Animals

Fungi in cats - Symptoms and treatment

The mycosis in catsIt could be caused by three types of fungi, which affect the skin of our pet causing scars in cases where they are not treated in time. This type of clinical condition in our pet can be treated properly through pharmacological and natural treatments.

Cats are very curious and beautiful animals, however, they are sensitive to the appearance of any disease, without forgetting that they are capable of hide the pain very well, however, the skin damage caused by fungi or in this case mycosis, is not so easy, but these can be caused by different types of fungi.

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Mycosis in cats. How to cure fungi in cats.

The infections created Fungi are known as dermatophytosis or mycosis in cats and they are caused by three different types of fungi.

Microsporum canis: This is one of the most frequent and is easily transmitted to humans.

Microsporum gypseum: is found on the ground, this type of fungus causes lesions in the body areas that have direct contact with the ground, such as the legs, head, face and mouth.

Trichophyton mentagrophytes: This affects dogs more than cats.

For mycosis in cats to manifest in the animal, at least three conditions such as predisposition must occur individual genetics, immune status of the animal and contact with the agent that causes it.

This type of medical condition affects young cats more frequently, because they have less immune protection, or those animals that have a lack of previous exposure to the pathogen, mycosis occurs most in hot and humid environments.

The fungal lesions in the cat they appear very frequently in the head of the animal and in its extremities, it is very common in long-haired cats, although it can happen in any breed, sex and age, the most common lesion in mycosis in cats is the ringworm which is shaped like a medallion.

Symptoms of mycosis in cats.

With this type of disease the most common symptoms that can be observed in the animal are skin problems and peeling, in the same way the focal or generalized alopecia, bite and scratch the affected area in addition to the continuous licking of the animal in the parts affected by the dermatophyte.

This type of behavior is what causes the situation to worsen, since it ends up spreading throughout the body of the animal, another type of sign of mycosis in cats is called cherries, which are skin noduleswho have severe pain in the affected area.

Diagnosis of mycosis in cats.

Unlike in dogs, in cats the fungal infections They can take various forms. The diagnosis is confirmed through laboratory tests to rule out other diseases.

In any case of presence of skin fungus of the animal, it will require the Wood lamp which has a special light that highlights the fluorescence emitted by some species of fungi, in the same way performing a microscopic examination, with this the form of reproduction and dissemination of fungi such as spores, conidia or the same fungus.

symptoms of mycosis in cats

Mycosis treatment in cats

Once mycosis has been detected in cats, it should not only be treated in the animal, but must also be supplemented with an environmental treatment, in cases where the lesions are small and focused they can be treated locally, however, if they are extensive or widespread, systemic medication will be required.

This type of treatment should be prescribed by the treating veterinarian, it is usually a prolonged treatment of about 8 weeks and should be monitored since this type of medication you have side effects, such as vomiting, anorexia and diarrhea.

It is important that although improvement is seen in the animal, the treatment is not suspended, in the case of mycosis in cats, corticosteroids should not be used since it reduces the animal defense And the disease worsens.

Prevention in cases of mycosis in cats.

For a successful prevention to be achieved in combating mycosis in our pet, the whole place must be clean and disinfected, since fungal spores can survive in humid places for a long time even years, so it is necessary remove the hairs infected from the cat and the environment and wash all objects that have been in contact with the animal infected with mycosis.

Mycosis treatment in cats

Is mycosis in cats contagious to humans?

Tinea is one of the few diseases that cats can infect humans, and it is much more prone in people with weak immune systems, such as children or the elderly. So it is necessary that to treat the animal must be done wearing gloves and wash your hands with povidone iodine, this in case the veterinarian authorizes it.

Keep the hygiene and disinfection In the environment where the animal develops it is of the utmost importance to consider when treating mycosis in cats.

Remember that pets are part of our family, we must take care of them and love them, respect them and above all have them under a lot of responsibility, since they depend on us for many things, responsible ownership is extremely important. Adopt don't buy!

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Fungi in cats

There are several types of fungi that can infest your cat and in any case they will originate a topical condition, since the fungi that originate the infection colonize and reproduce in the superficial and dead layers of hair, skin and nails, causing a different symptomatology, as we will show below.

If it is true that in 90% of cases, ringworm in cats is produced by the fungus Microsporum Canis. It is a very contagious situation, not only for the animals that surround the cat, but also for humans, hence the importance of knowing the symptoms of fungal infestation, also known as dermatophytosis or ringworm.

Symptoms of feline dermatophytosis

If your cat's organism is being attacked by fungi, you can soon begin to perceive the following in your pet symptoms and manifestations of this disease:

  • Circular lesions on head, ears and legs
  • Hairless areas in the areas where it has been produced>

Diagnosis of fungi in cats

If you observe in your cat any of the symptoms that we mentioned above, you should go immediately to the veterinarian since the first step to follow is to confirm the diagnosis, since the characteristic symptoms of ringworm in cats may also be due to other pathologies.

In addition to performing a complete physical examination, the veterinarian can observe the damaged hair under the microscope, use an ultraviolet light lamp or perform a fungal culture Not only for the purpose of confirming the presence of fungi, but to determine which fungal strain is causing the condition.

Treatment of fungi in cats

The veterinarian is the only person trained to prescribe a pharmacological treatment to your cat, in the case of the fungal condition, antifungal active ingredients will be used, such as ketoconazole, which can be administered through different routes:

  • Topical treatment: Generally it is used whenever there is feline dermatophytosis, the topical treatment will not only be performed by applying lotions or ointments, but also the veterinarian can indicate a body hygiene product with antifungal components to periodically bathe the cat with him.
  • Oral treatment: Antifungal drugs can have various adverse reactions, therefore oral treatment will only be used in those most severe cases or when there is no therapeutic response to topical treatment.

Antifungal treatments require a prolonged application time to completely eradicate the condition, hence it is of great importance that the owner undertakes to make a adequate therapeutic compliance.

Other tips to treat fungi in cats

  • Use gloves to manipulate the cat, wash your hands thoroughly and periodically.
  • Performs a cleaning of the entire environment, passing the vacuum cleaner to destroy fungal spores.
  • Get rid of all possible accessories, because in these surfaces we could also find fungi.
  • Fungal infection affects to a greater extent those cats that do not have a competent immune system, to increase your pet's defenses you can resort to homeopathy for cats.

This article is purely informative, at ExpertAnimal.com we have no power to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any kind of diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the veterinarian in case he presents any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Fungi in cats - Symptoms and treatment, we recommend that you enter our section of infectious diseases.

Natural topical treatment for skin fungus:

It is important to take into account the fact that fungal infection only occurs as a result of a immune system malfunction, So identifying the primary cause and treating it is essential for a complete cure.

Apply a layer of coconut oil over the affected areas of your animal's skin, or over the entire body.

Before application, the skin must be clean and dry. 1 application every 3 or 4 days.

Add yogurt (containing bacteria) or kefir in the diet of your dog or cat. For more information about probiotics, you can check this article.

How to prepare a body rinse Apple Cider Vinegar:

  • Mix in a 125ml bottle of apple cider vinegar + 125ml of green tea + 250ml of distilled water.
  • It is applied on clean and dry skin, massage, it can be clarified or not, and then dry. Shake well before use. The mixture can be stored in the refrigerator for up to 2 weeks.

Pau d’arco is antidiarrheal, healing, antibacterial, antifungal (especially against candid), analgesic, anti-inflammatory, diuretic and anticancer.

In topical use it can be used to clean and disinfect wounds, burns and dermal ulcerations, as well as in fungal infections of the skin.

  • You should make a tea with the bark, at the rate of 3gr of bark per 100ml of water.
  • Boil for 5 minutes and let stand 15 minutes. It is important to respect the proportion, since otherwise, as there is the possibility that the animal sucks, it could be toxic. Once the infusion has stopped burning, it is applied to the skin. 3 daily applications.

Natural topical treatment for skin fungus:

Help from a specialist:

You know that all our articles show utilities, but remember that in case of any problem with your dog or cat you should consult a veterinarian. For any questions or comments about this article contact Gemma Hervás, homeopath veterinarian: www.gemmahervas.com