Doctor dog, do I have cancer?


Good, thanks for the information to combat my dog's diarrhea, I am very clear about how to fight mine through astringent foods, but what to give my dog ​​to solve it was lost. A greeting.

Fabiola tinajero chose says

My puppy of 20 days has diarrhea help please, I am raising him his mommy died and is the only one left of 10

My puppy iso diarrhea after having eaten a different meal and not done in the rest of the day. But is he tired only sleeps. Is it delicate or is it normal only iso once diarrhea?

Miguel Guzmán says

Normally if it only takes one day, it is expected the next day, giving it little to eat, or boiled chicken rice. And if after two days you still have diarrhea, it is best to go to the vet with a stool sample to analyze.

Dogs that detect cancer by sniffing the patient's breath

The dogs are able to detect cancer just by smelling the breath of the people who suffer from it. The Japanese researcher Hideto Sonoda, who has studied how dogs detect colon cancer, states that there is "a characteristic smell, but the molecules that produce it are not clear. "" Only dogs know"precise.

Dogs have been used to detect lung, bowel, colon, breast, and even skin cancer

Sonoda's findings were published in 2011, but the first study that suggested the dog could smell cancer was headed in 1989 by Dr. Hywel Williams and Andres Pembroke, from King's College University Hospital in the United Kingdom.

Since then, numerous doctors have been interested in this extraordinary canine capacity. The research of a team of German scientists concluded that the hairy doctors, trained before it, were able to distinguish lung cancer in 71% of patients.

The dogs distinguished the smell of cancer from that of other artificial substances, such as tobacco. "We must assume that there is a significant number of volatile organic compounds present in patients with lung cancer," German researchers, led by Thorsten Walles, point out in their study.

But dogs have not only been used to detect the disease in people with lung cancer, but also of the intestine, colon, breast, and even skin.

How does a dog smell cancer in a sick person?

Cancer produces some characteristic molecules, which people who do not suffer from the disease lack. The extraordinary sense of smell of the dog is able to distinguish them and hence its importance in diagnosis.

The disease detection process requires that patients who may suffer from cancer exhale air into medical tubes, which absorb the odorous molecules. Then, the dog smells the tubes and, when it detects in the material the characteristic molecules of the disease, sits or respond with another trained signal.

Doctors don't know what molecules the dog detects to distinguish cancer

Canine doctors advance oncologists, who do not know what are the molecules that give the alarm signal to dogs. "I wish the dogs were able to tell us what those substances are that they detect in cancer," lamented the German researchers.

Its extraordinary olfactory ability is explained, in part, thanks to the dog's wet nose, which remains constantly moist. A) Yes create a mucous network that better captures odor molecules and get them to reach the brain sooner.

This wet-and sticky-mechanism explains that the ability to smell of a dog is "thousands of times higher than the human", concludes in an investigation Professor Julio E. Correa, of the Department of Animal Sciences of the University of Alabama (EE .UU.).

Importance for early cancer detection

According to the Spanish Society of Medical Oncology, 222,069 people (136,961 men and 85,108 women) They will suffer from cancer in 2015. The most frequent type will be colon, ahead of lung cancer and breast cancer.

According to these investigations, dogs would be very valuable for the early detection of the disease and, therefore, to curb mortality rates.

Build an artificial canine nose

Dogs cannot pass consultation. It is not allowed to visit patients. Therefore, investigations for create artificial canine noses in the laboratory, able to detect the smell of cancer, have not been waiting.

The scientific journal 'British Journal of Cancer' has published that some Israeli researchers have conducted preliminary studies to build electronic canine snouts that compete with the extraordinary noses of hairy four-legged doctors.

Diarrhea in the dog, what's wrong?

A dog with diarrhea evacuates very soft stools and, in addition, in a volume above normal. Why do they occur? The food that a dog eats takes about eight hours to travel through the tunnels and ducts that make up its intestine.

During that tour, the food loses about 80% of the water it contains, explains the scientific journal 'Medicine net'. But this is only in normal conditions.

A dog with diarrhea does not absorb the nutrients it needs from food

When the dog suffers from diarrhea, however, the food travels through the intestine with a much faster speed: Arrives earlier in the year, with no time for the body to absorb water and nutrients from food. Therefore, the stool leaves abruptly and very liquid.

"Diarrhea in dogs is not strange, and they account for 30% of visits in a basic clinic, of primary attention to dogs ", explains the veterinarian Fausto Andrés.

In addition, a diarrhea may be a sign of a more serious medical condition in dogs. Therefore, it is convenient to understand why the dog suffers from it and what to do when it occurs.

Poor dog feeding causes diarrhea

The diet explains a good part of diarrhea in dogs. A sudden change in the dog's diet -modify from one day to the other the feed that swallows or suddenly replace the usual diet with a homemade kitchen for dogs, without the supervision of a veterinarian- are frequent causes of diarrhea in the dog.

It also happens when the can ingest foreign objects or take food that is not appropriate for the street, "adds Andrés.

"Uncontrolled changes in the dog's diet, ingestion of trash or spoiled food as well as toxic foods for dogs are frequent causes of diarrhea in dogs, "says the American Society for the Prevention of Animal Abuse.

On other occasions, diarrhea may be caused by an allergic reaction in the animal. Therefore, when it appears, it is advisable to consult the veterinarian soon.

Intestinal diseases that cause diarrhea in the can

An unhealthy diet is not the only reason that explains diarrhea in dogs. The presence of intestinal parasites also makes the dog's body react with virulence: through diarrhea and even vomiting.

There are two types of frequent worms in the intestines of the dogs: the worms (rounded) and tapeworms, tape-shaped, more flattened.

These parasites reach the dog's body with the same intention: to feed on what the dog ingests, with the least possible effort. Steal the food that the dog ingests, so they cause a deterioration of your health.

Bacteria are smaller than these intestinal worms. But they can also be very harmful to the dog: they usually appear in a very high number and explain some canine diarrhea.

What to do when the dog has diarrhea?

A dog with diarrhea should fast for 24 hours but do not remove the water

A dog suffering from diarrhea should fast for about 24 hours. The withdrawal of food, however, does not include removing the liquid: "The dog with diarrhea should drink water, in small and frequent shots," adds Andrés.

Remember that the dog with diarrhea removes a lot of fluid through the liquid feces: having available water counteracts the risk of dehydration.

"Fasting is the most important thing, but as there may be other causes for diarrhea - such as kidney failure or poisoning - after fasting the important thing is to visit the veterinarian"warns Andres.

Once it is replenished, we must try at a soft diet, friendly with your damaged stomach. It is advisable to opt for a low-fat and easy-to-digest diet, so as not to make the dog's weakened and annoying stomach work at once.

A plate of cooked rice with a little boiled chicken or fish - again boiled or grilled - is a good proposal for home cooking for dogs, which helps the furry friend to regain his strength.

"If the cause is food, the diet of rice with fish or chicken is good, provided there is no knowledge of allergy to these foods," says Andres.

Distribute the food in three or four portions distributed throughout the day It is better than offering all the food at once: the stomach of the dog that has suffered diarrhea will still be delicate, and it should not be forced. The veterinarian notes another relevant advice: "Give rice water to drink".

To prepare it you have to cover a cup of rice with cold water overnight, "remove the rice in the morning and give the dog that mixture in the morning."

Warning signs in a dog with diarrhea

A dog's diarrhea may be temporary.. In these cases, the condition usually disappears within a few days, with proper care. Among them, a soft diet and offered in small portions.

However, on other occasions, there are signs that alert that dog diarrhea is more serious. These are some of the symptoms that must be attended to go urgently to the veterinarian.

Diarrhea does not stop, and continues after 24 hours.

Stool contains traces of blood.

The diarrhea of ​​the dog worsens and arrives accompanied by vomiting.

The animal is shabby and depressed.

Read more articles on dog and cat health. Follow the author on Twitter @evasanmartinf.

Fever symptoms

The temperature may vary throughout the day, which is normal. In the morning, it is usual to be lower and at night higher. The sudden lift of body temperature is usually preceded by a shiver. Other symptoms may include: some confusion, lack of coordination, panting, increased heart rate, as well as constipation, followed by diarrhea.

Good use of the thermometer

To take the dog's body temperature, a quick reading thermometer is necessary and unbreakable material. The rectal temperature is the most reliable, so you have to introduce the tip of the thermometer through the anal opening, for which you can use a little petroleum jelly.

It is likely that the animal is not too collaborative and help is needed to hold it, so that it remains standing, which is the proper posture To take the temperature The thermometer has to be placed Thirty seconds or until the acoustic signal sounds. Then, the thermometer must be disinfected with a cotton ball soaked in alcohol and write down the result, the time and day at which the temperature was taken.

In the case of females, the temperature can also be taken through the orifice of the vagina. If you have to keep track of body temperature for several days, it is advisable to place the thermometer every six or eight hours and always before the meal, so that the variations produced by the digestive process do not mask the results.

The danger of heat

Body temperature is determined by production and heat loss. The production of body heat is the result, among other things, of basic metabolic processes, food assimilation, muscle activity or the secretion of certain hormones. Heat is lost by irradiation, conduction and evaporation of water through the airways and skin.

A serious pathology associated with body temperature is heat stroke, which consists in an elevation of the dog's body temperature that goes beyond tolerable limits for his body. The heat stroke puts the dog's life seriously at risk, since its body temperature can reach 42 degrees. The severity of the heat stroke depends on the temperature and the time it has been maintained.

Dogs suffering from heat stroke present symptom such as: panting, tachycardia, elevated temperature, congested mucous membranes, vomiting, diarrhea and, sometimes, shock or loss of consciousness. Take some first steps before going to the veterinarian as soon as possible, help stabilize the situation Of the dog. For example: place it in a cool and ventilated place, bathe it with cold water and, if it is aware, give small amounts of fresh water to drink.

The danger of excess cold

Excessive heat and rising body temperature are not recommended for the dog's health, but neither is the excess cold.

The thermometer must be placed thirty seconds or until the acoustic signal sounds

Dogs need protection against low temperatures. Especially certain races, which due to their small coat and small size, have less protection against cold.

In fact, there are certain diseases associated with cold such as kennel cough or traction infectious bronchitis, which the dog can get in autumn or winter. It is caused by a virus and is a disease of little severity, but difficult to cure. Their symptom they are: cough, high fever, vomiting and mucus.

On the other hand, the joint diseasesLike osteoarthritis, they are more likely to manifest themselves during times when the weather is cold and wet. The dog is more likely to get sick in winter, and especially at advanced ages. That is why it is advisable to have the vaccination schedule a day, so that the animal is protected.

Do not be afraid when putting the thermometer on the dog. The veterinarian can be asked to explain how.

The dog should stand up when taking the temperature rectally.

Do not forget to disinfect the thermometer with alcohol after taking the temperature.

Vaseline facilitates the introduction of the thermometer.

Take the temperature of the dog before eating or exercising.

Keep in mind that dogs have a higher body temperature than humans (38 degrees adults and 39 degrees puppies).