In this case, breeders grow specimens based on the beauty of their colors, in addition to color canaries they must have a smooth plumage, without curls, attached to their body, not too thick, nor excessively thin. The average size will oscillate around 15 cm, likewise the wings should not remain drooping, nor cross each other, they should be well embedded to the body, tail with “M” shaped termination, head in proportion to its body, short beak and conical, specimens with excessively thin beaks are discarded. There are two groups of color canaries:
Melanics: Existence of melanins or pigments distributed throughout your body, can be black or brown (eumelanins) and reddish in color (pheomelanin). In those parts where there is no pigmentation, the base or lipochrome color of the canary is appreciated. The following basic colors are recognized:
- Agate:It is a diluted variety of green color.
- Black-bruno:canaries that have black eumelanin.
- Bruno:in this case eumelanin is brown.
- Isabella: It is a kind of diluted bruno, a result of mating between bruno and agate canaries.
In addition, due to mutations of the basic colors, other varieties of color canaries originate: Pastel, Opal, Rubino, Satiné, Topaz, Eumo and Onix. Taking into account the multiple combinations between melanin and lipochrome color, there are a great variety of specimens.
Lipochromes: These birds have solid colors, that is, without melanins. The following colors of lipochromes are recognized: yellow, red, dominant white, recessive white and the mutated version of basic colors, we refer to the canary lipochrome ivory, characterized in having muted or diluted shades. There are lipochromic and melanic specimens that have the peculiarity of having red eyes. In addition, both groups are classified into three categories, depending on the location of the lipochrome and the texture of the bird:
- Intense:Uniform coloration throughout the body, strong hue, stylized, short and fine plumage.
- Snowy:The edge of the pen has a clear coloration, the hue is less intense than the previous one, this effect is due to the fact that the lipochrome does not expand until the end of the pen.
- Mosaic:certain spotted areas of the body, in males, more predominant than in females, since sexual dimorphism is very marked.
Snowfall and mosaics have an abundance of feather, with a thicker appearance than intense canaries.
The posture canaries have certain peculiarities in their phenotype, different from the color of the bird studied previously, for example, the curly ones, as the name implies, have a curly plumage in the chest, flank and back, another variety, the moñudos , they have a bow covering their head. There are also those who adopt certain forms, highlighting the Spanish Giboso canary, which has to form with the head and neck an angle of 45 to 60 º, the Norwich with its short and rounded body, in the form of a ball, finally, other canaries stand out by its particular design, as is the case of the Lizard canary.
The canaries by races
We have to comment that within these birds there are different races, and they are grouped into three main groups: canaries of races by color, song canaries and canaries of type or posture.
Canaries of race by color. As the name implies, these birds are bred with special care because of the color of the plumage. To achieve wonderful color variations, breeders or canaricultores use genetic principles for the crossing of canaries. The results are spectacular and you can enjoy a combination of feather colors such as yellow, even golden, but also red with tan, silver white and green or bronze tones that can make this combination a gift for our eyes and make this breed of Canaries are highly valued.
Within the race of color we must highlight two large groups:
- The lipochromatic canaries they are the ones that present basic colors red, white and yellow.
- The melanic canaries They are those of dark pigments.
Singing canaries. The little birds that belong to this group may be the ones we choose the most as a pet. The greatest importance in this breed is to obtain specimens with great skill to vary and combine their trills so that what we hear is a true melody.
Within the singing race we can distinguish:
- The roller canaries They have a soft and sweet bell.
- Americans, with a much stronger melodic song.
- The canaries of Spanish timbrado type They combine a great variety of trills and gorgorites in such a way that Spanish music looks like what comes out of their peaks.
Canary of type or position. The canaries of this breed show some particular physical characteristics of each bird, such as size and shape, but also posture. Within this group we highlight among others:
- The yorkshire canary that has a great bearing with an upright posture> The canary is a great pet
These birds are excellent pets and live very pleasantly with humans and can even reproduce without too many complications, their care and maintenance are simple and anyone can take care of this animal without problem.
Male canaries can live for about 10 years but specimens are known that have reached even 20 years. Females have a much shorter longevity, around 6 years.
At first glance, there are no characteristics that differentiate the male from the female, although breeders and very skilled people can distinguish them after six months.
After they turn 7 or 8 months it is much easier to meet them, because the males will begin to sing, in these birds only the males do it, the females only pianize in a very soft way.
When we want to enjoy a canary as a pet, we always choose the males because it is only they who will give us their songs with their beautiful voices. Canarian females are usually needed when we want to raise and have chicks.
About the reasons to choose a canary as a pet, you can know more in this link.
Canary needs as a pet
In the first place we must acquire a suitable cage so that they are comfortable and therefore happy, we do not need more than it is spacious, has support sticks, a drinking fountain and one or two feeders.
It is very important that we choose a suitable place to place the cage. There should be no drafts or be exposed to direct sun and we must avoid extreme or very changing temperatures.
The food will consist of the appropriate birdseed for canaries that we can find without difficulty in any specialized establishment and even in supermarkets. These feeds are already complete so that the diet is adequate including the necessary daily vitamins.
If you think, some days of the week you can place a leaf of lettuce or a piece of raw carrot or apple, they like it very much.
Especially in the time of molt or reproduction it is very advisable to provide a food supplement based on fruit, vegetables and eggs.
And it is very convenient that we place a sepia bone for them to peck, with this you ensure the calcium intake necessary for them to have a strong peak.
We recommend that a cleaning ritual be done daily, remove the remains of birdseed that have been discarded, fill in the feeders, and it is very important to change the drinking water (a canary can not be a single day without water, it would die).
Another funny and funny fact, the birds clean their feathers regularly using the beak but, they also like to bathe and it will be very funny to see him as he does, you can put a tiny container on the floor of the cage for him to take his bath. And there are some canaries that prefer "the shower" and you just have to leave the cage under a trickle of tap water and they will be placed underneath.
It is important to control the length of the nails because occasionally they need to be cut.
The care, as you see, are very simple but not least, good conditions of care and cleanliness will make your canary live longer.
How many races of canaries are there?
At present, they meet more than 30 types of canaries, this being the most abundant species of domestic bird in the world together with the parakeets. Although there are many possible classifications, canary breeds are usually divided into three large groups:
- Singing canaries: Here, we find the most coveted races in canariculture, thanks to its incredible ability to learn and play complex melodies and a variety of sounds. In the next sections we will see the main races of singing canaries.
- Canaries by color: This, perhaps, is the most basic classification of the canaries, based on the color of their feathers. It is divided into subgroups according to the predominant pigments in their plumage, the lipochromic canaries (shades of dominant and recessive white, yellow and red) and melanic canaries (Black, agate, green, bromine, isabela, brown and ribbed colors).
- The canaries of posture or position: also called canary design or form, they must have certain very specific morphological features to join this group. It is divided into 5 large subgroups: curly plumage canaries, smooth feather canaries, gnarly canaries, smooth plumage canaries, and design canaries.
Paris curly canary
This type of canary of French origin is created from selective crossings between the Lancashire canaries and the northern curly canaries. According to many experts in canariculture, it can be considered the curly canary par excellence, having emerged during the nineteenth century. Its curly plumage is elegant and bulky, being accepted in all varieties of colors. Its most characteristic physical feature is the so-called "rooster tail".
Belgian bossu canary
Originally, this Belgian variety arises from the natural mutation of the Ghent canary, a breed now extinct, in the mid-seventeenth century. They are medium and robust birds, with silky plumage which may have solid or stained coloration, but does not accept reddish hues.
Canary scotch fancy
Created in Scotland during the 19th century, this breed is the result of selective crossings between the Dutch canary, the Glasgow canary and the Belgian bossu canary. Your body is elegant and stylized, with silky and smooth plumage that can be uniform or stained. It stands out for its form of crescent-type display with slightly bent legs, a characteristic inherited from the extinct Glasgow Canary.
This breed of English canary created during the 19th century is a of the most popular worldwide. For its creation, selective crossings have been made between the Lancashire and Norwich canaries. Its characteristic tuft is round, symmetrical and well centered in its head. Its plumage is abundant, completely smooth and silky, and reddish coloration is not accepted.
This traditional type of canary from the United Kingdom is among the larger and more robust races, being able to reach 23 cm in length. Stresses a robust chest, solid back and horseshoe-shaped bow. The most recognized specimens are yellow, but their smooth plumage allows different colors, with the exception of oranges and reds.
Also of English origin, this is another of the races of canaries most appreciated and widespread today. It is characterized by its small size, the solid and plump body, and its plumage smooth and tight. Although the varieties with bun are much more popular, there are also gloster canaries without tuft.
German Knotted Canary
This breed native to Germany is created from crosses between the gloster canary and various German colored canaries. It was officially recognized in the 1960s, being among the breeds of younger canaries. His tuft extends to part of the beak and neck, but never covers his eyes. All varieties of colors are accepted in the smooth plumage of the German bun.
It is a Swiss breed created in the 19th century, from crosses between the Yorkshire canaries. It is characterized by the elongated body, the broad chest, the prominent shoulders and the stylized neck. its plumage is smooth and thick, accepting all the chromatic varieties with the exception of red.
It is a race of origin shared between England and Belgium. The first specimens have been Belgian, but the breed has only been defined on British soil. Stresses its long and smooth plumage, which must be well attached to the body, being able to present white, orange, yellowish and Elizabethan colorations.
Spanish breed canary
Is a breed of Spanish origin, created from crosses between wild canaries and Spanish timbrados. It is a small bird with a thin body, with a hazelnut-shaped head. Their feathers are short, well attached to the body, and can be solid or stained, without accepting reddish hues.
The youngest among all the races of the canaries recognized today, having been recognized in 1996. Created in Spain from crossings between Sevillian, Levantine and wild Canaries. Its body is stylized, with a thin back and chest, oval head, compact and smooth plumage.
It is one of the oldest known Canary breeds, created in the 16th century in England. It is one of the few design canaries still existing. Its most striking feature is the feathers of its back, which are shaped like hemieliptic stretch marks and have double coloration.
If you want to read more articles similar to Types of canaries and their names, we recommend that you enter our Comparisons section.
There are millions of bird species worldwide and the canaries are one of the most common. TO Canaries It is possible to identify them wherever we see them. Although colloquially they are called canaries, their scientific name is Serinus canaria. The canary is a bird that is within the group of small exotic birds. The body of these birds is elongated and their plumage can have different colors.
The canary is a very beloved bird as a pet because of how visually attractive it is and for being ideal to have it in small spaces. Its ease of movement, its accessible cost, and that it is a bird that adapts to any space, make the canary one of the favorite birds of Europeans and Latinos. In addition, the canaries are very cheerful birds and this is something that their owners or buyers like to fill their home with joy.
The canaries are characterized by having a length that does not exceed 12 centimeters, as well as their white, red, bronze and other combinations, although their characteristic color is yellow. This species owes its name to its origin in the Canary Islands.
The canaries have a shy behavior. Although they are small birds, they find it hard to get used to contact with humans. For this reason, it is best that they are inside the cage in places where there is no noise because they stress very easily. With the passage of time, these birds can get used to the presence of their owners. If the home is quiet, the canaries, sooner or later, will get used to their owners. One of the great advantages of choosing canaries as a pet is that they can be alone in the cage.
Spanish ringing canary
It is a subspecies that resides especially in Spain (hence its name).
In the plumage of the Spanish timbrado canary, yellow or green color predominate, although it may also have other colors. The Spanish timbrado canary weighs between 20 and 30 grams and is 13 centimeters long.
The name of this canary is due to the ability of males to sing various tones and rhythms (females do not sing). The Spanish timbrado canary usually gives very beautiful recitals, making it one of the most coveted songbird species for exotic bird lovers. The fact that his notes do not sound hollow, makes it a very popular bird in Spain and in many other parts of the world.
The plumage of the Spanish timbrado canary can be completely yellow or have green tones, in addition to other colors.
This canary usually has a very curious behavior and is a very restless and fast subspecies.
Through its melodies, the Spanish timbrado canary transmits joy to its owners.
It is a bird that can be fed with birdseed, flaxseed, oatmeal, radish, fruits such as apple and pear, and lettuce.
Among the best known subspecies of song is this canary flute, as it is called in some parts of the world.
It is a bird that was discovered in the Canary Islands (Spain) at the end of the 17th century. From its discovery, the roller canary began to be raised in areas of northern Europe, mainly in Germany, where it is a very popular species. Mainly, it was the inhabitants of the Harz Mountains who raised this species. His song, which makes it very special, was used by the miners to detect the grisú. The roller canary developed a deep, soft and melodic song.
At first, the roller canaries were green, but from the mid-twentieth century other varieties appeared in yellow, pastel, white and pink.
They are canaries that measure between 13 and 15 centimeters from the beak to the tail. They are physically strong and their character is noble.
A notable feature they have when singing is that they do it with their beaks closed, resulting in a serious hue with hollow sound. This subspecies can participate in singing competitions, something that is very attractive for lovers of songbirds in Germany and other countries in northern Europe.
Padovano curly canary
Another of the most popular species in Italy is the Padovano curly canary. This species emerged after World War II and was born as a result of the crossing between the Milanese canary and the canary moñudo. According to the data available to date, this exotic bird has its origin in the city of Padua (hence its name).
This bird has an average size of 18 centimeters long and a maximum weight of 20 grams. Its plumage stands out for having curly feathers on the back that fall sideways. Its main feature is the collar that forms between your chest and neck. It is a physically strong bird that has spread its popularity throughout the world.
The Padovano curly canary has a simple diet with flax and millet seeds. It also feeds on fruits such as apples.
The best month for reproduction is February. Be careful because at that time it becomes slightly aggressive.
The Padovano curly canary needs a large cage to live comfortably. In general, it is a subspecies that has a noble and cheerful character.
The Canary lizard is a subspecies that originated in the sixteenth century in the islands of the United Kingdom and is located within the posture canaries. It is a bird that is about 13 centimeters in length.
The canary lizard (means lizard) receives this name because its plumage normally has a double pigmentation that can be yellow, white, reddish, black, brown or green and that, mainly, has the appearance of scales in the chest area.
This canary presents in the head a cap that is white, golden yellow or red. There is also a variety without a cap.
The color of the feathers of some specimens can be gold, silver, gray, red, blue, green and yellow. The Canary lizard is very popular in the United Kingdom and little in the rest of the world where other better known varieties live.
The canary lizard feeds mainly on seeds such as oats, sorghum and wheat.
It is one of the most common species in the exotic bird market. Canary Malinois, also known as Canary Waterslager, was discovered in the 17th century in Belgium. Its name is due to the sound it emits and is similar to that produced by water when it runs through a stream in the mountains. It is the main feature to differentiate it from other species of canaries.
It is a very peaceful bird. He likes to sing and is happy most of the time.
It has a size between 13 and 15 centimeters, and does not weigh more than 20 grams. It is the classic yellow Canary, although canaries of this subspecies with black plumage have also been observed. His eyes are also black.
The Malinois canary is a bird that is quite easy to care for and raise. For those who are beginning in the care and breeding of canaries, it is one of the species most recommended for its character and for the rapid adaptation it has to the environment.
Due to its size, the Malinois canary needs a medium cage. This canary adapts to being with other birds and relaxes with its song.
Their diet requires birdseed, hemp, oatmeal, flax and lettuce.
Among the canaries of position, the best known in Germany is the canary muniqués. This canary is a subspecies that owes its name to the city of Munich, where this bird originated in the twentieth century as a result of a cross between other species of canaries. The canary muniqués stands out for its display posture in which its slight curvature or forward inclination is appreciated.
The plumage of the canary muniqués is characterized by being smooth and tight to the body. Its coloration can be of two types: monochrome or stained. This species does not allow the color red. His broad chest helps him maintain excellent posture. His back is thin and creates a good symmetry between these two points of his body.
The canary muniqués has a size that goes from 15 to 16 centimeters long from the beak to the caudal feathers (the latter are usually long and thin). It is one of the largest canaries that exist in Germany and throughout Europe. Their food and care are not very different from those of the other canaries.
Due to its size, the canary muniqués requires a large cage to move freely and not stress.
His character is very funny. He is a great singer although it is not his specialty.
The canary muniqués transmits much joy to the home and can live with other birds but can also be alone.
The first thing we have to keep in mind is that the Canaries are a singing, cheerful, restless and very noble species. However, if they try to impose themselves on the rest they will peck harder at mealtime. This happens when you have more than one canary in the cage.
Keep in mind that when the canary is held on one leg it is comfortable and in a state of maximum relaxation. If your wings are spread and low, your temperature is going down. When he puts his head under the wing he is getting comfortable sleeping.
Another typical behavior of the canary is that when he sings, he does it to communicate. Normally, it is the medium used to get the attention of the female when she is ready to reproduce.
How to raise canaries: care
The canary is not as special as other birds. Therefore, we must only take into account the most basic: good food, water, cleaning the cage where you live and your bathrooms. They are the care that any bird or pet would require and it is not complicated to provide them.
Special care must be taken with feeding the canary to avoid intestinal inflammation, worms or constipation. Also, it is a species very susceptible to diseases such as asthma, bronchitis, cobalicilosis, acariasis in the legs, wounds and aphonia. The latter is more common in song canaries.
It is not necessary that the cage where a canary is going to be very large. You only need a medium cage with bars not too far apart so you can be at ease. Of course, we must also ensure that the cage bars prevent their legs from being trapped in them.
As it is a species that has a length less than 20 centimeters, the size of the cage if not going to share it with another bird should be about 40 centimeters high by 30 centimeters wide.
Regular cleaning of the cage is very important to prevent paratyphosis which is a disease that appears in the canaries by a poor cage hygiene. To avoid this, it is necessary to do a complete cleaning a couple of times a week. If the disease appears in the canary, his plumage will bristle and he will be sad and tired.
The issue of food is very important when we talk about canary care because it is vital for them to keep their plumage bright and healthy. In general, the entire organism of the Canaries requires many vitamins and nutrients. That is why, without specifying a subspecies, its food needs water, seeds, grains, fruit and vegetables. A mixture must be made between the different types of seeds to ensure variety.
The canary must have a feeder that is not too large and in which we will only leave enough food for the day. In this way we will avoid waste (you will have to fill in the feeder every day).
As you may have noticed, it is not difficult to handle the feeding of the canaries.
What do the canaries eat?
The grasses They are the favorite food of the Canaries and for nothing in the world they should be missing in their feeder. The canary must be given a variety of seeds. These seeds are very easy to get in supermarkets and at affordable prices.
The feeding of the canary should be varied and include sunflower seeds, birdseed, hemp seed, oats, flax, linseed, wheat and millet. You should also be given apple, pear, banana, lettuce, carrot.
Not feeding the canary with the necessary nutrients and the right foods can cause diseases such as constipation. It is not only about giving seeds and water, but also vegetables or a vegetable porridge that will help improve your intestinal transit.
At this point you have to be very observant because not all subspecies of canaries like to take baths. Some simply prefer to be vaporized. I mean that some canaries like, as normally happens with any bird, dive into the water and soak their entire body inside the small bathtubs that you will introduce inside the cage, but there are others that only want to be vaporized with water once up to date.
If the temperature is not warm, avoid bathing your canary because it could make you sick. In the case of having to do it, try to make it preferably during the morning so that you have enough time to dry your plumage. This way you will avoid the cold or cold that is one of the most common diseases in the Canaries.
Something very common in birds, canaries use nests to reproduce. One of the main characteristics that canaries have at the time of nesting is that they usually defend their territory no matter how small it is. The nest that the canaries form takes on a bowl shape. They place it on trees that have a height greater than 160 centimeters. If the canary is in a cage, you must provide a nest.
The canaries usually make their nests at the ends of the branches hiding them from their predators. In the construction of the nests they use grass, moss and vegetable fibers. The canaries always ensure that their nests are soft to be able to raise their chicks. The eggs lay between the months of January and July, although it may vary a bit depending on the region. Usually, the canaries get to lay 4 to 5 eggs. They can have two to three offspring every year, with the average incubation between 13 and 15 days. After this time, the chicks leave the nest between 14 and 21 days.
How old are the canaries?
It is possible to know how many years the species that are very well studied can live. In the case of the canaries there are also confirmed data. Domesticated canaries have a life span that can be between 8 and 14 years depending on factors such as hygiene, weather, cage, and so on. The wild or free-living canaries come to live between 5 and 10 years. This is because there are predators abroad, they are more exposed to weather factors, and their diet depends exclusively on them.
The life of a canary can vary greatly between the male and the female, with the female having a longer life expectancy that is between 8 and 14 years, while males can live between 7 and 12 years. In very isolated cases, there may be canaries who live up to 18 years depending greatly on the care they receive.
The simplest way to know the races of the Canaries
It is a difficult task, since the Canaries have a great variety of characteristics, so it is difficult to know each one of them.
To understand the varieties of the canaries you must know that the canaries were bred for their use, that is, some were developed because of their race characteristics, others more because they attract attention because of their color, while others because of their singing.
For this reason, the domestic canaries of our time, can be divided into these three characteristics that I will describe below:
See which feature catches your attention in case you are considering buying a canary.
1. Types of Canaries by Race
According to the Canary Advisor site, these canaries were bred according to the characteristics of their breed.
That is, there is a varied number of canaries that are highly valued according to the size as of its form or of some specific characteristic in its physical aspect.
I divided these characteristics by name and here are the names
- Canary Lizard (Features: Black Dots in its Feathers)
- Canary Border (Feature: Large Size)
- Canary Gloster (Features: With a Small Crest or Tuft)
- Canary Crested (Feature: Crested)
- Canario Fife (Características: Alas Blancas)
- Canario Norwich (Características: Tamaño pequeño, crestado, ojos ocultos)
- Canario Yorkshire (Características: Gran pecho y hombros, postura erguida)
2. Tipos de Canarios por Color
Para muchos la variedad amarilla es la más conocida y las más bonita, sin embargo, existen otros colores que son igualmente hermosos y que también deberías conocer.
Algunos de los más llamativos son:
- Rojo Bronce
- Naranja Ágata
- Naranja Frío Ágata
- Naranja Marrón
- Naranja Frío Marrón
Si quieres comprar un canario, puedes revisar con tu criador que variedad es la mas bonita. No todos son manejados por la mayoría de los vendedores, pero vale la pena que preguntes cuál es el mejor para tu casa.
3. Tipos de Canarios de Canto
Sabemos muy bien que lo más hermoso de un canario es su canto, por lo que, este pequeña lista te dirá cuales son los más buscados por la gente.
- American Singer : Este canario fue desarrollado en Estados Unidos entre 1930 y 1940. Se sabe que es el canario con el canto más saludable y robusto.
- El German Roller : Esta ave ha sido criada en Alemania desde hace más de 300 años y se cree que es el mejor cantor de este tipo de canarios.
- Russian Singer : Es uno de los canarios menos conocidos para ser un cantador, pero se ha vuelto mucho más popular en los últimos años, porque proviene de la variación alemana.
- Spanish Timbrado : Es el más reciente, pero con una de las voces más intensas, hermosas y alegres de todos los tipos de canarios cantores. Se dice que su sonido asemeja al de las castañuelas españolas.
- WaterSlager : Como su nombre lo dice tiene una enorme capacidad para imitar el sonido del agua corriendo. Por esta razón, es uno de los más populares en todo Europa.
Aquí te dejo un vídeo que demuestra la belleza de su canto.
Si ya tienes un canario, tal vez te puede interesar: Enfermedades comunes de los canarios