof) that are implemented at the time of breeding. In United States there is no club responsible for monitoring the reproduction of these dogs, which leads to crossings with other breeds and the spread of the genes of those individuals who do not meet the "standard" characteristics of the ADRK.
In addition, the short tail has to do with the fact that many breeders opt for mutilation of the same, a procedure that is no longer practiced in Germany because, fortunately, it has been banned in many European countries as unnecessary and cruel.
In the same way, the giant size and weight of the American, who sometimes doubles the German numbers, would respond more to the fact that in most cases the Americans prefer to mate the largest puppies of the litters, propagating these measures that move away of normal patterns.
If you are considering adopting a rottweiler or if you already have one, remember that it is considered a potentially dangerous dog in different countries and that its possession requires a liability insurance and the muzzle use In public spaces. Do not forget to consult these details before adoption.
If you want to read more articles similar to American and German Rottweiler - Differences and characteristics of each, we recommend that you enter our Comparisons section.
The German Rottweiler Club, is responsible for preserving the purity of the breed, with the parameters and tests that must be met to be able to access them and give rise to new German purebred Rottweilers.
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In this sense, this club is very exclusive and with strict rules for the breeding and reproduction of rottweilers, that is to say within the Germanic country, it is agreed that appear parents who have a family tree analyzed and studied in depth, so that there can be no variations in the race that degrade its purity
According to these parameters and standards established by this association, the rottweiler male from the smallest to the largest, you must have a size between 61 and 68 cm, plus a ideal weight of 50 kilograms, while the females they must measure between 52 and 62 cm, with an absolute weight of 43 kilograms.
Differences between the American and German rottweiler
We can talk about some unofficial differences associated with each variety of this breed. For example, it is commonly believed that American rottweilers are larger than Germans, and that their snout is longer. In addition, in America the most frequent is that these dogs cut their tails when they have just been born, while in Europe it is prohibited. However, these data are very widespread and do not have a scientific basis.
What do the official institutions think
It is important to know the opinion of institutions such as ADRK (Allgemeiner Deutscher Rottweiler-Klub), the official German rotweiler association, founded in 1921. It is responsible for defining the breed standard and granting pedigree to specimens that meet certain requirements. According to it, the only difference between the German and the American variant is the place of origin.
The AKC (American Kennel Club), association responsible for granting pedigree to dogs in the United States, shares the same opinion as the previous one, based on the same standards. However, in the United States there is a greater lack of control over the reproduction of these dogs, which results in certain unofficial modifications of the breed.
Rottweiler general characteristics
The physical aspect of the rottweiler originates from the variety of the breed that was perfected during the nineteenth century, which was usually used in grazing and in turn during the First World War, they served as police dogs.
When we mention a rottweiler, we mean a pretty solid, muscular and compact breeda, which can reach an average weight of approximately 45 kilos. However, despite having a heavy appearance, it has the fairly common agility of grazing dogs, apart from enough energy and a great love for physical activity.
Its coat is short and the tones it has usually combine black with brown with shades of red.
In regards to his personality, they are animals with a lot of intelligence, so they can be quite independent. But this does not represent a problem at the time of having to train them, since they are able to develop an emotional bond Pretty strong with family members. In addition to this, they are also considered quite loyal and protective.
In a way, rottweilers that are born and raised outside Germany have turned out to be a topic of much controversy, to the point where various races such as the American and German races question the position of which of the two may be the favorite Among the people who prefer this breed.
Appearance of a German rottweiler
This breed is not only known as the one who was born in a Germanic territory, but is also the one who meets certain quite strict parameters which are the ones that determine if it is purebred.
Of course you will ask yourself who sets these parameters? It turns out that since 1921 there is Allgemeiner Deutscher Rottweiler Klub, which is a German club in charge of preserving the purity of the breed.
THE ADRK is quite strict when it comes to the rottweiler reproduction and it is for this reason that within Germany only the mating of parents whose family tree has been carefully studied is allowed, in order to avoid alterations in the characteristics of that race.
According to the established standard, the male from the smallest to the giant, must have a measure between 61 and 68 centimeters, with a weight of 50 kilos, while females should measure between 52 and 62 centimeters with a weight of 43 Kilos.
Appearance of an American rottweiler
The American rottweiler is much larger than the German, not only based on its height between 68 or 69 centimeters, but also known some individuals who can reach 80 kilos in weight.
In addition, the American is characterized by having a short tail and an elongated snout, with a body that although it can be strong and of a considerable size, that is why it is still stylized.
For experts in the field, the difference between the American and German rottweiler It is based mainly on the place where they are born and on the controls that may be present when they are raised.
Is there the American Rottweiler as a separate breed?
Many breeders and experts have claimed that the American rottweiler does not exist as another breed apart from the German. Others claim that it is a race with totally different characteristics and defines> controversy Regarding this topic. But, some characteristics that differ them are explained below.