Animals

What breed is my cat?

Hello, I have a doubt, I bought my kitten in a store, they told me it was Persian, but they didn't give me papers and now looking at photos it doesn't look like anything since it doesn't have a crushed nose, its hair is long but not woolly, it seems more A Turkish Angora, but I don't know, I have no idea. Are there classes of Persians that are not flat? I have photos on the page, my cat is called Gilda. Thank you

Registered: 10/23/2008
Posts: 288

Hi air,
Your cat is beautiful and spectacular but I am sure she is not a Persian, I am sorry. The most characteristic of the Persians is their flat nose and your cat is not like that at all.


By the way, I like your kitten more than a Persian, hehe!

Registered: 11/02/2009
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Registered: 10/23/2008
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I do not know if it is very difficult to sex cats when they are puppies but I will explain a case that makes me think that it should not be very easy.

A few years ago a good friend raised one of his Persian cats (today he has 5 cats) a kitten was born and for quite some time (I think remember that a few months) everyone including the vet thought he was a male and I remember a day talking on the phone I asked "How is Erik?" and I answer "well, it's not Erik, it's Erika."

Carme Professional

Registered: 04/02/2009
Posts: 598

The only way to know that your kitten is Persian is the Pedigree, without him there is no way to know.

Looking at the picture looks more like a Turkish Angora as you well say, don't worry, the important thing is that you are healthy and sure that you love her a lot.

If you want to buy a race Persian again, always demand the Pedigree.

Carme Professional

Registered: 04/02/2009
Posts: 598

Breeders know at the time of birth if a baby is male or female and a good veterinarian would have to know, it really is very easy.

I advise you that before buying an animal, whatever it is, first inform yourself in several places, visit several breeders and some stores, then decide who deserves more confidence, not only for the knowledge of the breed but also for the issue of health.

In Persian cats, the PKD-certificate must always be requested.

How to know if a cat is purebred

Unless your cat comes with official documents that describe their ancestors, then your cat is not a pedigree breed cat. You will not be able to show it in any breed category in any cat show, nor should this cat be part of a breeding program.

Purebred cats can "lose their papers" and end up in a shelter, where they will then be adopted by curious new owners. That is not a likely scenario when ethical breeders ensure, through various means, that cats that leave their hatchery never end up in a shelter. However, it can happen, and all that remains in that case is to try to say which breed is most similar to the cat: it will never recover its pedigree status, unless it is clearly identified (for example, using its microchip to track the breeder).

Do you find out what breed my cat is?

We can start by assuming that the cat you adopted is not purebred. However, we all like fancy terms and words, and you can still learn the correct terms to describe your cat's appearance.

It is better to let professionals judge characteristics such as facial proportions or body shape, but the length of the coat, color and pattern are generally easy to say. First, you must determine if your cat has long or short hair. Therefore, he or she is a Domestic Longhair or Domestic Shorthair, also known as DLH and DSH, respectively.

So, there is a whole spectrum of patterns and colors. Once you identify the colors of your cat on this list, you can also have a “red brindle with long hair and a white van” or a “short hair cream and a blue hawksbill,” now, doesn't it sound so elegant? Actually, it will be a very precise answer to the original question, even if it does not offer a real breed name.

Learning the terminology professionals use to describe cats can be fun! We have a complete article about eye colors in cats and what kind of cat each corresponds to.

Origin of the Persian cat

It is not clear when long-haired cats appeared. And it is that the only cats that had the gene that is responsible for the fur is long are the lynx and the snow leopard, and as far as is known, the Felis catus He has never met either. What can be said for sure is that they first appeared in what is today Iran (formerly it was called Persia). Hence the Italian Pietro Della Valle (1586-1652) took several cats that had long hair and took them to Italy in 1620. Some years later, Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc, naturalist and scholar, brought cats of Long hair from the current Ankara (former Angora) in Turkey, to France. Until now, It was not possible to find out if all these cats were of the same breed.

Why does a cat have long hair in a climate as warm as they have in some countries like Iran? Surely you've ever wondered, since nature gives long hair to those animals that live in cold climates, with very intense frosts. Well, there are several theories:

  • One says that some ancestors of the Persian cat they had long hair as they believe, they were originally from Siberia. Later they were introduced in Asia, and later to Western Europe.
  • The second theory says that long hair was nothing more than a mutation what happened to the short-haired cat that lived in the East. This gene could have been maintained thanks to domestication and the selection of cats to cross them.
  • And the third believes that the phenotypic differences of Persians and domestic, that is, round face, broad ears, robust body, are related to Pallas's cat. This is a wild cat that lives in Central Asia, has relatively long hair, flat face, round eyes and low ears.

While they are very different theories, they all point to places in Asia. But it was not there that the selection and breeding process began, but in England. In fact, it is the ‘second homeland’ of the Persian cat, because already in the nineteenth century these cats had many followers. By then the characteristics of the long-haired cat of Asia began to differ from those of the Persian cat. But it is very curious because only the blue cats were called ‘Persian’, even today what we call Persian, for them it is a cat ‘with long hair’. Each color variation corresponds to a different race.

Since it began to breed to date, they have seemed 150 variations. Many breeders, especially from the United States of America, spent time getting young with a more rounded head, a wider and more robust body, and a flatter snout. From 1920 until now he continues to raise them, although there are veterinarians who think that a cat with these characteristics can have many breathing problems. In spite of everything, in the USA and in many countries of Europe, ‘extreme Persian cats’, as they are called, are very popular.

The contemporary Persian cat has been the progenitor of exotic cat. A breed of short hair that has all the features of Persian, except the length of its hair. This new breed was created in the United States in the 60s, and was recognized in 1984. With a semi-long fur, very bright is, like the Persian, a very special cat.

But we do not deviate 🙂. Let us now see the classification of the Persian cat.

Classification

exist more than 100 varieties of Persian cats, so it is undoubtedly the breed that presents the most variety of colors (white, black, bicolor ...). As there are so many, four groups have been made, so it is much easier to classify them. Each one of them is different from the rest, but all are determined according to the way in which these colors are distributed and according to the genes involved.

Here would enter all the Persian cats that they only have a single color, either solid or diluted: black, blue, lilac, red, cream, chocolate, white, bicolor, tricolor.

If your Persian cat has part of the hair depigmented, it is because it has the Inhibitor gene (gene I). Depending on the color ratio, Persian chinchillas cats are distinguished (shell), shaded (shaded) or smoked (smoke). Thus we have:

Shaded

  • golden: that are golden with the reddish bottom
  • silver: that are white, with silver depigmentation
  • three color: Persians that have a solid color background> Gen C

Gene C comes from Siamese cats, which also gives our protagonists a stronger color density in their tail, ears, nose And in the legs.

The Agouti gene (gene A) makes wild marks visible of the cat. It can be combined with the previous genes. According to the color, seven divisions are distinguished:

  • Color dots or colorpoint
  • Solid colors> Standard

According to the CFA (Cat Fanciers ’Association) we will know that we are facing a Persian cat if it shows these characteristics:

The head, as we said, has to be round, with the wide skull. Its structure has to be smooth and soft, not too exaggerated. The face should also be round, placed on a neck that has to be short and wide. When viewed in profile, the chin, nose and forehead appear to be in vertical alignment.

Has to be well developed, rounded Y full.

They must be full, with the snout well fitted between them.

The eyes must be big, color sparkly, round. They will be very separate, but level.

They have to be little, with the rounded tip and the base not too wide. They must be tilted forward, placed far apart from each other and in a low position.

It must have low legs, wide and deep chest. Strong, with good muscle tone.

Jaws

They have to be Powerful and wide.

The front legs have to be straight, while the rear legs will only be that way if viewed from the back. They also have to be wide and short.

If we talk about the tail, this one will be short, but well proportioned.

Your fingers (five on the front legs and 4 on the back) will be together. The claws will be large, firm and rounded.

This stuffed animal must of course have the long and thick hair that covers the entire body, including the tail. Its fine and bright texture will make you not want to stop stroking it.

Disqualifications

To avoid confusion, the CFA considers that it will not be a Persian cat if it presents:

    some deform> Persian cat CFA classification

  • Head - 30 points
  • Body - 20 points
  • Mantle - 10 points
  • Balance - 5 points
  • Refinement - 5 points
  • Fur color - 20 points
  • Eye color - 10 points

Behavior / character

The personality or rather, felinity, of the Persian cat is perfectly combined with that of those people who are calm. In fact, the Persians are cats to whom they love to spend hours and hours lying on the couch, so much so that they are often known by such curious names as "leather furniture" or "sofa tigers." Unfortunately, if you are looking for a cat that is active, the Persian will not be a very good choice, although of course you will also have moments when you will want to play and run around, but not as they will be as frequent as they are, for example, for a sparkler or to a common European cat.

The Persians are very intelligent, and they know well who takes care of them. They may love this person very much, who will not hesitate to ask for pampering and caresses ... but without going over. If they start to feel very uncomfortable, they will let you know. How? Very easy: most of the time they will simply leave, but when they feel they are being harassed they can snort, throw their ears back and, if the harassment continues, they can scratch and / or bite. Thus, It is very important that we leave them alone, letting them come to us and not vice versa.

Otherwise, It is an ideal cat for people who live alone, also for those who have an advanced age, because although they need some care that we will see next, it is that responsibility that will make them feel useful, that they feel really alive and loved. Something that, ultimately, we all need, especially from a certain age. Although the Persian cat can also become the perfect cat for families or younger couples, as long as they look for a furry companion that is calm by nature.

The Persian cat is like a stuffed animal that loves to control its own day to day, and one of the few that will adapt without problems to live inside, either in a flat, apartment or house. And because of their docile temperament, they are considered cats only for indoors, so you will not need to worry about anything. Although, that does not mean that we do not have to leave it at home, only with food, water and a bed. It is a cat, a living being, that will need other kind of attention because otherwise it will get bored and can destroy like any other cat.

But if it is well attended, it will be difficult for you to hear meowing. Many do not even emit any sound, except when they get scared or when they feel bad. In addition, they are very intelligent, so much that they will learn very quickly where they should go to do their needs, and what is the best place to take a nap (usually, it will be next to the person to whom you have more confidence). And, as if that were not enough, if tomorrow you are going to increase your cat family, they usually accept their new partner without problems, but still it is important that you go little by little to avoid dislikes. To make friends, you have to follow some socialization steps that will allow you to have a solid and lasting friendship, are the following:

First phase

The first thing we have to do, first of all, is to introduce the new cat in the carrier and head home, where our Persian will surely be waiting for us. As soon as you open the door, it is very advisable that we observe how both animals act: if one of them snorts and / or growls, we will take the 'new' immediately to a room that we will have prepared with food, water, a bed and his own sand tray, otherwise, that is, if they are curious about each other, then we will leave the new cat still inside the carrier on the ground So they can smell. We will leave about 5-10 minutes (we must not force the situation) and take the new cat to the room. The next day, and for a week, we will repeat this same action every day, a couple of times until the new cat starts showing desire to go out and be with the Persian cat, and until he feels more comfortable with his presence.

During this first phase it is normal that, although it seems that everything is going well, there is the odd snort. But if cats do not take their claws, and approach each other with curiosity, no problem.

Second stage

Once the two animals feel good with each other, we can encourage (we, yes 🙂) to bring them together, without transport in between. Of course, I recommend that for at least 2-3 days put them on both sides of a baby barrierIn this way, the two will have the same freedom of movement and will be able to do something that they probably do a lot from now on: touching each other with their legs. And, the same, if there are no snorts or ‘aggressive’ behaviors, from the fourth day we can, now yes, remove the barrier and wait to see how they behave.

In this phase it is very important that we are calm, otherwise the animals will notice and feel tense. If you are very nervous, take a lime or take the 10 minutes before doing breathing or relaxation exercises, or start doing something that calms you down. It may seem silly, an unimportant detail, but believe me, it works.

Third phase

In this third and final phase, your two cats will have been able to at least tolerate. It's time to start normal life, with two beautiful hairy ones. Of course, from time to time you will see that they snort, or that they even put on top of each other as if they were fighting, but these behaviors are normal. Further, You will know that they have gotten into trouble when:

  • Turn your ears back, or forward
  • Show teeth
  • Have your eyes fixed on your ‘opponent’
  • Bufen and / or growl
  • Keep the tail low, moving only the tip, or if you have it between the legs

If it were the case that either of them were like this, would have to take it and move it away from the other cat, after which I would advise you to buy a Feliway brand diffuser. This product mimics feline pheromones, making them feel calmer and, therefore, calmer when they are with their furry partner.

The diffuser will be put on the room where the family makes more life, but it does not hurt to acquire any more to put them in which the cats spend a lot of time resting. So sure we will get them accepted.

Must have much patience when you want a cat to get along with another furry. They are very territorial animals that do not usually like to share their ‘domains’ with others. It will depend on the sociability of each cat that takes more or less time to accept the ‘new’. From my own experience I can tell you that the rush is not good, and force the situation either. In the event that it is done, the only thing we will get is that the cats not only do not get along, but also fight with all that that entails (tense family environment, injuries, having to be constantly watching them).

As I said, in this process it is essential to remain calm. Thus, it will be necessary that, before putting them together, even if we are in the first phase, we breathe, count to 10, and release the air little by little. If there is no effect, we repeat. The future friendship of our two cats depends, above all, on what mood we have when we are with them.

Hygiene and care

The Persian cat needs a series of care and attention to lead a full, happy life.

As he has long hair it will be necessary that let's brush it at least once a day with a type of comb that is known as a card or, even better, with a FURminator, which is special for removing dead hair, very, very practical. During the warmer months, however, you will have to brush it 2 to 4 times a day, so not only will it keep something cooler, but we will also prevent the house from getting hairy 🙂.

We must clean your eyes daily, since they usually present lagañas and tearing. For this, we will use feminine make-up cotton that we will moisten in warm water. Then, we will clean your eyes carefully, and dry it with another dry cotton.

We will clean them once every day with some special wipes that you will find in veterinary clinics or in pet shops. It will be necessary to pass them only by the auditory pavilion, that is, on the outermost part of the ear, never inside.

How to get used to the bathroom

To make the bathroom a pleasant moment for him, we will put a low-rise tray with warm water (neither too cold nor too hot) inside the bathroom, and we will encourage him to approach with a piece of food that he loves. It will surely approach you fast, so when it does, give him many pampering and his food as soon as he has approached the tray. For the moment, we will not bathe it, we just want you to associate the tray with water with something positive.

For about 5-7 days, we will continue to do the same, and as of the eighth day we will be able to take some water from the tray and carefully pour it over, like “he who does not want the thing”. It is likely to be missed, or scared, but if it stays in the same place, let it recover from the fright and, when it has succeeded, give it a prize (treat for cats, caresses).

The next day we can start putting the cat in the bathtub, as long as we feel calm and see that the hairy does not dislike being in the bathroom.

How to bathe it

Before putting it in the bathtub, we have to prepare everything we are going to need: shampoo andconditioner for cats, towel, dryer and later fill the tub with warm water (about 2-4cm). You got it? Then get to work:

  • We will rinse the cat well, except the face, holding it by the back (firm, but soft, without harming it)
  • We will apply shampoo all over the body, performing asmall massage until the foam is created.
  • We will clarify, removing all the remains.
  • We will apply conditioner, just as we did with the shampoo, and we will let it act for a maximum of 2 minutes.
  • We will clarify for the last time, and we put it on a towel.
  • You we dry Fine hair with the dryer. By the way, it is highly recommended to use a professional one, since it allows us to manipulate the cat better. Another option is for a person to hold the cat, while another is responsible for drying their hair. Much cu> Care

Like any other cat, we have to take care of it. This means that we have to provide everything you need to make your life with us as good as possible.

I think dry

It is the type of food that sells the most, because it is really comfortable for us. However, there are many brands and from time to time they appear again, so it will depend on the money we want / we can spend choosing one or the other. What I do advise you is that you give it a good quality feed, since the current and future health will depend on it to a great extent. So, feed that have a 70% minimum meat and the rest vegetables, will be the most suitable. These will keep the fur soft and shiny, healthy and strong teeth, in short, you will have a healthy cat.

The only drawback is that they have very low humidity (less than 20%), and since cats do not drink much water, it is not too much to occasionally give them a can, especially in summer which is when they drink even less.

I think wet

Wet feed is one that has a minimum of 80% humidity. It is also quite comfortable, because you just have to open and serve. But they have a very important drawback and that is we can't leave the feeder full all day It would attract flies, ants and any insects that might be around the house. In addition, the price is somewhat higher, so it is usually given more as a prize.

I also recommend looking for one of quality, which has a high percentage of meat, so that the cat's body remains healthy throughout its life.

Natural food

This type of food is the most suitable for all animals, including of course Persian cats. They can be given meat from chicken thighs and other meats (always boneless), liver, heart, fish (without bones), and vegetables such as parsley or thyme. Before giving it, put it in a pot until the water starts to boil to clean it well.

Giving you natural food is more expensive than giving you feed and requires more preparation time, but what you spend on food ... you save it on veterinary expenses, so in the end it comes to mind.

It is mandatory that you give the following vaccines so that your immune system stays strong to cope with possible infections:

  • At 3 months: Feline trivalent, which protects against viral rhinotrachetitis, panleukopenia and calcivirus.
  • At 4 months: against feline leukemia, and a second dose of trivalent.
  • At 5 months: third and last trivalent dose.
  • At 6 months: Against rage
  • Once a year you will have to vaccinate again against rabies.

Remember that before you vaccinate, you must be dewormed.

Deworming of the Persian cat

There are several ways to deworm a cat: with pills, pipettes, sprays or natural remedies.

  • Pills: they serve to eliminate intestinal parasites, or external. In the case that they are to eliminate or fight the worms, it must be given once every 3 months, and if they are for fleas and / or ticks, it will be one per month.
  • Pipettes: They are very effective. They are applied on the back of the neck, right in the center, and protects you against insects for a month.
  • Spray: with them the cat is sprayed, as many times a month as you want, taking care> Other care

The Persian cat is a furry who loves company. He will enjoy being by your side, either watching TV or waiting for you to finish your homework. In addition, he gets along very well with children, especially if they have a calm character. And, like any cat, there is nothing that he likes more to pay attention to and take care of as it deserves. Thus, it is important that:

  • Let's put a toilet tray in a room where it can't be disturbed, with an agglomerating sand that does not dirty its legs. I recommend that it is sand (gravel type) that is mixed with betonite, or silica. Its price is somewhat higher than that of other arenas, but having only one cat can give you about 2-3 months, if not more.
  • Having a flat face, it is very important that we give a ball drinker (for rabbits). At first it is normal that he does not know how it works, so it will be up to us to teach him. You can pass a piece of ham for example to perceive the smell and want to try it.
  • We buy several beds since it is more than likely that you do not want to sleep in only one. Thus, you can put one in the bedroom, a scraper with a bed in the living room, and another in the living room. And don't forget> Diseases and health problems

The Persian cat is a stuffed animal that unfortunately has diseases that we could qualify as breed. The selection and breeding of these felines have meant that we currently have to face a series of problems that can harm them. Let us know what we have to stick to:

Problems due to the shape of your face

Having a flattened face, with a pressed nose, its tear ducts continuously secrete and stain the skin under the eyes, which can cause skin ulcers. Also, eyelashes and nose hair can rub your eyes, and your little nose can cause them respiratory problems.

The bad bite, or malocclusion, is very common in these cats. Not to mention that, due to the altered shape of their head, females have difficulty giving birth.

Hair balls

When having long hair, you have to brush them often to reduce the risk of suffering from problems with hairballs. They can cause you a lot of discomfort, such as constipation or vomiting and nausea. Proper brushing and quality food will greatly prevent your Persian cat from swallowing an excessive amount of hair.

On the fur

This is a cat that has always been related to royalty, and that is It has a longer and softer coat than other cat breeds. When you touch it, you immediately think you have some cotton in your hands, and not a cat. But remember to brush it daily so it stays healthy and shiny.

Is it indoor or outdoor?

Well, I don't like to classify cats that way, because after all we are talking about animals that have been designed by nature to hunt. Now, from the Persian one could say, and we would not be mistaken, that it has been created by the human being, so even if it still has a cat's body, due to its flat face I could have many problems to live abroad. And in fact, I don't think anyone plans to leave their little furry away from home and can have him on the couch, right? 🙂

Do you understand the language?

Well, the first thing is to check in what language they speak. It may seem silly, but it is easy to meet people who simply write a text in their mother tongue, translate it with a translator, and put that text on the web pages. Web translators are not accurate, and they make many mistakes. If that text seems to be, for example, in Spanish, but has words that you don't understand and are written in an incorrect order, be suspicious.

Are you in too much hurry?

When a seller seems to be in a hurry, or when he wants to sell you a kitten less than 2 months old, distrust. A cat should never be separated from his mother so soon. It is much more advisable to wait until you have at least 8 weeks of life, since so both your parent and your siblings will have taught you the basics of being a cat.

Pet shops

In pet shops, they usually have cats of different breeds, and if they don't have the one you're looking for, they'll take care of it. But what about these places? Well, unfortunately most animals that sell here are the result of a massive breeding from eastern countries. Mothers live in cages throughout their lives, and only stop again and again. Kittens that arrive alive to the store usually have many health problems both in the short and medium term.

So, if you want to buy one in store, ask the exact origin of the kitten. They should not be afraid to show you the papers of origin of the animal.

The Persian cat is one of the oldest breeds in the world, so you will surely find a hatchery near you. However, it is worth visiting several to compare them.

A good hatchery will have:

  • The facilities in good condition
  • Drinkers with clean fresh water
  • Feeder clean, with food
  • Hygienic trays with clean sand, no bad odors
  • Well-groomed cats, with shiny fur and desire to play, healthy
  • The parents of the offspring will have enrolled in some pedigree association (CFA, TICA, WFC ...)

And of course, will solve all doubts you have while letting you be with the puppies to make it easier for you to choose one.

If you buy him a cat, the pedigree will provide you with the owner transfer sheet when I deliver it to you. In the event that you have not registered, they will not be able (only the hatcheries can) to register your furry in any association.

Individuals

It does not usually happen, but occasionally there is a private individual whose cat has raised and wants to sell the offspring. Well, it's as good a way as any other to get a Persian cat, as long as it allows you to go home to see them, and no las dé con menos de dos meses de edad.

Estado de salud de las crías

Independientemente de dónde compres a tu gato persa, éste debe de mostrar el carácter típico de cachorro, es decir, tiene que:

  • Mostrarse activo
  • Querer jugar con sus hermanos y con su madre
  • Tener curios >Precios del gato persa

Los precios del gato persa pueden variar bastante. En una tienda de animales pueden costar unos 200 euros, pero te los dan sin pedigrí y sin ningún certificado que confirme que es de pura raza. Los particulares suelen vender los gatitos por esos precios también, así que es conveniente pensar bien de dónde quieres conseguir a tu persa.

Sin embargo, en un criador profesional, te pedirán 700 euros por uno que quieras como ”animal de compañía”, el cual te darán ya esterilizado, o 900 si lo quieres para reproducirlo. Es bastante más caro, pero así te aseguras de que te llevas a casa un gato sano, con los papeles del pedigrí y de las pruebas si le han hecho alguna, y conociendo a los padres.

Adoptar a un gato persa

No es frecuente que abandonen a los gatos de esta raza, pero en los refugios y protectoras de animales a veces te los encuentras. Estos gatos son ya adultos, que por un motivo u otro han acabado en estos lugares. Si buscas un amigo para siempre y no te importa que no tenga pedigrí, date una vuelta por los refugios o protectoras de tu zona. Es muy probable que un gato persa te esté esperando.

Hasta aquí esta mega-guía de una de las razas de gatos más populares: el gato persa. Esperamos que te haya sido de utilidad y, si te animas a convivir con uno de estos peluditos, sólo darte la enhorabuena por la decisión. Te llevarás a casa un animal encantador 🙂 .

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¿Cuántas razas de gatos existen y cuál es su origen?

Según expertos y asociaciones internacionales felinas, existen un aproximado de 100 razas de gatos domésticos, las cuales poseen características, colores carácter y variedades, propias de cada especie.

A pesar de que los gatos tienen milenios conviviendo con los humanos, el concepto de «razas de gatos» como lo conoces actualmente tiene su origen a finales del siglo XIX, momento en el cual, las primeras exposiciones felinas estimularon la creación de clubes de raza en Europa y Norteamérica.

El concepto de «razas de gatos» como lo conoces actualmente tiene su origen a finales del siglo XIX.

Es por esto que las primeras razas de gatos surgieron naturalmente, pero luego otras han sido creadas por la intervención del hombre que han potenciado y conservado ciertas características o mutaciones hasta alcanzar el estándar deseado mediante el cruce de especies.

Los criadores de gatos señalan que seleccionan crías de ejemplares saludables para producir gatos sanos. Sin embargo, es importante saber que los problemas genéticos de salud o ciertas enfermedades y anomalías pueden aparecer más tarde.

55 Razas de gatos que debes conocer y saber cómo son

Para los amantes de los gatos es maravilloso conocer la variedad de gatos que existen en el mundo felino. Quizá estés en busca del amigo felino ideal o quieras expandir tu conocimiento gatuno, para ambos casos, nada mejor que descubrir todas las especies diferentes de gatitos que existen en el mundo.

Cada especie o raza de minino posee características únicas que la diferencia de cualquier otra, es por ello que diferentes expertos e historiadores animales se han dado la tarea de clasificar a los gatos en diferentes razas, según su hábitat, pelaje, tamaño y origen. ¿Tienes curiosidad por conocer cuáles son las razas de gatos más populares, tiernas y extrañas que existen en el mundo?

A continuación te compartimos las razas de felinos más cautivantes y maravillosas del reino animal.

American Wirehair

La principal características de estos gatos es que poseen el pelo áspero, producto de una mutación no intencional en un gato rojiblanco que nació con el pelaje extrañamente áspero y el cual se conoce como el antepasado común de todos los mininos con este pelaje que existen. Ellos son felinos doméstico con una buena capacidad de adaptación, resistentes a enfermedades y muy inteligentes.

Birmano Europeo

Esta raza de gato también es conocida como el Sagrado de Birmania y es un minino del que se conocen muchas leyendas de cómo fue su llegada a Europa. Luego de la Segunda Guerra Mundial solo quedo una pareja europea existente en Francia y costó mucho recuperar este tipo de especie.

La apariencia de este minino es similar a la de los gatos persas, pero con la diferencia de que tienen el pelo corto. Están caracterizados por tener la cara aplastada, ojos redondos y orejas pequeñas. Su personal >

Khao Manee

El Khao Manee también es conocido como ojo de diamante, es un hermoso gato tailandés extraño por la apariencia de sus ojos, pues comúnmente tiene un ojo verde y otro azul. Debido a un gen por su condición de albinos, estos gatos suelen nacer parcial o totalmente sordos. Además de esto, maullar para pedir cariño es su pasatiempo favorito.

Debido a su apariencia podría considerarse que es una variación del gato azul ruso, pero con el pelo largo. Los gatos nebelung son una especie extraña doméstica de origen estadounidense cuyos rasgos y pelaje suelen llamar la atención. Sin embargo, solo en el físico resultan raros, pues a pesar de esto, son mininos muy animados, inteligentes y juguetones, aunque con los desconocidos suelen mantenerse alejados.

Su aspecto salvaje está muy marcado en su aspecto físico y esto es debido a su pelaje moteado. El Ocicat es una raza de gato americana fuerte y musculosa, con una personalidad enérgica y además son muy curiosos.

Scottish Fold

El Fold escocés es un minino de orejas pequeñas y dobladas hacia delante. Tienen una excelente capacidad para adaptarse y un carácter bastante marcado. Si tienes un gatito como este o quieres uno, es importante que sepas que no pueden ser cruzados entre sí para evitar anomalías óseas. Además son felinos domésticos amistosos, tranquilos y confían en las personas.

Una de las principales características que destaca al snowshoe, es tener una «V» invert >

Un cruce entre el gato siamés y el burmés, dio como resultado esta maravillosa raza llamada Tokinés. Los mininos de esta especie están caracterizados por tener el fuerte maullido del siamés y el cuerpo alargado y ancho del birmano. Con muy activos, cariñosos y simpáticos.

El minino doméstico llamado Toyger, es una raza de gato que fue creada para obtener un tigre de menor escala y poder tenerlo como mascota. Además también para que las personas hagan conciencia de que los tigres deben estar en libertad. Son gatos activos, fáciles de entrenar, inteligentes y longevos.

¿Abundante, corto o sin pelo? Razas de gatos según el largo de su pelaje

El pelaje de los gatos es realmente variante, aunque no parezca. En el mundo existen mininos con el pelo largo, con una belleza majestuosa, con el pelo corto, el más común y también sin pelo. Se podría decir que de acuerdo a esta característica existe un gato ¡Para todos los gusto!

El pelaje de los mininos es un pelo protector brillante y grueso que posee una capa aislante inferior más fina

Se sabe que los primeros gatos eran de tamaño mediano con pelaje fino, luego las posteriores variaciones mantuvieron el pelo corto que varían de muy a espeso a escaso, prácticamente sin pelo, pero es la mano que ha creado mutaciones en el pelo y su forma que dan como resultado las razas existentes con pelajes y características únicas.

Gatos de pelo corto

Los gatos con el pelo corto son los más habituales y conocidos por las personas, pues ellos provienen desde el origen de los primeros mininos y se han mantenido hasta nuestros días. Si te gusta este tipo de pelaje en los gatos, te mostraremos las razas de gatos de pelo corto más conocidas.

  • Scottish Fold
  • Gato Oriental
  • Abisinio
  • Lykoi
  • Siamés
  • Bengalí
  • British Shorthair
  • Snowshoe
  • Cartujo
  • Gato Europeo
  • Bobtail Japonés
  • Ocicat
  • Cornish Rex
  • Toyger
  • Manx
Este pelaje en mininos es el más común, pues provienen de los antepasados de los gatos y es producto de mutaciones.

Razas de gatos de pelo largo

El rasgo genético recesivo del pelo largo, los gatos domésticos lo heredaron de sus antepasados salvajes, sin embargo en su hábitat natural no existen, pues fue una mutación genética que dio como resultado todas las razas de gatos de pelo largo que se conocen. Son los criadores, quienes han potenciado esta característica de determinadas razas de gatos, tienen el pelo largo.

  • Persa
  • Maine coon
  • Balinés
  • Bosque Noruega
  • Curl Americano
  • Van Turco
  • Siberiano
  • Gato Himalayo
  • Nebelung
Los criadores de gatos son los mayores responsables de crear esta mutación de mininos con el pelo largo.

Razas de gatos que carecen de pelaje (No tienen pelo)

Si algunos gatos se destacan con un hermoso y salvaje pelaje, hay otros que también lo hacen, pero de forma contraria: por la ausencia de pelo. Esta carencia de pelo es el resultado de una mutación genética natural, producida por el gen de la calvicie, el cual es raro y recesivo, razón por la cual, los gatos sin pelo suelen ser muy costosos.

Existen muchas personas que admiran la minino pelado por su peculiar belleza y por la ventaja de tener un animal sin pelo que facilita la higiene del hogar y es menos probable provocar reacciones alérgicas en los propietarios, pero también hay quienes sienten miedo o alguna incomodidad al ver estos gatitos. Sea cual sea tu caso, te mostraremos esta maravilla de minino ¿Te ánimas?

Levkoy ucraniano

El levkoy ucraniano es una especie de gato proveniente de Ucrania, bastante reciente, pues fue reconocida y consolidada como raza en el año 2011. Este minino nace a partir de cruces entre el scottish fold y gatos donskoy.

Los rasgos físicos del bambino son muy particulares, principalmente por sus patas cortas, lo cual le hace lucir un aspecto muy diferente al resto de las demás razas de gatos sin pelo. Este minino es el resultado del cruce entre el gato esfinge y el munchkin.

Gato peterbald

El gato peterbald es proveniente de San Petersburgo, Rusia y surgió durante la década de los 90 como resultado del cruce entre un donskoy y siamés. Los rasgos finos y elegantes le dan una apariencia oriental, de esta forma es fácil de distinguirlo de las demás razas felinas sin pelo.

Las razas de gatos más pequeñas del mundo ¡Adorables!

Para lo pequeños espacios como un apartamento lo más ideal es buscar un minino que se adapte al tamaño del hogar, pues si el gato es grande tendría dificultades para moverse con tranquilidad, sobretodo para trepar los muebles y saltar de un la lado a otro, pues muchos de ellos aman las alturas. Además de esto, lo más resaltante es que los gatitos diminutos son súper tiernos y se robarán tu corazón.

Veamos cuáles son las razas de gatos más pequeñas del mundo felino ¡se robarán tu corazón!

Maine coon

sxdEl gato Bengala o Bengalí supera el metro de longitud y puede pesar más de 10 kilogramos. Proviene del estado de Maine en los Estados Unidos, por tal motivo su nombre. El origen de esta raza hace referencia a un mito que afirma que esta raza es un híbrido entre un gato salvaje y un mapache.

Gato de Bengala o bengalí

También conocido como «gato leopardo», es una raza de gato fácilmente reconocible por su pelaje, cuyos colores y exuberantes franjas son muy similares a las de un tigre. El Bengala es de tamaño grande con un peso medio, que varía entre 5 y 6 kilogramos y algunos machos pueden superar los 9 kg.

Highlander

Un cruce entre un gato american curl y linces dio como resultado esta raza de particulares orejas y grandes ojos, cuyos mininos presentan notables dimensiones y pueden pesar más de 9 kilos.

A pesar de que no son muy altos, los van turco tienen una notable robustez y pueden pesar fácilmente 8 kilogramos cuando son adultos. Esta raza es originaria del lago Van, que se encuentra en Turquía. Son mininos muy vocales y amantes del agua.

Bosque de Noruega

Gracias a su abundante y espeso pelaje, el Bosque de Noruega pudo sobrevivir al frío extremo de los países escandinavos. Estos mininos son robustos, pero no muy altos y de adultos pueden a llegar a pesar hasta 9 kilogramos.

No es casualidad que este minino sea denominado como un «puma miniatura» y no es solo por su apariencia, también es por su instinto cazador y gran energía. En su etapa adulta puede alcanzar hasta 9 kilogramos de peso.

Razas de gatos con mayor antigüedad en el mundo ¡Conócelas!

Desde la antigüedad los gatos han sido adorados por los humanos y en la actualidad son retratados como compañeros de las sociedades, en antiguas pinturas de la civilización egipcia. A pesar de todo esto que se remonta hace unos 3.000 años a.C, hace apenas unos 10.000 años se estima que comenzó el proceso de domesticación.

Mau egipcio

El mau egipcio es considerado como la raza de gato más antigua del mundo, según muchos expertos ¡Sorprendente! Sus antepasados en el Antiguo Egipto datan de hace unos 4000 años. Los propios egipcios comenzaron a perfeccionar esta raza, quienes escogían los mejores ejemplares para crear la representación ideal para la venerada figura felina.

Angora turco

En el centro de Turquía fue donde se originó esta raza, razón por la cual, los mininos de esta especie son considerados como tesoro nacional. Estiman que los Angoras turcos fueron introducidos en Europa por los vikingos durante el siglo X y fue registrada oficialmente en algunos escritos franceses del siglo XVI.

Este hermoso minino de pelaje azulado pertenece a una raza originaria de Tailandia y es conocido como «el gato de la suerte». Los primeros registros de esta especie datan del año 1935.

Las razas de gatos que puedes adoptar si eres alérgico

Congestión nasal, recurrentes estornudos e irritación en los ojos son los síntomas de la alergia a los gatos que padecen el 30% personas alérgicas al tener contacto principalmente con mininos o perros. Esto no es consecuencia de la presencia en sí del felino, sino por las proteínas que se encuentran en la orina, la caspa, o saliva de los animales, llamadas alérgenos.

No existen los gatos 100% hipoalargénicos, pero si hay una serie de razas que producen menor cantidad del alérgeno

Así que en definitiva, el pelo del felino no es el causante de la alergia, como se suele creer, pues el 80% de las personas que son alérgicas a los gatos, en realidad lo son a la proteína Fel D1 que se produce en la saliva, piel o algunas órganos del minino que también puede acumularse en el pelaje.

Si eres alérgica a esta proteína pero te encantan los gatos y te rehúsas a la idea de no tener a uno como mascota, debes saber que existen razas de gatos cuyos organismos no producen la proteína Fel D1. ¡Veamos cuáles son!

Gato siberiano

La principal y más llamativa característica de este minino es su denso y largo pelaje, lo cual puede llevarte a pensar que tiene mayor probabilidad de acumular alérgenos, sin embargo es el gato más recomendado para personas alérgicas y esto es debido a que es la raza felina con menos cantidad de proteína Fel D1.

Gato balinés

A pesar de tener un abundante pelaje, el gato balinés produce menos Fel D1 que el resto de las razas de gatos y por esta razón se reduce el riesgo de una reacción alérgica. Este minino también es conocido como siamés de pelo largo, no requiere tantos cuidados, a excepción de su pelo que debe ser cepillado constantemente para evitar formación de nudos.