What do you know about the rex rabbit? There are many breeds of rabbits, however, many agree that the rex rabbit is probably one of the most affectionate and intelligent lagomorphs. Sharing name with the cornish rex cat or the devon rex, all these animals whose nomenclature includes the term "rex" are characterized by presenting a wavy or curly fur, something that is not too frequent in the whole of the animal kingdom, because it is a benign genetic mutation, which should not be worrying since it only affects the characteristics of the fur. However, not all rex have curly hair, but we will tell you later with all the details to get to know the precious rex rabbit better.
In this Animal Expert breed sheet we will show you everything you need to know about rex rabbit, as its origins, characteristics, health, care. And much more! If you want to know more about the race do not miss it, read on!
Origin of the rex rabbit
Rex rabbits emerged relatively recently, since it is estimated that it was in the decade of the 20s of the last century when the first copies of the breed were born. These bunnies are native of France, but it didn't take long to get to places as far away as the United States, since his character made many appreciate him as a companion animal. Already in 1924 there were rabbits in the International Exhibition held in Paris, where he triumphed for his characteristic velvety fur coat.
By misfortune this same fur so wonderful that for years millions of rabbits were raised alone and exclusively for how much they appreciated their skins in the market, something that luckily is no longer being done today.
Physical characteristics of the rex rabbit
A copy of rex rabbit usually has a weight of between 3 and 4.5 kilograms, the European variant being smaller, which does not usually exceed 3.5 kilograms, while the American variant is usually within the range of 3.5 - 4.5 kilos. In all cases, rex is considered to be one of the rabbit breeds of big size.
The rex are rabbits with a flat back and a very long and rounded body, with strong muscular legs. The head is wide and presents sexual dimorphism, because the head of the males is longer and more robust than that of the females. Not only the mantle of the rex is curly, because their mustaches are also wavy or curled, something that is far from common. The hair of the rex is soft and velvety, without presenting sublayer and having a surprising uniformity in the whole body extension, being about 1.25 centimeters long.
As for the color of the coat, a total of 17 colors and patterns, among which are cinnamon, white, red, blue, mottled, marbled, stained ... There is an immense variety of combinations between colors and patterns.
Rex Rabbit Character
Together with the particular fur of these rabbits, what distinguishes them most from the other races is their friendly and affectionate character. These rabbits are really affectionate and love being with their owners, pampering and playing with them. In addition the rex are calm and peaceful, being quite patient and tolerant, so they get along very well with childrenWell, they also love games and activities.
If we add to this the marked maternal instinct of the breed, we find many cases in which rex rabbits have come to take in their care rabbits of other races or even other animals. They are also rabbits smart and attentive, so if we are very very persevering we can get to teach them tricks and actions, but surely we will need a lot of time and patience to do them when we ask. For this we can use the clicker, in the same way that we would use it to train dogs, cats or other animals.
As with all rabbits, we have to keep our rex's nails with an appropriate length, so we will have to trim them at least once a month. If we don't know how to do it, the best thing is that the first time we go to a veterinarian to teach us to do it correctly.
Given the characteristics of the fur of these rabbits, which is quite delicate, we should not brush them very frequently, being at most the brushed once a week. The baths must also be limited to the minimum possible and, if it is necessary for us to bathe them, we must do so with specific products for use in rabbits, ensuring that our lagomorph does not present soap residues and finishing the bath with an exhaustive drying. Therefore, a good option to keep our rabbit neat is use a damp cloth and pass it through his body as if we were stroking it.
Another relevant factor is that we have to provide our rabbit with a wide cage to move freely and not be overwhelming for him. In addition, we have to let loose our rabbit several hours a day so you can exercise and stay healthy. At this time we recommend being aware of them, because they are lagomorphic, being completely normal that they tend to nibble on everything, including cables, which leads to a risk of electrocution, so we have to take precautions and try to keep the cables out of reach.
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Rex rabbit feeding
Rex rabbits need, like all rabbits, to have at their disposal at all times clean fresh water, along with a lot of fresh and dry hay. We have to ensure that the hay does not get wet with the water or urination of our rex rabbit, as this would cause it to rot, being a possible source of infection and a nest of bacteria.
As for the I think or the pellets that we give them these, they must have around 18% protein, in addition to being high in fiber content. We can also supplement your diet with vegetables and some fruit, the latter in small quantities and very sporadically. It is recommended to give them leafy vegetables in large quantities due to the high water and fiber content of this type of vegetables.
Rex rabbit health
Rex rabbits may have a certain tendency to develop some pathologies, one of them is the development of sores or wounds when their legs are in contact with hard surfaces for a long time, such as the metal bars of the cages, because their limbs do not have, as if they have other breeds of rabbits, enough hair to act as a barrier.
Like the rest of rabbits, the rex is sensitive to cold and especially to air currents and humidity, so although we must keep them in a well ventilated place, especially in summer, when the low temperatures arrive we have to Check that the space in which our rex lives is at a pleasant temperature and does not go cold. Otherwise you could develop diseases such as pneumonia. We also have to take care that our rabbit drinks and eats enough, fiber consumption is vital to avoid the feared intestinal obstructions, which are very serious, and can lead our rabbit to death even if they receive veterinary attention.
It is also advisable to clean your ears, visit the veterinarian every 6 or 12 months, keep them vaccinated and dewormed and make sure they perform daily exercise.
Rex rabbit feeding
Can be offered fresh vegetables (but you have to take them out a while before the refrigerator to give them at room temperature) like lettuce leaves (but not iceberg, which gives diarrhea because it has a lot of water), carrot, chard, turnip, thistle and arugula, but you always have to be careful with the quantity and the state of conservation: withered vegetables should be strictly avoided , macilentos and that take time in the refrigerator.
We can include a good pelleted feed, preferably without coccidiostatic substances (except as directed by the specialist veterinarian). By including pellets we mean adding two tablespoons a day for a rabbit around two kilograms, so be careful with the feeders always full!
Other cunicultural races have a particular hair that, due to their color or consistency, is sometimes confused with the Rex. This is the case, for example, of fire black dwarf rabbits, which can be confused, since the characteristic of the fire tone of the hair may also be present in the Rex. Or the satin rabbits, which are very bright, but with a consistency of different hair and longer bristles.
What's more, there are great similaritiesmorphological between the Rex and the wild rabbit, which has an aspect of the snout and ears that can often be equated with that of the first. However, logically, the color of the savage's mantle is always the typical brown, color not contemplated in the Rex.
Rex Rabbit Breed
At the end of the second decade of the 20th century, a litter of wild gray rabbits showed unusual plush and velvety fur. In nature, mutations occur quite frequently, and many races are the result of a mutation that is fixed through a selective breeding program. The first Rex rabbit was born in the French town of LOUCHE-Pringé in 1919, where the village priest was impressed with his plush cape and decided to raise him.
The outer hairs were exactly the same length as the bottom layer. This created a layer that was effectively twice as thick as other rabbits. A breeding program was quickly established with the idea of "pin up" This genetic mutation. This to develop a line of rabbits that had this wonderfully soft and thick coat.
The Rabbit Rex was first shown in public in Paris in 1924 and has been recognized as a breed standard since 1925 in many parts of Europe. The race made its way to the US after the Paris International Show in 1924. And it quickly established itself as one of the most popular breeds of homemade rabbits.
The Rex mutation also appears in cats and rats. However, in cats it translates into a wavy layer that in some cats is thick, and in others it is very thin. In Rex rabbits the layer is always thicker. At present, the Rex remains as a companion animal and as a show rabbit.
Rabbit Rex Appearance
The main color combinations are: white, blue, lilac, black, broken and chocolate. Your average weight goes from 3.4 to 4.8 kg. The Rex Rabbit's coat should measure between ½ to 7/8 of an inch long and should be dense, thick and velvety, standing upright from the skin.
The mutated gene can also cause the skin to curl in some areas. This usually happens where the fur is a little longer than behind the ears. Normally, these small waves are barely noticeable.
The mutation also means that Rex rabbits sometimes have very short beards or no beards at all. The body of the Rex is compact and rounded although it may have a slightly wider head than other rabbits.
The females have a great double chin and the nails are always the same color as the skin on their feet. His ears are proportional and are kept in vertical position. The Rex Rabbit comes in many different colors and models, including white (with red or blue eyes), Chinchilla, black, blue, lilac, broken, California, chocolate and saber.
Rabbit Temperament Rex
The famous book «Burke's backyard” states that the Rex It is one of the smartest races of rabbit A very strong maternal instinct is shown and many Rex rabbits have been used as foster mothers for rejected puppies with great effect. Because of his higher than average intelligence and his loving nature, he can keep two Rex together happily.
The Rex Rabbit It is more active at night and in the morning, and although their activity levels are described as "Moderate", is an excellent jumper and can easily pass an obstacle three feet high.
They probably prefer to rest during the day, even though enjoy human company and it will be a very playful pet. In fact, due to his superior intelligence to the average and relaxed personality, the quite docile Rex is often compared to a cat.
The Rex Rabbits they are easy to train to use the litter box and that is why they are considered excellent pets for the home. A word of caution, however, cedar-based sand should be avoided as it may be harmful to the animal. They can also be trained to reach their owner the command and stand on their hind legs.
Like most animals, however, a Rex will not do what you like favorite treats. As one of the most docile rabbit breeds, the Rex is an excellent pet option for families with children. Any young man must, however, be well educated in the proper handling of his rabbit friend.
Rex Rabbit Health
The intelligent Rabbit Rex is one of the toughest breeds of domesticated rabbit but similarly it is plagued with some genetic diseases. Although they seem predisposed to endure the pain.
As a rabbit's teeth grow continuously, certain measures> treated by a veterinarian should be taken.
Do not forget to know these 8 common diseases of rabbits
Unless you want to breed this breed of rabbits, it is worth> uterine cancer. In addition all rabbits must be dewormed and be treated against fleas and ticks regularly.
It is also vital that you vaccinate to your pet against the myxomotosis and the viral hemorrhagic disease. Both conditions are life threatening and are transmitted by infected animals, shelter, bedding and kitchen utensils.
Rex Rabbit Care
Rex Rabbits are excellent house rabbits, as they can be easily trained to use a litter box. If you are going to keep your rabbit indoors, then anything you don't want to chew should be moved out of reach. You should also have an indoor cage or a quiet area where your rabbit can go to rest.
If you are going to keep your pet outdoors, you need weatherproof and waterproof shelter. Make it big enough so you can jump around and stand up. It must be placed in a place without many drafts and where the direct sun does not reach. This shelter must be impenetrable to predators.
You should also have a covered area where you can sleep or cover yourself from the worst weather conditions. A cover can be placed on the front of the cabin if the weather becomes very hard. The cabin can also be stored in a well ventilated shed.
All rabbits must be fed with high quality hay and rabbit pellets. As well as a lot of fibrous vegetables such as cabbage, kale, dandelion and nettle, all of which will help keep your teeth worn. Fresh and clean drinking water must be available at all times.
How the Rex rabbit reproduces
Also from the point of view of reproduction the Rex are like the other races: the female that is covered during the heat will have a Approximate gestation of 30-31 days, at the end of which two to six rabbits will be born on average. The growth will be fast, and after ten days you can see the velvety consistency of the mantle that is forming.
The female plucks large strands of hair to line the nest, and in this period should be made available hay in abundant quantity. It doesn't hurt to remind the neophytes (and not just them) that crossing Rex rabbits with other races often means getting worse and unexpected results. The heritability of the characters is very complex, so it is better to avoid experiments that often generate specimens that do not have the characteristics of either the father or the mother or, if they have them, they may not be transmitted to future generations .