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Does your dog scratch, bite or lick excessively, has eczema, redness. You may have a skin problem, here we give you information that interests you!
"Skin diseases" is a general term used to refer to frequent and annoying disorders that cause damage or irritate the skin, and that often cause pets to scratch or excessively lick.
What causes can cause these skin diseases?
* Adverse reactions to food: it may be that the dog is allergic to some type of protein present in the food he is taking. Some common allergies are meat, fish, wheat, milk or vegetables.
* Other allergies: the pet may be allergic to environmental factors such as dust, pollen or mold.
* Parasites: fleas, lice and mites can cause mild or severe skin irritations.
* Hormonal imbalances: pets with excesses or deficiencies of certain hormones have a tendency to suffer from skin problems.
* Infections: bacterial and fungal infections can cause skin problems too.
What are the symptoms you will see in your dog?
* Itching (scratches, licks or rubs)
* Changes in appetite
* Red grains, spots or plates
* Bad skin smell
* Scars, scabs or thickened skin
* Flaky or rough plates
* Loss of hair.
What can we do to treat dog skin diseases?
1) We recommend that you follow the advice of the veterinarian.
In general, the treatment will go through:
* A special diet
* A combination of the above.
This way of acting will help your pet's skin and hair to improve and regenerate, and for your dog to recover more quickly.
2) Make sure that all family members are aware of the pet's problem and its implications (Ex: they do not give him food or rewards that may harm him).
3) Do not let the dog hunt, eat herbs or go loose if the veterinarian suspects a food allergy.
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Anticipate the problem
It is the most important. Once you know what causes your friend's allergic reaction, you should keep him as far away from him as possible. For example:
- Flea bite allergy: If you are allergic to the bite of these annoying external parasites, you should put antiparasitic drugs that eliminate them, be they pipettes, necklaces or sprays.
- Food Allergy: If there are some ingredients of the feed that do not suit you, you have to change your com> Keep the house clean
Although it is already done, it is highly recommended to make some changes. And, if we used the broom, it is preferable to use a mop or a vacuum cleaner, since it raises much less dust. Thus, it prevents the dog from having a reaction.
For the same reason, it is better to use wet to dry rags, as they trap dirt more and more quickly, leaving shiny surfaces.
A bath will relax you a lot, and remove all dirt, avoiding allergic reactions. Yes, Do not do it more than once a month, otherwise the skin would be left without its natural protective barrier, and your health could be at risk.
With these tips, your dog will live happily 🙂.
Drugs, nutraceuticals and shampoo therapy to treat the allergic pet
In order to treat the typical symptoms of chronic allergy in pets, the use of corticosteroids or other immunosuppressants such as cyclosporine. These drugs are not exempt from side effects, especially in the long term, such as hyperadrenocorticism, or diabetes.
The antihistamines they have a variable effect on our pets, not being useful in most cases. Fortunately, new molecules have been developed to relieve itching, such as oclacitinib or lokivetmab, which do not have so many adverse effects.
The bacterial infections they must be treated with the appropriate antibiotic, after a culture, since administering an ineffective one can worsen the situation, and even contribute to microorganisms developing resistance. You should not use any medication on your own without the prescription of your veterinarian.
The shampoo Based on moisturizing and emollient substances such as oatmeal or aloe vera, it has proven to be vital for the maintenance of the allergic animal's skin barrier. Medical treatment of pyoderma (bacterial skin infection) or overgrowth of Malassezias It can be complemented with the use of shampoos with chlorhexidine or antifungals, as well as sprays or antipruritic foams, based on phytosphingosine, which relieve our pet's itching.
Dietary supplements with omega 3 and 6 fatty acids, protect the skin and improve hair quality.
Can my pet's allergy cure forever?
In some cases the use of hyposensitization treatments has proven to be very effective in eliminating allergy in pets such as dogs and cats. They consist of the creation of custom vaccines for each pet with very small amounts of the allergens to which it is sensitive that, when administered by injection or lingual spray, educate the immune system so that it does not react to them.
Your veterinarian will prescribe a personalized treatment to relieve allergy symptoms to your pet.
This is especially useful in the case of environmental allergies, such as pollen allergy or dust mites, since it is very difficult to control exposure to these allergens. However, food allergy is controlled by strictly avoiding any of the components to which our pet is allergic, providing a hypoallergenic diet. Currently in the market there is a wide range of dry and wet food, without cereals or soybeans, and with novel sources of protein, such as deer, salmon, or kangaroo.
Tips for owners of animals allergic to pollen, mites and fleas
The contact of our dogs or cats with this type of allergens is frankly difficult to avoid, since they are microscopic and ubiquitous, but we can follow some guidelines to minimize the risk. For example, keep a good cleaning in the house and avoid carpets where the mites are crowded. You can also ventilate the house during the hours of lower pollen concentration, which is usually first thing in the morning.
Applying moisturizing substances and emollients such as oatmeal or aloe vera helps maintain the skin barrier of the allergic animal.
There are mobile applications that indicate the daily concentration and for hours of pollen in your area, which can help you avoid areas with excessive pollen concentration, such as meadows, although it is not a matter of depriving our pet of its usual recreational activity, for what in these cases the symptomatic treatments, as much pharmacological as the shampoo, or those of hyposensitization, play a fundamental role.
Remember that if your pet has allergic dermatitis to flea bites (DAAP), it is essential to use external antiparasitic drugs to prevent infestations by these parasites.
First of all, you have to determine if your dog's skin problem is due to the diet. "Most people suddenly change their dogs' diet when something starts to bite them," says Dr. Katy Nelson, an associate emergency veterinarian who practices in Alexandria, Virginia (USA). "However, only 10 percent of pets suffer from food allergy, so finding the causative allergen is key to controlling skin problems." Regardless of whether the allergen is ingested or not, foods formulated for sensitive skin can provide relief.
Skin and fur enhancers
QA: Be guided by your veterinarian about the premium food brand options best suited to your dog's needs. High quality foods contain ingredients that contribute to healthy skin and glowing fur. Make sure the foods you choose contain the following ingredients:
Omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids: They are found in fish and rapeseed oils, these are fatty acids that help the coat recover its splendor, which in turn reduces itching and the need to scratch. Imagine it is like a conditioner that works from the inside.
Proteins and carbohydrates intelligently: With skin problems, it usually happens that less is more. "Choose a formula that has only one source of protein (eg chicken or veal versus" poultry products ") and a source of carbohydrates to reduce the risk of possible antigenic stimulations," says Nelson. A balanced mix of top quality ingredients will reduce the risk of harmful reactions to food.
Vitamins and minerals: Biotin and vitamin E in particular restore nutrients from both skin and fur. Nelson also mentions linoleic acid, which can be found in omega 6 unsaturated fatty acids that are obtained from vegetable oils, for their ability to restore the splendor of the coatings.
Wet or dry: Both wet food and dry feed can contain all the ingredients mentioned above. "Premium wet food can provide the same nutritional benefits as dry feed," explains Dr. Amy Dicke, a veterinarian at Iams technical services.
Usual suspects: Some breeds have a greater tendency to suffer from skin and fur problems. Among them are hunting dogs, white dogs (similar to what happens for example to red-haired people with sensitive skin), golden retrievers (and other breeds of thick fur), pomeranians, doberman pinschers and others. Genetic disadvantage: Some wrinkled skin dogs, such as bulldogs and shar-peis, are known for their problematic skin. A recent study published in the journal PLoS Genetics, established that the wrinkled skin of shar-peis contains an excess of hyaluronate as a result of a genetic mutation and is the cause of inflammatory skin disease. "With this information, people can avoid raising shar-peis with many genetic duplications," says Dr. Linda Tintle of the Wurtsboro Veterinary Clinic and co-author of the article. "Understanding the causes can also lead to the application of more effective treatments."