Animals

My dog ​​falls out of hair, causes and solutions

The hair of the dogs can fall due to poor nutrition, stress, due to illness and even lack of sunlight in the fur

  • Author: By EROSKI CONSUMER
  • Last update: June 13, 2016

Hair loss in dogs has different causes. Improper feeding, illness, allergies and even stress motivate hair loss in these animals. How to treat it? In this report, in addition to listing the causes of hair loss in dogs and explaining the different treatments that exist, they are given four tips to avoid it: Remember that the dog sheds hair twice a year, go to the veterinarian when scratching or licking often, offer a balanced diet and use specific products for hygiene.

Hair loss in the dog: causes

The causes that can cause the hair loss of a dog are of diverse origin, including diseases such as scabies and diabetesas well as a unbalanced feeding or that does not suit your nutritional needs. The skin allergies (allergic dermatitis) can also cause the hair loss of the dog.

Dog hair loss can be a food, allergy or stress problem

Among all of them, hair loss due to psychological causes, such as stress is the most complicated to treat. "Some of these cases have no solution and the hair does not recover," says José Luis González, a veterinarian expert in dermatology. Some pregnant bitches also lose their hair, in this case, by the action of their hormones.

On the other hand, sometimes, the dog's own action causes hair loss. It happens when it scratches and licks compulsively, as in the case of dogs with scabies, caused by a parasite (mite) that causes discomfort and itching, but also when the animal suffers from an allergy.

Among small dog breeds, it is known that some vaccines can infect the area where the injection is given, with the consequent hair loss (post-vaccine alopecia). Therefore, in some cases, certain vaccines are avoided in dogs with these symptoms.

On the other hand, there are races more likely to suffer from the loss of their hair. It is the case of bulldog and of boxer, which have a more sensitive skin than usual and can suffer, more easily, canine dermatitis and irritations.

Other alopecia are seasonal and affect the dog when there is less sunlight, that is, during autumn and winter. In these cases, in spring or summer, the problem is often corrected. In addition, it must be taken into account that the dogs change their hair twice a year: when it is cold, the hair is maintained and, when the high temperatures arrive, it changes.

Treat dog hair loss

The treatment against the loss of the fur of the dog varies according to the cause that causes it

The treatment of dog hair loss varies depending on the reason that causes the problem. "Each case requires a different and specific treatment. The important thing is to find the cause that causes hair loss," explains veterinarian and dermatologist José Luis González.

In the case of scabies, a medication is applied to eradicate the parasite that originates it.

A improper feeding It can also cause the hair loss of the animal. In this case, the veterinarian will prescribe a I think appropriate to strengthen the hair canine. "With the dog it happens as with people: if it is fed with an unbalanced diet, which lacks the essential nutrients it needs, the dog will accuse it in the hair," says González.

In case the dog suffers from the so-called Alopecia areata, caused by stress, you have to locate the cause of your nervousness to be able to eliminate it. In some cases, the dog will recover the hair, but in others there will be no possibility.

The so-called lateral alopecia It is another type of hair loss in the dog. The veterinarian José Luis Torres explains that the cause of this condition is "the compulsive licking on the part of the can of a part of his body, like a leg. "This lick may be due to nerves or stress because the dog does not support loneliness. "Therefore, when their owners leave home, it is common for the stressed dog to express his anxiety with that compulsive licking," Torres adds.

The balanced feeding of the dog is essential to prevent hair loss. "The first step is to avoid it, but once it is detected, we must know the causes that cause it, in order to stop it," concludes the veterinarian.

Four tips to stop the hair loss of the dog

1. Keep in mind that dog hair loss does not always need treatment: he can shed his hair twice a year.

2. If it is detected that the dog scratches often, compulsively, or licks more than normal, you should go to the veterinarian.

3. A balanced diet for the dog helps keep your hair healthy and strong.

4. They should always be used specific products for dog hygiene. If shampoos or antiparasitic products are not used, an allergy may occur.

Why my dog's hair drops

Hair loss in dogs can be due to many reasons. Knowing which of them is causing that alopecia in your pet is essential to be able to find the right treatment.

Hair is one of the best visible indicators of health in dogs: if your dog has strong, shiny and abundant hair, he will surely enjoy good health. On the contrary, if it falls off… something is wrong. But nevertheless, we must say that moderate hair loss is normal and necessarya, like us, dogs are dying hairs that are falling. Finishing with the brush full of hair after a styling session is completely normal, as are the biannual hair sheds that some races experience.

Hair loss in your dog should be worrisome if:

  • Lose a lot every day, even whole strands.
  • Suddenly more hair begins to fall than usual.
  • If your dog is bald.

Let's see what are the main reasons why your dog falls out of hair.

My dog's hair falls out! Is it because of genetics?

It is possible, yes. Some dog breeds usually release more hair than others, especially in areas such as the gut, legs or chest. However, this is not a problem, it is a natural part of the life of these dogs. Therefore, they do not appear to appear bald. Some of the races that usually lose a lot of hair are:

In these cases, as we say, hair loss will be moderate and natural and should not worry.

The friction of the leash and clothing, another reason for canine alopecia

Try not to put your dog's collar too tightThis could be a cause of your hair loss, in addition to posing a danger to the animal. Try to find a collar or harness of the right size, with the soft and fluffy interior, not too rigid. Another option is to remove your dog's collar when it is indoors and just put it on to leave.

Do you usually wear clothes? Rubbing hair with sweaters and coats can also cause hair loss. If you have a habit of dressing your dog, stop doing it for a season and see if the hair stops falling.

Food is very important for hair health

What? Does my dog ​​lose hair because of poor nutrition? If possible. A diet too poor in nutrients has a very negative impact on the health of your pet. If your defenses are low due to lack of vitamins, minerals or proteins, your hair may fall out. In a literal sense!

Check the feeding of your pet and consult your veterinarian if it is the most appropriate.

Hair and hormones

Hormonal problems in dogs also cause hair loss. Some of the most common are:

  • Hypothyroidism, a thyroid hormone deficiency.
  • Cushing's disease, in which the dog's organism produces an excess of cortisol.
  • The young dogs in the process of sexual maturity They may suffer hair loss due to hormonal imbalances.

This last assumption should not worry you, it is temporary and will cease on its own. But If you notice that, in addition to losing hair, your dog shows other symptoms such as dry skin, fragile hair, sudden weight gain, tiredness ... You may suffer from hypothyroidism, and that deserves attention. See your veterinarian as soon as possible to have an analysis.

Does my dog ​​lose hair, do you have parasites?

Some parasites and fungi cause hair loss in infected dogs. The most common, and which you have heard about thousands of times, is scabies.

Scabies in dogs causes hair loss so massive that bald spots are created. If left untreated, the dog ends up losing all of his body's hair. What causes scabies in dogs? It is a parasitic mite that feeds on the dog's skin.

There are different types of scabies and each of them needs a different treatment. If you think your dog might have scabies, run to the vet!

Canine Alopecia by Fleas

Some dogs react to fleas more exaggeratedly than others for having too sensitive skin. It is what we call allergic dermatitis.

In dogs suffering from allergic dermatitis, flea bites cause very strong skin irritation and redness and even localized hair loss. They can't stop scratching, the itching is desperate! But the only thing they get is to aggravate the problem, from scratching so much, wounds are made that can end up becoming infected. For this reason, Solution to fleas must be put in place as soon as possible.

Hair loss in dogs may be associated with allergies

Yes, allergies are one of the main causes of hair loss in dogs. Y We don't mean flea bite allergies we talked about earlier. A dog can be allergic to many things, such as:

  • Some component of your diet
  • Medicines
  • Soaps or other hygiene products
  • Woven
  • Elements of its environment, such as pollen

If your dog loses hair, check and evaluate everything around him. Your alopecia may be due to an allergy

Anxiety and stress

How? That dogs suffer anxiety? Yes, as you read it, and many, sometimes.

If your dog is in a situation of nervousness, pressure or stress you may end up having anxiety, and with it, lose hair. Some of the causes of anxiety in dogs can be:

  • Abuse or abandonment: Have you adopted a dog that was mistreated by its previous owner? He may have traumas and still be afraid.
  • Changes in the environment: Have you moved recently? Your dog will need to adapt to his new home just like you.
  • Changes in the family nucleus: if a new baby has arrived in the family, or if someone has passed away ... your dog also notices it and your mood will be affected.
  • Spend many hours alone or locked up: Remember that socialization is essential for the psychological well-being of dogs.
  • Lack of physical exercise: Have you gone for a walk and exercise today? If the answer is no, you may be nervous about it.

As you can see, these causes of anxiety are very general, which means that they can affect any dog.

My dog ​​drops his hair, what do I do?

Possibly, Reading the causes of canine alopecia you could find out for yourself what is the reason for this loss of hair in your pet. If not, or if you think it could be due to any of the diseases or allergies we have mentioned, go to your veterinarian. Do not let the time pass by!

The solution to your dog's hair loss depends on whatever is causing it. We cannot treat alopecia without knowing why it has appeared.

For example, if it is a food allergy, changing your mind should solve the problem. Or solve the situation that causes your dog anxiety. Or a good protection against fleas. Or a treatment against scabies. Or ... There are as many solutions as problems! And on many occasions, only the veterinarian can determine what it is. So ... do not hesitate to consult him!

Comments

Hello, I have a pomeranian of 2 and a half months and weighs 400gm and in my chest you only have hair because it has fallen and in one leg it is the person who bought it says that he has thrown a gel that is already sand Bernard and I know that I kill my hair but I don't see that I have anything red in my chest

Paola Martinez says

Hello, I have my dog ​​that likewise falls out of hair, I know that it is not the food, I give it pure pedigree. Puppy he is 10 months old

Karla Ismiño says

I have my pet for 2 months and a half is a white pequines. When they gave me, I was very hairy (I had enough hair), now she drops her hair, I took her to the vet and they told me that it is because of the change of weather, I really worry a lot since the hair falls a lot and I don't know which It's the cause.

Gabriel Montalvan V says

The comments are very good, I think this will help me a lot so that my pet's hair does not continue to fall.

mariel tzintzun says

I have a Belgian Malinois of 2 and a half months old ... when I acquired it, it was full of hair now in certain parts the body feels pink because of its skin. They told me it could be the flea collar ... it scratches a lot even and since two weeks ago I removed the collar ... and still I have taken it to veterinarians and they say that if it continues I wear it ... … ..Me recommended the nuppec for what I don't think is the food

Hello, I have a 15-month-old Pincher, he appears in areas like a kind of dandruff he swallows and his hair falls out God, I don't know what to do he had already taken it off and he gave it again I give him lamb's rice and Salmon .

Elvia Pereira says

Hi, I have two 8-month-old yack rusel dogs and they have suddenly started to release a lot, which I can do so that they don't lose their hair. Thank you

Maybe they are in their time of molt. Twice a year, in the spring and autumn the shedding of the hair occurs, and they fall much more than in other times. When your dogs become adults, and being in a time of molting, surely that's why you see more hair than normal. You have to brush them twice a day to remove dead hair. If you think it is not for this, take them to the vet for a review.

Hello today, in the morning I found my dog ​​in her bed, already lifeless, she was only 3 years old, she had baldness in some parts, months ago she started to lose her hair and two days ago she had an upset stomach, not what would be the cause could someone please me, please. 😢

Hi, I have a bitch that is a mixture and now a month ago she lost a lot of hair and I don't know what to do the hair anymore every day and it's still the same

Causes of hair loss in dogs

One of the most common causes of hair loss in dogs is the scabies, which is caused by the mite Demodex. Hair loss can also occur when there is a disruption in the growth of hair follicles, often caused by an infection, trauma, an immune disease, or abnormalities in the endocrine system. If there are several patches that are missing hair, it could be associated with an inflammation of the hair follicle. A wider area of ​​hair loss, meanwhile, may indicate a more specific disease pattern.

We show you more specifically the most common causes of hair loss in dogs:

  • Scabies: Scabies responsible for scabies can damage your dog's skin and cause loss> Certain breeds of dogs are more susceptible to allergies, such as golden retrievers, bulldogs and Yorkshire. Loss> How do you diagnose the causes of hair loss in dogs?

The pattern and severity of hair loss in dogs are essential for a successful diagnosis and an adequate treatment plan.

    Multiple areas of loss> Available treatments for hair loss in dogs

Hair loss in dogs is usually treated with topical shampoos and antibiotic therapy. If the underlying cause is discovered, a treatment is included to deal with the problems encountered. If on the other hand there is an abnormal growth in the skin or cancer, it is surgically removed.

Antibiotic use
Your veterinarian may prescribe antibiotics to treat infections that cause hair loss in dogs. Your veterinarian may have to remove any nodule or tumors that contribute to hair loss, and potentially treat your dog with antibiotics, as well as other medications for the disease.

Change your dog's diet
If your veterinarian thinks that your dog's hair loss is caused by a food allergy, the food that is suspected of his diet should be eliminated. The most common food allergies in dogs are wheat, corn, soybeans, eggs and even beef or chicken. It is also recommended to consult with your veterinarian about adding supplements to your dog's food that can help your hair grow, such as melatonin.

Undergo hormonal treatment
If your dog has a hormonal imbalance, some supplements can stop hair loss and can actually help your dog grow new hair. Veterinarians can perform tests to determine if hormone treatment will help solve the problem.

Use shampoos and hydrocortisone sprays
Treating excessive licking and soothing itchy skin can be achieved with baths with a specific dog shampoo that contains hydrocortisone. Hydrocortisone will soothe irritated skin and may promote rapid healing.

You can also use a hydrocortisone spray by applying it directly on the itchy spots or specific hot spots. Avoid using shampoos and human hair products on your dog, as they often contain ingredients that can seriously irritate your dog's skin.

Maintenance and prevention

Hair loss in dogs is not a condition that can really be prevented, the most important thing is to keep our dog's skin on watch to attack hair loss in time as well as the underlying causes before it becomes a more serious problem. .

Once your veterinarian has made a successful diagnosis of the causes of hair loss in your pet, skin maintenance will be based on the recommended treatment being followed to the letter. The use of shampoos and special topical creams has an important part in maintaining the health of the dog's skin and hair.