Dobermans guard dog training should begin, seriously, when the dog is about seven weeks old. It is then that he has weaned and is ready to begin to understand his place in the hierarchy of the pack. Dogs begin to train their puppies in the wild, as soon as the puppies open their eyes, it is the way they teach them about how to respond to the alpha's call and act in a manner beneficial to the pack. However, it is necessary to remember that training for a doberman's watchdog is going to be done from the point of view of human benefit and not from the point of view of a pack of wild dogs.
That's why the basic protective dog training sessions of a doberman puppy have to start with what is recognized as, alpha of the pack.
A doberman puppy licking you in your mouth means that it has been understood that he will play a role of submission, that of a puppy in the pack. Also understand that it is your job to tell him what to do. However, if you do not take the first step here, in training a protective dog, the doberman puppy will try to take over the alpha function.
Listen to the commands and obey them.
First, you must teach your puppy to obey orders and follow them, every time and every time without fail.
You have to teach your dog some habits, behavior patterns, and commands that he will follow throughout his life.
You have to show your dog that you have authority.
You also have to teach him how to socialize with humans by taking him to places where he can interact with human beings and your adult children.
Your children will be part of your doberman's guard dog training sessions. This will teach your dog to consider them as puppies in the pack as well.
Consistent commands, such as sitting, sitting still, quiet, let go, are not the basic commands that a puppy must learn from the very beginning of its watchdog training program.
A puppy needs to learn that jumping to greet someone, in a show of affection, is not acceptable behavior. On the other hand, he has to understand that jumping on someone to dominate him, if he considers him dangerous and his master has not given him the order to do so, is acceptable and will be appreciated by the teacher. This difference can only be taught with patience, by an experienced coach, manager or owner.
Belt support. Imagine you are a mother doberman. In nature, you will have to growl and pinch the puppy's skin to show that a particular behavior pattern is not acceptable in the pack. The same activity is carried out with the help of the belt by the controller. You can gently guide your d with the help of this strap, especially when you are walking with him. So you will understand that firm pressure, in one direction, means that you want me to obey a particular action.
Do not punish the puppy by losing patience with him. Imagine that you are learning a new language for the first time and your teacher tells you something you do not understand. Instead of repeating the command, and explaining what he wants you to do, start yelling at yourself, whipping and frightening you with threatening gestures.
You, as an adult human being, are certainly not going to respect or love that teacher, so what can you expect from a small puppy that is terrified when the author's voice>
The character of the Doberman
Before entering the adventure of learning to educate a doberman, it is imperative to know their character and personality, since each dog is a world and we must adapt completely to it. In general, this dog breed is characterized by being friendly, peaceful, affectionate, familiar and sensitive. All these features indicate that we must act with caution during their training, always using affectionate words, effusive congratulations and avoid shouting, punishment or physical violence at all times.
On the other hand, the Doberman occupies the number five on the list of the smartest dogs Stanley Coren, so that we have before us a dog that does not present difficulties when it comes to internalize the orders. Of course, the fact of being so intelligent also indicates that their education must be a constant process, since a lack of mental stimulation can cause behavior problems derived from boredom in the Doberman.
The importance of socialization
In addition to knowing our dog to establish an adequate work plan, we must properly socialize it to avoid altercations with other animals or people in the future. If we have just adopted a doberman puppy, the task is much simpler, and we must start this process immediately. But what is socialization? Very simple, a process that allows the animal to learn to relate correctly to all the factors of its environment: people, animals, objects, landscapes and noises.
To start with the puppy socialization, we will choose other well-socialized adult puppies or animals, since joining the child with an unstable dog, for example, can cause the adult to try to bite him and the puppy relate socialization to a negative experience. Also, we will take walks in several places, and allow you to interact with other people.
If the Doberman we have adopted is already an adult and has not been socialized, the task is more complicated. Here it is essential to look for stable dogs and patients, since our dog may bark at them and even try to attack them. During the meeting, we will try to find a safe distance, that is, a distance between the Doberman and the other dog in which our dog does not appear restless or excited. At this point, we will proceed to reward him while watching the other dog and congratulate him, so that he understands that the calm and calm attitude is appropriate. Little by little we will shorten the safety distance, but we will never force the animal to interact.
Teaching our little doberman to come to the call
This is perhaps the easiest exercise of all, since we will play with what dogs like best, food. The exercise itself is really simple, it will simply mean that we always carry with us a small box with cookies for our dog.
We will execute the order of "Toby, here" or "Toby, come" while holding a cookie in our hand, making sure that our puppy sees it. When the puppy comes to us to eat it, we will give it to him and congratulate him with enthusiasm.
Repeating this exercise several times daily we will get our dog to always come to the call. With the passage of time and when you already know how to act correctly before the order, we will reduce the number of prizes (cookies), giving it only occasionally but making it easier whenever you obey.
These are the basic orders that every puppy should learn, once you have completed more than six months old and know how to perform all orders correctly, we can teach you to remain still in the place that we have indicated that you feel or lie with the same technique, positive reinforcement.
On the other hand, we must continue to practice socialization, bringing our puppy together with other dogs to play and interact. A dog park can be a fantastic place to socialize our puppy daily. Remember that you must also socialize with other humans, letting yourself be touched and caressed naturally.
As the child grows and internalizes the basic education orders that, in addition to stimulating him mentally, will improve coexistence, we can begin to incorporate new more advanced orders. Also, do not forget to accustom the puppy to the collar and the leash so that the walks are increasingly comfortable.
Tips for training an adult doberman
Doberman dogs are generally affectionate and good, but very protective of their family. Imagine for a moment that there is a situation of tension in which your doberman begins to bark at a stranger and ignores you. If he does not obey your orders, he may even attack the stranger, causing a situation of great danger. Dobermans are very athletic and strong dogs, if they are not well educated they can wreak havoc.
To avoid these possible situations, it is essential that our doberman be well educated as a puppy, to fulfill our orders without hesitation. However, due to ignorance, there are many people who do not carry out a good process of socialization, for example, or who adopt the child before two months of age, something totally counterproductive because it is with his mother and brothers with whom he begins to Learn the typical behavior of the species. On the other hand, more and more people are choosing to adopt an adult doberman and give him a second chance. In any case, it is important to highlight that it's never too late to educate a dog, we just have to know the right techniques and steps. In this way, to achieve good results, we must perform the same steps that are performed with the puppies, but in a place where our adult dog cannot escape or cause damage to third parties, especially if it is a dog adopted with fear or, as we said, with certain aggressive behaviors.
So, before starting the adult doberman training process, we must do a situation analysis. That is, check if the dog is correctly socialized, observe its behavior and know its character well. If, as we mentioned, he is aggressive because of a lack of socialization, without a doubt the first thing we will have to do is solve this problem. For this, it is essential to know why the animal acts in this way. Once the cause is found, it will be much easier to work with patience, perseverance and, always, making use of positive reinforcement.
Once the dog is correctly socialized, we can go on to practice the basic orders following the steps already described but, remember, in closed enclosures to, later, practice them in other environments.
On the other hand, we recommend taking into account the following tips when educating an adult doberman:
- Teach the dog to sit down before putting the plate of food. Once we leave the plate of food on the floor, we will not let him eat until he looks us in the eye. When you look us in the eye, we will give you permission verbally (example: "Toby, go ahead"). If we do not carry out this step and let the animal remain excited while we feed it, we are reinforcing that behavior, which can be aggravated in the future and enhance a possible picture of stress or anxiety if you see that we do not feed him.
- Set the rules so that all family members carry them out. Thus, we will decide whether or not the animal can climb on the sofa, has access to all spaces, can sleep in our bed, etc.
- Being a large dog, if you tend to jump on people and we don't want this to happen, you should work with it to avoid it. To do this, we will avoid any gesture or word that can further excite the animal, we will reward it when it is at rest or calm, and we will stop it with a simple “No”, since the pushes, shouts and punishments will not help us solve the trouble.
- If the Doberman suffers anxiety for food, we will control the quantity and opt for antivoracity feeders. If they do not work, we will investigate the cause and treat it.
- In dogs adopted with fear of people, safety and trust must first be worked on. To do this, we will avoid any stimulus that causes fear, we will let it smell us first and, if we allow it, we will proceed to caress it with affection, even performing relaxing massages so that you understand that we are not a threat.
- Get used to the animal to be brushed, cut the nails and bathe without problems, little by little and with much patience.
Following these tips we will make our dog adapt to his new home if we have just adopted it, or we will learn to guide him better, keeping in mind that we should never use aggressiveness, but positive reinforcement.
If our dog Doberman is very old and does not respond to the indications, we can always consult with a professional trainer, who will give us the guidelines to follow depending on their behavior.
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