Animals

Whippet, Origin, Characteristics, Care and Images

The whippet is a small size greyhound when compared to other hounds, being one of the fastest. His name is very likely to derive from English whip in, which means "move quickly", elegance being one of its innate characteristics.

Very popular on television, where the stars have been in thematic spots as disparate as cars or cookies, theirs is pure activity. This breed, which has been defined as “A canine work of art”, It is very beautiful and fits perfectly with family life.

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Everything you should know about Whippet

The whippet is considered the fastest dog in short distances, ranging between 150 and 200 meters, in which in a few seconds they are able to reach a speed of 70 km / h. This has earned him the denomination of "Spring dog", being impressively fast both in the races and in their reactions.

This beautiful and tender pet, which has been traditionally used as a hunting and racing dog, less and less common practices, today constitutes one of the best dog breeds to which you can open the door of your home and your heart, giving his copies of the placid life they deserve.

A small dog of distinguished and slender bearing whose origin is british and that in its origin it was cataloged as the English greyhound of the poor classes, although today it is highly valued. At the end of the 18th century, English workers could not afford the luxury of having a “true greyhound”, so they devised a version of their own, of a smaller size and more affordable at an economic level, which resulted in the birth of the whippet

With the development of whippet it was intended get a variant of a small english greyhound, fast and with greater resistance than the Italian greyhound. Brave and tenacious, this small breed also met those expectations. When generating it, English greyhounds and Italian greyhounds were crossed, but also copies of other breeds such as terrier, yorkshire, bedlington, airedale and manchester.

The fact that the terrier's blood ran through his veins was unquestionable, since it was appreciated in the long and rough fur that characterized the early development times of this breed.

An ideal breeding that ended up throwing dogs with the resistance of the terrier when it came to work and with an amazing ability to reach unusual speeds. Gifted in addition to the symmetry of the aristocratic whites, what was achieved following the parameters of refinement and harmony of the grayhound, the whippet that is known today is an admired and beloved dog wherever he goes.

Before the current name he had others like Snap dog, that is to say, "the dog that tries to bite", a tendency that it manifested on the track when running or when encountering a stranger. Another of his appellations was "Hitalians", in clear reference to the fact that the Italian piccolo had participated originally.

In the year 1899 a Whippet Club in Great Britain With the help of the Duchess of Newcastle, a great lover of the canine world and who became the defender of the Whippet breed. Once this race association was founded, the inscriptions in the book of origins of the Kennel Club began to increase, decreasing again due to World War I, a contest that caused that in 1918 no registration was made.

At present, there are still whippet specimens dedicated to hunting and racing that, already formalized, are not carried out as before in alleys but in straight regulatory tracks in which these puppies pursue stuffed animals in the shape of a mechanized rabbit, instead of Traditional scarves. Some are also used for coursing.

Characteristics and physical features

With a height to the cross that goes from 47 to 51 centimeters and with a weight that oscillates between 10 and 14 kilos, this beautiful race ...

His long limbs they will allow you not only to reach vertigo speeds but to get where it is proposed. It will be enough for its owner to leave a piece of bread on a table so that it disappears in the blink of an eye. This makes whippet love making small incursions into the kitchen, while stretching on its hind legs to discover how it is within reach.

Another feature that surprises them is that their long legs seem to have no end when stretched, so your family will have to be careful not to trip over them or sit on them if, for example, you have them hidden under a cushion .

At first glance, it is often difficult to appreciate the power and strength that these little ones boast, and it may seem that it is a fragile and delicate breed. Nothing is further from reality, which will be verified as soon as there is an in-depth knowledge of the breed, which reveals that it is about tough and strong dogs whose predisposition to physical activity is good.

As for the rest of his physical features, the following can be highlighted:

His head It is long and thin and is flattening on its upper part. His snout It is also thin and elongated. His eyes They are oval, very vivid and bright. His ears They are fine textured and pink. His neck He is muscular, long and arched. Your back It is firm, wide and a bit long.

Your back It is strong and with a slight curvature. His chest It is deep with a very defined and low sill. Your abdomen It is well retracted. It's tail It is long, ending in a sharp point. He never carries it over the back even if he lifts it when it is active.

His fur is short, thin and tight and its many and quite varied colors, there being no preference for any of them in particular. For this reason, the usual thing is to find whippet of diverse shades such as white and black, without losing sight of the fact that there are also striped and multicolored ones.


Temperament

The character of the whippet can be described as calm, sweet, sensitive, gentle and gentle. With strangers they show shyness but with their family they are pure love. As in the rest of the races, an optimal socialization is basic to moderate their behavior.

This wonderful companion dog could be categorized into dog breeds for flats. Is Affectionate, balanced, affable and very calm, although this tranquility is not an obstacle for their extreme agility, especially when they are young, make them run away at the first opportunity they have to carry out everything that rounds them through the head.

This tendency makes its owner have to take precautionary measures and try not to lose sight of him, especially if what has caught his attention is something related to food. It is also not advisable to take him loose on the street, no matter how much it is in areas where there are no other people who can bother, because with this gesture you would be compromising the own safety of your pet that could be launched on the road without thinking two times.

Like many small races, whippet they are fascinated by the company of people and snuggle in your lap at the slightest opportunity, regardless of whether you are lying on the couch or relaxing in the sun in the garden. What's more, most love lying in the heat and enjoying the good weather while they relax. For this reason, you must place special emphasis on not abusing such hobby, as they could suffer sunburn on their skin.

Such is his taste for comfort that many specimens of this breed sigh because their owners allow them to share a bed with them, enjoying the heat and pampering in such a situation. Obviously, not all people are willing to sleep next to their whippet, but those who tolerate it or more, who like to do so, say that this puppy serves as a hot water bottle on cold nights.

In another order of things, if there is a quality that anyone who wants to adopt a whippet must show, it is of the patience that will be wasted at the time of training him, not because this race is more complicated to educate than another, but because these animals have a very soft and sweet character that respond badly to punishment and that can wear out with too rough a deal. He thinks that dogs, like people, have a series of their own needs and that there are races much more sensitive than others.

Relationship with other pets

Having a great instinct for prey, the whippet It is not the most appropriate dog to have at home with small pets such as cats, rodents or rabbits. The logical thing is that, in these cases, he starts to try to hunt them as soon as he has occasion. Moreover, everything that moves quickly draws your attention.

In the event that despite this you decide to live together, you must teach your whippet the rules of the house, which will be specified in respect for the rest of its inhabitants, which includes pets. In any case, cats seem to have a "sixth sense" when it comes to capturing which dogs they should respect and those that don't, which avoids not a few embarrassing situations.

On the other hand, an adequate socialization that is carried out with other homemade pets since the whippet is a puppy, will allow them to live in a certain harmony. Thus, there are many cases in which, against all odds, one of these puppies and a cat becomes inseparable companions. Now, do not confuse the relationship that the whippet establishes with a cat with which he lives, with the instinct that he can develop, for example, with respect to an alien cat that suddenly prowls in his garden.

With regard to other dogs, it is normal for whippet not to have adaptation problems and that they can get phenomenal.

Relationship with children

Families with children can be assured that the whippet will become a loyal playmate for the little ones in the house, as long as the latter have also been educated according to respect for their pets. Thus, it is essential, provided you have a dog at home that everyone, canine and human, learn to relate correctly. Whenever this happens, this puppy will behave like an excellent pet.

In fact, whippet and children are more than likely to greatly enjoy their mutual company and their games, given that this breed of dogs is very tolerant and children represent for them ideal friends with whom to share long leisure time.

The best thing, anyway, is that the children and the puppy have been presented when he is still young, although in other cases a very satisfactory relationship can also be established. Now, what has been said does not mean that this little animal does not thank, like anyone, certain moments of tranquility and its level of tolerance should not be tested often. When pets and young children are related, it is best to have adult supervision.

Feeding

On the fact that their owners choose a quality food for them, the state of health and much of the appearance of a pet will depend. Luckily, the market makes available to the owners a careful selection of feed, among which one must choose a dry one, from the junior range, while they are puppies and from the adult range, later.

The truth is each type of can has its own nutritional needs and, in the case of those of reduced size, they require a complete diet that favors that they grow rapidly, guaranteeing them the energy contribution that their accelerated metabolism needs.

You should not be tempted to offer your puppy anything you prepare for lunch or dinner, because what is good for you does not do for him, much less for sweet foods. In this simple way you will facilitate the digestive transit of your little one and will free him of deficits at food level. In addition, small breeds tend to become capricious, so in the case that you are accustomed to feeding him “at pleasure,” you will be able to do little later because it is his own food that appeals to him.

Take sufficient hygienic measures to safeguard the close relationship between family members and a small dog It is, more than recommended, absolutely necessary. That your pet is always clean and in perfect state of the magazine, will make things much easier for all family members and make relating to this kid a real delight.

Dental hygiene

The oral hygiene of small dogs must be exhaustive, as it is normal for these little ones to tend to accumulate in their dentures bacterial plaque and tartar that ends up giving rise to problems of bad breath or halitosis. Nobody escapes that it is very annoying for a pet to give off such a stench when breathing, so prevention work is necessary since the whippet is a puppy.

Apart from the fact that if these problems go further they should consult with the veterinarian, since the puppy has a few months of life should get used to the tooth brushing, a habit that is not usually to your liking but that becomes absolutely essential.

Bath and drying

The thin, thin and short fur of the whippet does not require much care, only the most general. Unless it gets very dirty and too often, because frequent places with abundant vegetation or soil, it will be enough for you to bathe once a month With a shampoo that is suitable for your hair type. Do not forget to take care of your nails, a task that may be a bit laborious at first, but that you will soon master.

Once out of the bathroom, you should dry it conveniently with the help of a moderate temperature hair dryer. In winter, do not allow in any case to go outside without having dried it completely because this puppy is very prone to cold, feeling in excess the rigors of the temperatures. For this reason, he is the perfect candidate to wear a coquettish coat when a cold climate prevails.

In order to make your whippet look beautiful and in addition to its shedding not being too annoying for the rest of the family members, the short hair of its specimens must be brushed regularly and also Your skin needs to hydrate conveniently.

Vaccines and antiparasitic treatments

Strictly observe the vaccination schedule imposed by the veterinarian and place your whippet the antiparasitic pipettes and collars that the same professional tells you to rid him of fleas, ticks and intestinal worms, is essential for his state of health.

More common diseases

Although it is a fairly long and robust breed, which as a companion animal that today is has undergone an intense selection process, the whippet shows a genetic predisposition to develop any of the following ailments:

  • Eye problems such as cataracts, progressive retinal atrophy or glaucoma (abnormal pressure in the eyeball)
  • Heart problems
  • Hypersensitivity to certain medications and chemical agents
  • Epilepsy
  • Evans syndrome (abnormal functioning of the platelets that the animal needs to control bleeding)

Besides, we must bear in mind that the skin of this puppy is very delicate, so it can suffer injuries in it with some ease.

It also has a certain tendency to overweight, so it is the responsibility of its owner to consume the rations that the veterinarian indicates to keep it on the line.

Fortunately, diseases considered genetic can be detected, and in many cases avoided, by laboratory tests.

Training

Do not confuse the fact that a puppy is small with that it has fewer needs at the level of physical activity. Whippet, despite its small size, has a spectacular ability to run that makes it require a adequate energy wear.

In this way, any specimen of this breed will be happy going out to walk 3 times a day whenever possible and some of them will also require you to play and run with other dogs. Spending a few minutes a day playing with him is also an excellent way to contribute to your physical and mental balance. Therefore, you can experiment with various games until you find the one that suits you. Allowing you to play with other dogs as a puppy during your walks is the ideal way to socialize it.

Learn a series of basic behavior orders it will also be necessary in order to provide security in the place where you are. Now, as we have indicated previously, this breed does not tolerate punishment well, so they should not be included in their training.

On the contrary, the ideal is that you acquire discipline through positive training techniques, so that you instill in your whippet the concept of positive stimulus, or what is the same, reward the desired behaviors and ignore, as long as they do not compromise your safety, The negatives.

Whippet race history

The records of the first Whippets date back to Ancient Egypt, with representations of Whippet dogs dating from those times. These little greyhounds were bred for hunting purposes and are believed to be among the ancestors of the Whippet we know today.

The development of the breed dates back to the 18th century in England. The name is derived from "whip", which is related to its ability to move very fast. It is believed that Whippet is a greyhound English which was too small to hunt and, therefore, was returned to its original breeders, usually peasants, after being mutilated, so they could not perform hunting tasks. Despite that, their breeders raised them and used them to catch rats and hunt small prey.

Whippet image gallery

These dogs became known as "fast dogs", By his method of killing prey, or the"Greyhound of the poor“.

In the 19th century, this miniature greyhound became quite popular among working men when they discovered that it could Chase to the dams that were agitated, and this game later became Whippet races.

This was an important sport at the end of XIX century, and two types of Whippets were known: a smooth coat Whippet and a rough fur Whippet, known as the “rabbit dog". By then, the Whippet also began to breed as a companion animal and the breed expanded out of England, reaching all parts of the world.

The breed was refined at cross it with Italian greyhounds and terriers and the official recognition of the Whippet as a race took place in 1888 and 1891, in the United States and England, respectively, with their acceptance by the Kennel Clubs. The Whippets were brought to the United States by English mill operators, establishing themselves as a race on the east coast.

Appearance

The Whippet was raised to resemble a medium-sized Greyhound, and that is exactly what the breed looks like. Everything about the Whippet gives the impression of speed and grace. Race standards do not allow any exaggeration or characteristic that may compromise speed.

This is the epitome of a medium sized dog. Male Whippets are between 19 and 22 inches tall on the shoulder, while females, slightly smaller, are typically between 18 and 21 feet tall on the shoulder.

Although breed standards do not specify the ideal weight For this breed, most Whippets weigh between 15 and 30 pounds, and males tend to be somewhat heavier.

Whippets are quite thin for a dog of this size. The ribs of most Whippets are clearly visible, leaving many who are not familiar with this breed to assume they are starving.

This breed is known to have very low body fat. Despite its slim body, the Whippet is quite muscular. This breed has fairly long legs for its body size. The body curves are clearly defined, and the breed has a noticeable but slight curve in the back. The tail is quite long, thin, narrows towards the end and is usually low.

Whippet's head is very similar to those of other whites. The breed has a long, narrow face and snout, which reduces resistance to running and gives the breed a sleek and smooth appearance. The narrow snout has a powerful lower jaw and ends in a black nose.

The ears should be pink, small, thin and elegant. When the Whippet is not alert, the ears are usually retained and against the head. As a result of their terrier ancestry they will occasionally be born with ears in an upright position, this is considered a serious foul or disqualification in the ring.

As a whip, has big eyes that can't be hidden in any way. These eyes should be dark brown, and both should be the same color.

Whippet It has a very short coat. This coat is made up of straight hair that is largely uniform throughout the animal's body. Many fanciers claim that occasionally one will be born with a long or thin coat, but these dogs cannot be shown. Other fans claim that such Whippets are actually a mixture of race.

The short coat of the breed makes scars and other injuries easier to see. However, this should not affect the dog in the ring. Whippet breeders have always been primarily concerned with speed, and the color has no impact on the speed with which it runs.

As a result, the Whippets they can come in any color or pattern. This breed possibly exhibits the largest range of colors and patterns found in any race. Some of the most common colors include gray with white patches, black, white with tan and striped patches.

training

Whippets are easily trainedSince they are quite intelligent dogs, but because they are also independent, food rewards are important to reinforce them positively. Their socialization should begin at an early age, so they become familiar with other animals, pets and people.

Getting familiar with other pets, and especially cats, will make Whippets less likely to chase them in case the opportunity arises. However, to the Whippets you should never be allowed to walk freely, because regardless of your training, your hunting instinct will prevail.

Exercise and activity levels

The Whippet is a active race that needs to run and exercise. Although they have quite low energy levels when they are at home, they should have the opportunity to run in a fenced yard, in addition to their daily walks. They are runners and jumpers and when they are not allowed to release their high energy, they can become destructive in the house, and behavior problems can also begin to arise.

Whippets are very easy to maintain and are odorless. With its short and silky fur, they do not require much brushing since they shed little fur. A weekly brushing with a rubber glove will be enough to keep your fur free of dead hair and other impurities. The ears should also be checked for signs of inflammation or discharge, as part of the animal's grooming routine.

The nail clipping It should be done every week, as a general rule to keep your feet healthy and without discomfort, which could cause lameness. Brushing the dog's teeth is also a good routine that must be done to prevent tartar from accumulating. Chewing toys or even plastic bottles is also an alternative that helps keep Whippet's teeth and gums healthy.

Whippets live between 12 and 15 years and are generally healthy, but there are some diseases and conditions that are more likely to develop, as follows:

    Autoimmune hemolytic anemia: This condition occurs when a dog begins to produce antibodies against the body's own red blood cells, which leads to its destruction and, therefore, to a decrease in the total number of these blood cells. Signs of anemia that owners should be aware of include weak> Other diseases that are uncommon but can also occur in Whippets are:

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